JIPI
Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Daya racun ekstrak kasar daun bintaro (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) terhadap larva Spodoptera litura fabricius

  • Sri Utami
  • Lailan Syaufina
  • Noor Farikhah Haneda
Keywords: Pests control, bintaro ( Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) leaf extract, pesticide active ingredient

Abstract

Spodoptera litura Fabricius is one of polyphagous insects that often attacks so many plant species either annual and perennial crops. Severe infestation of the pest may decrease crop production. The farmers who grow agricultural crops generally control the insect pest using synthetic chemical insecticides. However, improper use of such pesticides may cause negative impacts to the environment. Insect pest control using botanical insecticide is an alternative which is relatively safe to the environment. A research to test the lethal effect of crude extract of bintaro leaf ( Cerbera odollam gaertn.) to S. litura larvae was conducted. The research was conducted at the laboratory of Forest Product Chemistry and the laboratory of Forest Entomology, Faculty of Forestry, IPB in 2009. The results shows that the crude extract of bintaro leaf has a strong knock down effect to S. litura larvae, with lC50 at 0,6 °/o to the second instar and 0,28 % to the second and the third instar. It is proven that the leaf extract, contains active chemical compounds pesticidal, e.g. flavonoid, steroid, saponin and tannin. Further tests are suggested under field condition researches should be conducted to test the efficacy of the extract in controlling S. litura at the nursery and the field.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Sri Utami
Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Palembang
Lailan Syaufina
Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Noor Farikhah Haneda
Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

References

Abdurachman dan A. Saridan. 2008. Potensi Ulin (Eusideroxylon zwageri Teijsm. Binn) di Hutan Alam Labanan, Kabupaten Berau Kalimantan Timur. Prosiding Seminar Bersama Hasil Penelitian Balai Litbang Kehutanan Kalimantan, Balai Litbang Hutan Tanaman Indonesia Bagian Timur dan Loka Litbang Satwa Primata. Samarinda 12 April 2006.

Asmaliyah dan S. Utami. 2006. Teknik Pengendalian Hama pada Hutan Tanaman. Laporan Hasil Penelitian Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Palembang. Badan Litbang Kehutanan. Departemen Kehutanan.

Dadang dan D. Prijono. 2008. Insektisida Nabati : Prinsip, Pemanfaatan dan Pengembangan. Departemen Proteksi Tanaman. Fakultas Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Departemen Pertanian. 2010. Hama Penting Tanaman Jarak. http://www.ditjenbun.deptan .go.id [22 Mei 2010].

Harborne, JB. 1987. Metode Fitokimia : Penuntun Cara Modern Menganalisa Tumbuhan. Edisi ke-2. Penerjemah Padmawinata K. Institut Teknologi Bandung. Bandung.

Hashim, R., JG. Boon, O. Sulaiman, F. Kawamura, CY. Lee. 2009. Evaluation of The Decay Resistance Properties of Cerbera odollam Extracts and Their Influence on Properties of Particleboard. Int Biodeter and Bidegrad 63(8) : 1013 – 1017.

Hien, NC., Delmasure, T. Vy. 1991. Toxicity and Effects on The Central Nervous System of A Cerbera Odollam Leaf Extract. J Ethnopharmacol 34(2) : 210 – 206.

Hollingworth, R.M. 2001. Inhibitors and Uncouplers of Mitochondrial Oxydative Phosphorylation dalam Krieger R., J. Doull, D. Ecobichon, D. Gammon, E. Hoyson, L. Reiter, J. Ross. Editor. Handbook of Pesticide Toxycology Vol 2. Academic Press. San Diego.

Kalshoven, L.G.E. 1981. The Pest of Crops in Indonesia. Penerjemah Laan PA van der. Ichtiar Baru-van Hooeve. Jakarta.

Kebler, P.J.A. dan K. Sidiyasa. 2005. Pohon-pohon Hutan Kalimantan Timur. Tropenbos-Kalimantan Series 2. Kalimantan.

Laba, I.W. dan D. Soekarna. 1986. Mortalitas ulat grayak (Spodoptera litura F.) pada berbagai instar dan perlakuan insektisida pada kedelai. Makalah Seminar Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Pangan. Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan. Bogor.

PROSEA. 2002. Plant Resources of South-East Asia 12: Medicinal and Poisonous Plants 2. PROSEA. Bogor.

Untung, K. 1996. Pengantar Pengelolaan Hama Terpadu. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Utami, S. 2010. Aktivitas Insektisida Bintaro (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) terhadap Hama Eurema spp. pada Skala Laboratorium. Jurnal Hutan Tanaman. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan Tanaman. Badan Litbang Kehutanan. Departemen Kehutanan. Bogor. In Press.

Yunita, E.A., N.H. Suprapti, J.S. Hidayat. 2009. Ekstrak Daun Teklan (Eupatorium riparium) terhadap Mortalitas dan Perkembangan Larva Aedes Aegypti. Bioma Vol 11 N0 1: 11-17.

How to Cite
Utami, S., Syaufina, L., & Haneda, N. F. (1). Daya racun ekstrak kasar daun bintaro (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) terhadap larva Spodoptera litura fabricius. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 15(2), 96-100. Retrieved from http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/JIPI/article/view/6492

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>