Role of Family Communications in Adolescent Personal and Social Identity

Maulana Rezi Ramadhana, Ravik Karsidi, Prahastiwi Utari, Drajat Tri Kartono

Abstract


This study examines the relationship between family communication patterns (involving two dimensions of conversation and conformity) and the personal-social identity of adolescents. This study uses a survey technique involving 214 adolescents from intact families and single-parent families in one school in Bandung, by providing two scales of the Family Communication Pattern Revised (FCPR) from Ritchie and the scale of Social Identity-Personal Identity (SIPI) from Nario-Redmond. Data analysis to test three hypotheses in this study using Pearson product-moment correlation and regression analysis to find moderation of the measured variables. The findings indicate that the dimensions of the conversation are significantly positively related to social identity and personal identity. While the dimensions of conformity are negatively associated with social identity and positively associated with personal identity. After controlling for family status and sibling position in the family, the dimensions of conformity moderate significantly positive relationships between dimensions of conversation and social identity.

Keywords


Family Communication Pattern; Conversation; Conformity; Social Identity; Personal Identity

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage

Chickering, A. W. & Reisser, L. (1993). Education and identity. 2nd ed. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Erikson, E. H. (1980). Identity and the life cycle: A reissue. New York: Norton

Feinberg, M. E., Kan, M. L., & Hetherington, E. M. (2007). The longitudinal influence of co-parenting conflict on parental negativity and adolescent maladjustment. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69, 687–702

Josselson, R.L. (1994). Identity and relatedness in the life cycle. In H.A. Bosma, D.J.de Levita, T.L.J. Grastina& H.D. Grotevant eds. Identity and Development: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp.81-102

Koerner, A. F., & Cvancara, K. E. (2002). The influence of conformity orientation on communication patterns in family conversations. The Journal of Family Communication, 2, 133–152. doi:10.1207/S15327698JFC0203_2

Koerner, A. F., & Fitzpatrick, M. A. (2002a). Toward a theory of family communication. Communication Theory, 12, 70–91. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2885.2002.tb00260.x

Koerner, A. F., & Fitzpatrick, M. A. (2002b). Understanding family communication patterns and family functioning: The roles of conversation orientation and conformity orientation. Communication Yearbook, 26, 36–68. doi:10.1207/s15567419cy2601_2

Koerner, A. F., & Fitzpatrick, M. A. (2002c). You never leave your family in a fight: The impact of family of origin on conflict-behavior in romantic relationships. Communication Studies, 53, 234–251. doi:10.1080/10510970209388588

Koerner, A. F., & Schrodt, P. (2014). An introduction to the special issue on family communication patterns theory. Journal of Family Communication, 14, 1–15. doi:10.1080/ 15267431.2013.857328

Little, T. D., Card, N. A., Bovaird, J. A., Preacher, K., & Crandall, C. S. (2007). Structural equation modeling of mediation and moderation with contextual factors. In T. D. Little, J. A. Bovaird, & N. A. Card (Eds.), Modeling contextual effects in longitudinal studies (pp. 207–230). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum

Marcia, J. E. (1998). Optimal development from an Eriksonian perspective. In Encyclopedia of Mental Health Vol. 3 (pp. 29–39). San Diego, CA: Academic.

Marcia, J. E., 1966. Development and validation of ego identity statuses. Journal of personality and social psychology. 3(5), pp. 551-558

Marcia, J.E (2002) Adolescence, Identity, and the Bernardone Family, Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 2:3,199-209

McDonald D.G & Kim H . (2001). When I Die, I Feel Small: Electronic Game Characters and the Social Self. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 45(2), pp. 241-258.

Nario-Redmond, MR, Biernat.M, Eidelman.S, & Palenske, D. (2004). The Social and Personal Identities Scale: A Measure of the Differential Importance Ascribed to Social and Personal Self-Categorizations. Self and Identity. 3. pp 143-175

Newcomb, T. M. (1953). An approach to the study of communicative acts. Psychological Review, 60, 393–404. doi:10.1037/h0063098

Newman, B. M., P. R. Newman, 2001. Group Identity and Alienation: Giving the We Its Due. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 30 (5), pp. 515.

Ritchie, L. D. (1991). Family communication patterns: An epistemic analysis and conceptual reinterpretation. Communication Research, 18, 548–565. doi:10.1177/009365091018004005

Schrodt, P. (2005). Family communication schemata and the circumplex model of family functioning. Western Journal of Communication, 69, 359–376. doi:10.1080/10570310500305539

Schrodt, P., Ledbetter, A. M., Jernberg, K. A., Larson, L., Brown, N., & Glonek, K. (2009). Family communication patterns as mediators of communication competence in the parent-child relationship. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 26, 853–874. doi:10.1177/ 0265407509345649

Schrodt, P., Witt, P. L., & Messersmith, A. S. (2008). A meta-analytical review of family communication patterns and their associations with information processing, behavioral, and psychosocial outcomes. Communication Monographs, 75, 248–269. doi:10.1080/03637750802256318

Schrodt, P., & Shimkowski, J. R. (2015). Family Communication Patterns and Perceptions of Coparental Communication. Communication Reports, 30(1), 39–50. doi:10.1080/08934215.2015.1111400

Stringer, S. A. (1997). Conflict and Connection: The Psychology of Young Adult Literature. Portsmouth, Boynton: Cook Publishers, Inc




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.4.1.1-11

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Editorial Office

Journal of Family Sciences

Department of Family and Consumer Sciences Building Level 2, Bogor Agricultural University
Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Phone +62-251-8627432
e-mail: jfs@ipb.ac.id, jfs.ikkipb@gmail.com
http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jfs