Water Quality Assessment at Bedadung River in Jember Regency

  • Elida Novita University of Jember
  • Hendra Andiananta Pradana Program Studi Magister Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Air Pertanian / Alam dan Lingkungan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Jember, Jl. Kalimantan 37 Jember, Jember, 68121, Indonesia
  • Satria Priambada Dwija Jurusan Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Jember, Jl. Kalimantan 37 Jember, Jember, 68121, Indonesia
Keywords: Water quality monitoring, pollution load capacity, CCME WQI, keys parameter, urban area

Abstract

Assessment of river water quality an important role in determining the allocation of surface water resourses. The purpose of this study is to identify the pollution load capacity and the status of water quality assessment using the CCME-WQI method. Monitoring of water quality and discharge parameters is carried out at 5 locations of water sampling. The BOD, COD, TSS, and discharge parameters in the observation period of 2019 were used to measure the value of the pollution load capacity. Water quality input data in the form of physical, chemical, and microbiological parameters in the 2016-2019 observation period were used to determine the water quality index value using the CCME-WQI method. The results showed that the value of the pollution load capacity of the Bedadung River pollution in the urban area segment of Jember Regency refers to TSS, BOD, and COD parameters respectively are 17429.99 kg/day; 410.75 kg/day; and 2357.33 kg/day. The range of Bedadung River Water Quality Index (WQI) values ​​for the Urban segment of Jember Regency from 2016 - 2019 is 53.21 - 79.31 category fair to marginal categories. The parameters that cause low WQI values ​​are BOD, COD, H2S, Cl-, PO4, and total coliform.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abbaspour S. 2011. Water quality in developing countries, Shouth Asia, South Africa, water quality management and activities that cause water pollution. In: International Conference on Environmental and Agriculture Engineering. Vol. 15. Singapura. p. 94–102.

[APHA] American Public Health Association, [AWWA] American Water Works Association, [WEF] Water Environment Federation. 2012. Standards Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22nd Edition. Wasington D.C.: American Public Health Association.

[APHA] American Public Health Association, [AWWA] American Water Works Association, [WEF] Water Environment Federation. 2017. Standards Methods for The Examination of Water And Wastewater, 23rd Edition. Wasington D.C.: American Public Health Association.

Aziza SN, Wahyuningsih S, Novita E. 2018. Beban pencemaran Kali Jompo di Kecamatan Patrang – Kaliwates Kabupaten Jember. J Agroteknologi. 12(1):100–106.

Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment. 2001. Candian water quality guidelines for the protection of aquatic life: CCME WQI Quality Index 1.). Winnipeg: Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment.

Djoharam V, Riani E, Yani M. 2018. Analisis kualitas air dan daya tampung beban pencemaran sungai pesanggrahan di wilayah provinsi DKI jakarta. J Pengelolaan Sumberday Alam dan Lingkung. 8(1):127–133. doi:10.29244/jpsl.8.1.127-133.

Dwivedi AK. 2017. Reserches in water pollution: a review. Int Ser Dir Int Res J Nat Appl Sci ISSN. 118 :2349–4077. doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.12094.08002.

Effendi H. 2016. River water qualit preliminariy rapid assesment using pollution index. Procedia Environ Sci. 33:562–567.

Fatmawati R, Masrevaniah A, Solichin. 2012. Kajian identifikasi daya tampung beban pencemaran kali ngrowo dengan menggunakan paket program Qual2Kw. Jurnal Teknik Pengairan. 3(2):122–131.

Haeruddin H, Febrianto S, Wahyu, Purnomo P. 2019. Beban pencemaran, kapasitas asimilasi dan status pencemaran Estuari Banjir Kanal Barat, Kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah. J Pengelolaan Sumberd Alam dan Lingkung. 9(3):723–735. doi:10.29244/jpsl.9.3.723-735.

Hussein S, Ali S. 2017. Water quality index for Al-Gharraf River, southern Iraq. Egypt J Aquat Res. 43(2):117–122. doi:10.1016/j.ejar.2017.03.001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2017.03.001.

Jafarabadi AR, Masoodi M, Sharifiniya M, Bakhtiyari RA. 2016. Integrated river water quality management by CCME WQI as an effective tool to characterize surface water source pollution (case study: Karun River, Iran). Pollution. 2(3): 313-330. doi: 10.7508/pj.2016.03.006.

Kachroud M, Trolard F, Kefi M, Jebari S, Bourrie G. 2019. Water quality indices: challange and application limits in the literature. Water. 11(361): 1-26. doi: 10.3390/w11020361.

Keputusan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Nomor 115. 2003. Pedoman Penentuan Status Mutu Air. Jakarta.

Lumb A, Bibeault TCSJ. 2011. A review of genesis and evolution of water quality index (WQI) and some future directions. Water Qual Expo Heal. 3:11–24. doi:10.1007/s12403-011-0040-0.

Marlina, N., Kasam, dan Juliani, A. 2015. Evaluasi daya tampung terhadap beban pencemaran menggunakan model kualitas air (studi kasus: Sungai Winongo). Jurnal Inovasi dan Kewirausahaan. 4(2):78-86. doi: 10.20885/ajie.vol4.iss2.art2

Marselina M, Burhanudin, M. 2018. Phosphorus load concentration in tropical climates reservoir for each water quantity class. Journal of Water and Land Development. 36(I-III):99-104. doi: 10.2478/jwld-2018-0010.

Obade VDP, Moore R. 2018. Synthesizing water quality indicators from standardized geospatial information to remedy water security challenges : a review. Environment International. 119(6): 220–231. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.06.026.

Pangestu R, Riani E, Effendi H. 2017. Estimasi beban pencemaran point source dan limbah domestik di Sungai Kalibaru Timur Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan. 7(3):219-226. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.7.3.219-226.

Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Jember Nomor 1 Tahun 2015. 2015. Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah (RTRW) Kabupaten Jember Tahun 2015-2035. Jember.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 82 Tahun 2001. 2001. Pengelolaan Kualitas Air dan Pengendalian Pencemaran Air. Jakarta.

Piranti AS, Rahayu DRUS, Waluyo G. 2018. The Assessment of Rawapening Lake Water Quality Status. J Nat Resour Environ Manag. 8(2):151–160. doi:10.29244/jpsl.8.2.151-160.

Pohan DAS, Budiyono, Syafrudin. 2016. Analisis kualitas air sungai guna menentukan peruntukan ditinjau dari aspek lingkungan. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan. 14(2): 63-71. doi: 10.14710/jil.14.2.63-71.

Poonam T, Tanushree B, Sukalyan C. 2015. Water quality indices-important toolfor water quality assesment: a review. Int J Adv Chem. 1(1):15–29. doi:10.5121/ijac.2015.1102.

Pradana HA, Novita E, Wahyuningsih S, Pamungkas R. 2019a. Analysis of deoxygenation and reoxygenation rate in the Indonesia River (a case study: Bedadung River East Java). IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci. 243(1). doi:10.1088/1755-1315/243/1/012006.

Pradana HA, Wahyuningsih S, Novita E, Humayro A. 2019b. Identification of the water quality and Pollution Load bedadung river in water treatment plants intake of Jember Regency Municipal Waterworks. J Kesehat Lingkung Indones. 18(82):135–143. doi: 10.14710/jkli.18.2.135-143.

Pradana HA, Novita E, Andriyani I, Purnomo BH. 2020. Land use impact to water quality in Bedadung River, Indonesia. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 447. doi: 0.1088/1755-1315/477/1/012015.

Rachmi E, Nugrahalia M, Karim A. 2016. Pemeriksaan kualitas air Sungai Sei Kera Medan dengan metode spektrofometri. BioLink. 3(1):44-55.

Rahayu Y, Juwana I, Marganingrum D. 2018. Kajian perhitungan beban pencemaran air sungai Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Cikapundung dari sektor domestik. Jurnal Rekayasa Hijau.1(2): 61-71. doi: 10.26760/jrh.v2i1.2043.

Rosiana MR, Handayani FS, Qomariah S. 2016. Strategi pengendalian pencemaran air Sungai Pepe. Jurnal Matriks Teknik Sipil. 562-569. doi: 10.20961/mateksi.v4i2.37013.

Sahabuddin H, Harisuseso D, Yuliani E. 2014. Analysis of the status of water quality and capacity of pollution of Wanggu River in Kendari City. J Tek Pengair. 5(1):pp.19-28.

Saraswati SP, Ardion MV, Widodo YH, Hadisusanto S. 2019. Water quality index performance for river pollution control based on better ecological point of view (a case study in Code, Winongo, Gadjah Wong streams). J Civ Eng Forum. 5(1):47. doi:10.22146/jcef.41165.

Saraswati S. P., Sunyoto, Kironoto BA, Hadisusanto S. 2014. Kajian bentuk dan sensitivitas rumus indeks PI, stroret, come untuk penentuan status mutu perairan sungai tropis di Indonesia. J Mns dan Lingkung. 21(2):129–142.

[SNI] Standar Nasional Indonesia Nomor 06-7016-2004. 2004. Tata Cara Pengambilan Contoh dalam rangka Pemantauan Kualitas Air pada Suatu Daerah Pengaliran Sungai.

Supenah P, Widyastuti E, Priyono RW. 2015. Kajian kualitas air Sungai Condong yang terkena baungan limbah cair Industri Batik Trusmi Cirebon. Biosfera. 32(2):110-118. doi: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.2.302.

Tallar RY, Suen J. 2015. Identification of waterbody status in Indonesia by using predictive index assessment tool. Int Soil Water Conserv Res. 3(3):224–238. doi:10.1016/j.iswcr.2015.06.009. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iswcr.2015.06.009.

Tanika L, Rahayu S, Khasanah N, Dewi S. 2016. Fungsi Hidrologi pada Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS): Pemahaman, Pemantauan, dan Evaluasi. Bogor: Indonesia World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asian Regional Program.

Yetti E, Soedharma D, Haryadi S. 2011. Evaluasi of Rivers Water Quality at Malang Upper Brantas River Basin Area in Relation to Land Use System and Its Surroundings People Activity. J Nat Resour Environ Manag. 1(1):10. doi:10.19081/jpsl.2011.1.1.10.

Yudo S, Said NI. 2018. Water quality status of Ciliwung River in DKI Jakarta region case study: installation of online water quality monitoring station in segment of Kelapa Dua - Istiqlal Mosque. J Teknol Lingkung. 19(1):13. doi:10.29122/jtl.v19i1.2243.

Yustiani YM, Wahyuni S, Alfian MR. 2018. Investigation on the deoxygenation rate of water of cimanuk river , indramayu , indonesia. Rayasan J Chem. 11(2):475–481.

Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Elida Novita, Pradana, H. A. and Dwija, S. P. (2020) “Water Quality Assessment at Bedadung River in Jember Regency”, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), 10(4), pp. 699-714. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.10.4.699-714.