Metarhizium anisopliae dan Andrographis paniculata Terhadap Serangga Bukan Hama Sasaran

Dini Yuliani

Abstract


The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Metarhizium anisopliae and Andrographis paniculata to the natural enemies of Nephotettix virescens and non-target insect pests. This research was conducted in tungro endemic areas in Subang District, West Java in the wet season 2013/2014. The method of research used a split plot design with four replications. The main plot was IR66, Inpari 9, and Ciherang varieties. Subplot was the application of M. anisopliae, A. paniculata, and control. Observations were carried out five times started at nursery (2 weeks after seedling), 14, 28, 42, and 56 days after planting using insect nets, double swing 10 times on each plot observations. The results show M. anisopliae and A. paniculata not adversely affect on non-target insect pests such as Chironomid and natural enemies of N. virescens namely Lycosa pseudoannulata, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, Sepedon sp., damselfly, Tipulidae sp., Telenomus sp., dragonfly, and Tetrastichus sp.. Efficacy of M. anisopliae and A. paniculata as one of the control strategies that are environmentally friendly and proved not harmful to non-target insect pests.

Keywords


Andrographis paniculata, Metarhizium anisopliae, non-target insect pests

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. Canada.

Hibino H, Cabunagan RC. 1986. Rice tungro associated viruses and their relation to host plants and vector leafhopper. Tropical Agriculture Research Series. 19: 173-182.

Kritani K, Kawahara K, Sasaba T, Nakasuji F. 1972. Quantitative evaluation of predation by spiders on the green leafhopper, Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler, by a sight count method. Researches on Population Ecology. 13(2): 187-200. http://doi.org/bpj3kq

Mulyaningsih ES, Deswina P, Loedin IHS. 2009. Dampak padi transgenik mengekspresikan gen cry IA (b) untuk ketahanan terhadap penggerek batang di lapang terbatas terhadap serangga bukan sasaran. Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika. 9 (2): 85-91.

Prapanza I. 2003. Khasiat Dan Manfaat Sambiloto. Jakarta (ID): Agromedia Pustaka.

Raga IN, Murdita W, Tri MPL, Edi SW, Oman. 2004. Sistem surveillance antisipasi ledakan penyakit tungro di Indonesia. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Status Program Penelitian Tungro Mendukung Keberlanjutan Produksi Padi Nasional. Makassar, 7-8 September 2004.

Roberts DW. 1966. Toxin from the Entomogenous fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 8(2): 212-227. http://doi.org/bnsrmb

Said MY, Baco D. 1988. Efektivitas dan peranan jamur dalam pengendalian wereng hijau, Nephotettix virescens Mats. Agrikam 3: 1-8.

Talanca AH. 2011. Musuh alami serangga vektor virus tungro pada tanaman padi. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penyakit Tungro. Makassar, 10 November 2011. Hal: 179-186.

Tsai YS, Kau EW, Kao SS. 1993. Screening of fungicide resistant of Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae. Chinese Journal of Entomology. 13: 45-57.

Trisyono YA. 2001. Resiko ekologis pelepasan organism hasil rekayasa genetika. Lokakarya Sistem Keamanan Hayati dan Keamanan Pangan. Bogor, 9-10 Oktober 2001.

Widiarta IN, Usyati N, Kusdiaman D. 1997. Antifeedant activity of andrographolide and three syntetic insecticides against rice green leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens (Distant) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Bull. Pl. Pest Disease. 9: 14-19.

Widiarta IN, Muhsin M, Kusdiaman D. 1998. Effect of andrographolide and two synthetic insecticides, antifeedant against Nephotettix virescens, to the rice tungro virus transmission. Indonesian, Journal of Plant Protection. 4(1): 1-8.

Widiarta IN, Kusdiaman D. 2007. Penggunaan jamur entomopatogen Metarrhizium anisopliae dan Beuveria bassiana untuk mengendalikan populasi wereng hijau. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 26(1): 47-54.

Widiarta IN, Kusdiaman D. 2008. Pengaruh dosis subletal ekstrak sambilata (Andrographis paniculata NEES) terhadap aktivitas musuh alami dan keperidian wereng hijau Nephotettix virescens DISTANT. Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika. 8 (2): 75-81.

Widiarta IN. 2009. Pengaruh perubahan iklim global terhadap pertumbuhan hama tanaman padi dan musuh alaminya. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Padi 2008. Buku 1. Hal: 325-335.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.21.1.20

View JIPI Stats

 

   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email: jipi-lppm@apps.ipb.ac.id; jipi-lppm@ipb.ac.id