Toleransi Klon Unggul Jarak Pagar Terhadap Cekaman Kelembapan Tanah

. Lestari, . Djumali


Jatropha superior clones which will be released as varieties suitable for dryland should have been tested for their level of tolerance to stress of water. The study aimed to determine the level of tolerance of physic nut superior clones. Greenhouse research was carried out in The Research Institute of Sweeteners and Fiber Crops, Malang, East Java in July-November 2015. The treatments were arranged in the split-plot design with three replications. The main plot consists of four levels of soil moisture (40, 60, 80, and 100% of field capacity) and the subplot consists of five clones (HS-49/NTT, PT-7/Lampung, HS-49 x SP-88, SP -88 x IP-1A, and PT-7 x SP-117) and one control clone (IP-3A). The results showed that PT-7 x SP-117 classified as a moderate clone, IP-3A was a very resistant clone and SP-88 x IP-1A, HS-49 x SP-88, PT-7/ Lampung, and HS-49/NTT were resistant clones to soil moisture stress


clones; jatropha; soil moisture; stress

Full Text:



Anjum SA, Xie X, Wang LC, Saleem MF, Man C, Lei W. 2011. Morpholigicall, physiological and biochemical responses of plants to drought streess. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 6(9): 2026-2032.

Azza AM, Saher M, Zaghlouli M. 2006. Increasing water deficiency tolerance of Melia azedarach seedlings through application of iron. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2(3): 346-351.

Arcoverde GB, Rodrigues BM, Pompellii MF, Santos MG. 2011. Water relations and some aspects of leaf metabolism of Jatropha curcas young plants under two water defisit levels and recovery. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology. 23(2): 123-133.

Erice G, Louahlia S, Irigoven JJ, Sanches-Diaz M, Avice JC. 2010. Biomass partitioning, morphology and water status of four alfalfa genotypes submitted to pregressive drought and subsequent recovery. Journal of Plant Physiology. 167(2): 114-120.

Fini A, Bellasio C, Pollastri S, Tattini M, Ferrini F. 2013. Water relations, growth, and leaf gas exchange as affected by water stress in Jatropha curcas. Journal of Arid Environments. 89: 21-29.

Fisher RA, Maurer R. 1978. Drought stress in spring wheat cultivars: 1. grain yield responses. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 29(5): 897-912.

Francis G, Edinger R, Becker K. 2005. A concept for simultaneous wasteland reclamation, fuel production and socioeconomic development in degraded areas in India: need, potential and perspectives of jatropha plantations. Natural Resources Forum. 29(1): 12-14.

Gedoan SP, Hartana A, Hamim, Widyastuti U, Sukarno N. 2011. Pertumbuhan tanaman jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) pada lahan pascatambang timah di Bangka yang diberi pupuk organik. Jurnal Ilmiah Sains. 11(2): 181-190.

Jingura RM. 2011. Technical Options for Optimization of Production of Jatropha as Biofuel Feedstock in Arid and Semi-arid Areas of Zimbabwe. Biomass and Bioenergy. 35(5): 2127-2132.

Kumar A, Sharma S. 2008. An evaluation of multipurpose oil seed crop for industrial uses (Jatropha curcas L.): a review. Industrial Crops and Products. 28(1): 1-10.

Kumar D, Singh S, Sharma R, Kumar V, Chandra H, Malhotra K. 2011. Above-Ground Morphological Predictors of Rooting Success in Rooting Cuttings of Jatropha curcas L. Biomass and Bioenergy. 35(9): 3891-3895.

Maes WH, Achten WMJ, Reubens B, Raes D, Samson R, Muys B. 2009. Plants-water relationships and growth strategies of Jatropha curcas L. seedlings under different levels of drought stress. Journal of Arid Environments. 73(10): 877-884.

Meng GT, Li GX, He LP, Chai Y, Kong JJ, Lei YB. 2013. Combined effects of CO2 enrichment and drought stress of a potential bioenergy crop Jatropha curcas. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation. 32(3): 542-550.

Niu G, Rodriguez DS, Mackay W. 2008. Growth and physiological responses to drought stress in four oleander clones. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 133(2): 188-196.

Openshaw K. 2000. A review of Jatropha curcas: an oil plant of unfulfilled promise. Biomass and Bioenergy. 19(1): 1-15.

Parida AK, Das AB, Mohanty P. 2004. Defense potentials to NaCl in a mangrove Bruguiera parviflora: differential changes of isoforms of some anti-oxidative enzymes. Journal of Plant Physiology. 161: 531-542.

Parwata IGMA, Indradewa D, Yudono P, Kertonegoro BD. 2010. Pengelompokan genotipe jarak pagar berdasarkan atas ketahanannya terhadap kekeringan pada fase pembibitan di lahan pasir pantai. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia. 38: 156-162.

Parwata IGMA, Indradewa D, Yudono P, Kertonegoro BD, Kusmarwiyah R. 2014. Respon pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) terhadap cekaman kekeringan di lahan pasir pantai pada tahun pertama siklus produksi. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia. 42(1): 59-65.

Santoso BB, Hasnam, Hariyadi, Susanto S, Purwoko BS. 2008. Potensi hasil jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) pada satu tahun budi daya di lahan kering Lombok Barat, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Buletin Agronomi. 36(2): 161-167.

Sapeta H, Costa JM, Lourenco T, Maroco J, van der Linde P, Oliveira MM. 2013 Drought stress response in Jatropha curcas: Growth and physiology. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 85: 76-84.

Silva EN, Silva SLF, Fontenele AV, Ribeiro RV, Viegas RA, Silveira JAG. 2010. Photosynthetic change and protective mechanisms againts oxidative damage subjected to isolated and combined drought and heat stresses in Jatropha curcas plants. Journal of Plant Physiology. 167(14): 1157-1164.

Silva EN, Vieira SA, Ribeiro RV, Ponte LFA, Silva SLF, Silveira JAG. 2012. Contrasting physiological responses of Jatropha curcas plants to single and combined stresses of salinity and heat. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation. 32(1): 159-169.

Sudarmo H, Heliyanto B, Hasnam, Asbani N, Yulianti T, Purlani E. 2009. Laporan Kebun Induk dan Benih Jarak Pagar KP. Asembagus Tahun 2008. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat, Malang (ID).

Sudarmo H, Purwati RD. 2014. Keragaan beberapa genotipe harapan jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) di Gunung Kidul. Dalam: Prosiding Semiloka Nasional Tanaman Pemanis, Serat, Tembakau dan Minyak Industri, Malang 10 Oktober 2012. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan, Bogor. p. 251-257.

Sundaravalli MV, Paliwal K, Ruckmani A. 2005. Effect of water stress on photosynthesis, protein content and nitrat reductase activity of Albizzia seedling. Plant Biology. 32: 13-17.

Syakir M. 2010. Prospek dan Kendala Pengembangan Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) Sebagai Bahan Bakar Nabati di Indonesia. Perspektif. 9(2): 55-65.


View JIPI Stats


   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email:;