https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/issue/feed Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan 2021-04-29T14:29:32+07:00 Roza Yusfiandayani ochaipb@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><img src="/public/journals/48/journalThumbnail_id_ID.jpg" alt="##common.journalThumbnail.altText##" height="210" align="left">JURNAL TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN&nbsp; diasuh oleh Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor dengan jadwal penerbitan 2 (dua) kali dalam satu tahun dengan tujuan menyebarluaskan informasi ilmiah tentang perkembangan teknologi perikanan dan kelautan,antara lain: teknologi perikanan tangkap, teknologi kelautan, inderaja kelautan, akustik dan instrumentasi, teknologi kapal perikanan, teknologi pengolahan hasil perikanan, teknologi budidaya perikanan dan bioteknologi kelautan. Naskah yang dimuat dalam jurnal ini terutama berasal dari penelitian maupun kajian konseptual yang dilakukan oleh mahasiswa dan staf pengajar/akademisi dari berbagai universitas di Indonesia, para peneliti di berbagai bidang lembaga pemerintahan dan pemerhati permasalahan teknologi perikanan dan kelautan di Indonesia.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Jurnal ini diterbitkan atas kerjasama Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Institut Petanian Bogor dan Masyarakat Sains Kelautan dan Perikanan Indonesia (MSKPI)</p> <p>ISSN cetak : 2087-4871 ISSN elektronik : 2549-3841</p> https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/32556 ANALISIS KESESUAIAN UKURAN KONSTRUKSI UTAMA KAPAL PERIKANAN DI BEBERAPA PELABUHAN PERIKANAN DI PULAU JAWA 2021-03-26T11:16:53+07:00 Mohammad Imron mohammadim@apps.ipb.ac.id Sulaeman Martasuganda sulaemanmartasuganda@gmail.com Anshar Kurniawan ansharkurniawan@gmail.com <p>Fishing vessels in Indonesia, are generally built by traditional shipyards. Ship building carried out by traditional shipyards is usually not equipped with technical planning. Technical planning in ship building includes general arrangement, lines plan, and construction plan. Biro Klasifikasi Indonesia (BKI) is a national classification agency that has the authority to regulate the size of construction, connection methods, and determination of the type of wood on ships. Based on this, it is necessary to conduct a study on the suitability of the main construction size of the ship with BKI regulations. The purpose of this study is to analyze the suitability of the main construction size of fishing boats with the regulations of the BKI, and to describe the factors that can affect the suitability of the main construction size of fishing boats with the rules of the BKI in several fishing ports in Java. The method used in this research is survey research. The analysis used is comparative descriptive analysis and descriptive analysis. The size of ship construction in several fishing ports on the island of Java varies, depending on the main dimensions of the ship. The average construction size is 47,68% larger than BKI standards, 52,16% smaller than BKI standards, and 0,19% according to BKI standards. The average construction size difference was 9,25% greater than the BKI standard. The constructions whose average size is still below the BKI standard are galar beam, kim galar, and outer shell.</p> 2021-03-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/32989 TINGKAT KERENTANAN PESISIR DI UTARA DAN TIMUR PULAU BINTAN PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU TAHUN 2020 2021-03-25T12:52:27+07:00 Mario Putra Suhana marioputrasuhana@umrah.ac.id Risandi Dwirama Putra risandi@umrah.ac.id Leica Febby Shafitri leica.eca@gmail.com Muhamad Muliadi muhamadmuliadi06@gmail.com Khairunnisa Khairunnisa khnisa9498@gmail.com I Wayan Nurjaya wayan2011@gmail.com Nyoman Metta N. Natih natih1406@yahoo.com <p>Coastal areas are unique, dynamic, and complex because they are zones of interaction between land, oceans, and atmosphere. This makes coastal areas the most vulnerable areas on Earth. To find out how big the vulnerability is in a coastal area, a study is needed to determine the vulnerability level of coastal areas and the influencing factors. Research on the coastal vulnerability level at this location was conducted in 2016 and it was concluded that the coastal vulnerability level is in the medium category. With the development of potential utilization in the area, it is necessary to conduct similar research in 2016 to find out if there is a change in vulnerability level between 2016 and 2020. The data used consisted of coastal geomorphology, tidal, Landsat 7 ETM+ and 8 OLI, sea level rise and DEM satellite imagery. Data analysis using Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) method. The results showed the coastal vulnerability level at the research site was in the low-medium category, with a CVI score range of 9,93-25,86. Topography, geomorphology, intensity of shoreline changes, and coastal slope are factors that can cause the vulnerability level at the research site can be very high. However, the interconnectedness between other parameters can inhibit the high level of vulnerability, making the level of coastal vulnerability at the research site to be only in the low-medium category. There was a change in vulnerability level conditions between 2016 and 2020 the level of vulnerability at the east coast decreased to a low category.</p> 2021-03-24T15:22:27+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/32454 INDEKS PERTUMBUHAN IKAN KAKAP MERAH DAN KERAPU LUMPUR PADA PERIKANAN BUBU DASAR DI PERAIRAN BUNYU 2021-03-25T12:52:28+07:00 Muhammad Firdaus dayax2302@yahoo.com Gazali Salim axza_oke@yahoo.com Jimmy Cahyadi jim.borneo@gmail.com Encik Weliyadi weliyadianwar098@gmail.com <p>Bunyu Island in the North Kalimantan province has abundant and economically valuable marine aquatic ecosystem resources, where Bunyu Island communities utilize the potential of marine aquatic ecosystems to be used as fishery potential in terms of fishing using bottom fish pots. Fishing catch is economically valuable in the form of red snapper and grouper fish found in the marine ecosystems of Bunyu Island. The research objective was to analyze the growth and size structure of the Red Snapper fish (<em>Lutjanus argentimaculatus</em>) and Grouper fish (<em>Epinephalus malabaricus</em>) originating from the waters of the island of Bunyu. Retrieval of data in the form of growth parameters are the total length and standard length, total weight, gender, gonad maturity level, and gonad weight. The results of the study of most snapper caught the length of 40,49-47,61 cm and a weight of 990,05-1.451,68 grams. While the results of the grouper study most caught were 43,73-50,13 cm in length and weights of 800,94-1.308,70 grams. The nature of growth of Red Snapper fish (<em>Lutjanus argentimaculatus</em>) are negative allometry. The condition index value is skinny of Red Snapper fish (<em>Lutjanus argentimaculatus</em>). Grouper fish (<em>Epinephalus malabaricus</em>) of total length and total weight is positive allometry and on the standart and fork length with total weight is negative allometri.</p> 2021-03-24T15:23:32+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/32727 ANALISIS FISIKO KIMIA KONSENTRAT PROTEIN IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus) YANG DIEKSTRAK MENGGUNAKAN PELARUT ETANOL 2021-03-26T11:20:41+07:00 Frets Jonas Rieuwpassa frets.jr@gmail.com Ely John Karimela karimelaelyjohn@gmail.com Marnens Christianto Karaeng marnensk@gmail.com <p>Nile tilapia have not yet been widely used by the people Sangihe and be the last resort to be consumed. Utilization of meat tilapia as a raw material for protein concentrate felt to be very precisely so as to optimize the potential tilapia in Sangihe. Protein concentrates can be extracted using organic solvents such as ethanol. The purpose of this research is extracted of tilapia fish protein concentrates using a solvent ethanol and analyzes of physical-chemical. The data obtained by discussed a sort of descriptive method. The yield obtained range 16,53 % with content of protein 61,13 %, content of lipid 7,11%, whiteness 74,77%, and odor in 2. The results showed that tilapia Fish Protein Concentrate extracted using ethanol solvent is still classified as FPC type C. However, the amino acid test results showed that tilapia FPC contained 20 types of amino acids with lysine as the most amino acid (55,70 mg/g), while the fatty acid test showed that tilapia FPC contained 27 types of fatty acids with 5 types of omega-3 fatty acids (C18:4 n-3, C18:3 n-3, C20;4 n-3, C20:5 n-3, C22:6 n-3), 7 types of omega-6 fatty acid (C18:2 n-6, C18:2 n-6, C18:3 n-6, C20:2 n-6, C20:3 n-6, C20:4 n-6, C22:5 n-6), and types of omega-9 fatty acid (C18:1 n-9, C18:1 n-9, C20:1 n-9, C22:1 n-9). The highest amount of fatty acids is oleic acid (14,31 mg/g). The results of this study are not optimal, so it needs to be modified of the extraction method to obtain better FPC quality.</p> 2021-03-24T15:24:12+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/32620 MARGIN DAN TINGKAT EFISIENSI PEMASARAN IKAN TENGGIRI (Scomberomorus commerson) DI PPI TANJUNGSARI KABUPATEN PEMALANG 2021-03-26T11:21:25+07:00 Hendrik Anggi Setyawan hendrikanggisetyawan@live.undip.ac.id Bambang Argo Wibowo argobambang@lecturer.undip.ac.id Abdul Kohar Mudzakir akohmud@gmail.com <p>Mackerel is one of the main catch targets for gill net multifilament fishermen in PPI Tanjungsari due to its high price and also the demand of the market from inside and outside the Pemalang Regency. Mackerel’s marketing business is carried out and developed by various parties, including fishermen, large traders, retailers, and out-of-town merchants. The purposes of this research were to find out the form of marketing channels and analyze the value of marketing margins, and marketing efficiency of mackerel in PPI Tanjungsari. The method used in this research was descriptive. The sampling method used in this study was the purposive sampling method. Data analysis was marketing margin analysis and marketing efficiency analysis. The result is that there are two forms of marketing channels for mackerel. The first marketing channel is from fishermen-medium traders-retailer-end consumers, and the second marketing channel is from fishermen-large traders-traders outside the city-consumers. The total marketing margin on the second channel is greater than the first channel, which is Rp 33.243,-/kg due to greater marketing costs. The marketing efficiency analysis obtained on both channels falls into the inefficient category with values of 20% on the first channel and 33% on the second channel.</p> 2021-03-24T15:24:48+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/33347 DAERAH PENANGKAPAN IKAN KEMBUNG (Rastrelligger sp) DI SELAT SUNDA PADA MUSIM PERALIHAN 2021-03-26T11:21:57+07:00 Daniel Julianto Tarigan danieljulianto@upi.edu Agung Setyo Sasongko agungsetyosasongko@upi.edu Ferry Dwi Cahyadi ferrydc@upi.edu Lio Yonanto lioyonanto93@gmail.com Bella Dinda Rahayu bdinda43@gmail.com <p>Mackerel is the dominant species caught in the waters of the Sunda Strait. The fishing grounds has a very strong influence on oceanographic conditions such as temperature and chlorophyll-a. Sea surface temperature is an indicator for measuring phenomena that occur in the oceans such as currents, upwelling, fronts, while chlorophyll-a is an indicator of the fertility of a waters. The aspect of fish length is the main focus in determining fishing grounds. This study aims to analyze the catch based on chlorophyll-a, sea surface temperature, and fish length which results in mapping the fishing grounds for mackerel in the Sunda Strait waters. This research was conducted by using the case method. The analysis used in this study is the scoring associated with chlorophyll-a, sea surface temperature, fish length, and CPUE. The length of the fish is the aspect that has the greatest weight. The fishing grounds category consists of potential, medium potential and non-potential fishing categories. Based on the research results, the total catch of mackerel in the waters of the Sunda Strait during the study was 741 kg. The catch size category of fish is in the fishing grounds of Peucang Island, Panaitan Island, Paraja Bay, and Tanjung Alang-Alang. The overall chlorophyll-a content is in the high category. The fishing grounds that are included in the potential category are Peucang Island, Panaitan Island, Tanjung Alang-Alang, and Paraja Bay, while the fishing grounds that do not have the potential are Tanjung Lesung, Sumur, Sebesi, Tanjung Ketapang, dan Rakata.</p> 2021-03-24T15:25:21+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/32663 STRATEGI PENINGKATAN FASILITAS PANGKALAN PENDARATAN IKAN (PPI) KUALA TUHA, KABUPATEN NAGAN RAYA, ACEH 2021-04-29T14:29:32+07:00 Cici Dianita cici.dianita2@gmail.com Ernani Lubis ernani_ipb@yahoo.com Mustaruddin Mustaruddin mus_m03@yahoo.com <p>Activities at the Kuala Tuha Fish Landing Base (PPI) are not optimal because the existing facilities are inadequate, so it needs to be improved again. The purpose of this study was to determine the strategy to improve the PPI Kuala Tuha facility. The research was conducted at PPI Kuala Tuha in February-March 2020 using the case study method. The analysis used is the utilization level and SWOT analysis. The results of the study there are 2 main facilities and 3 functional facilities studied, where all facilities are still inadequate. The results of the calculation of the level of utilization of basic and functional facilities have not been reached optimally. The SWOT analysis produced 8 alternative strategies that could be used to improve basic and functional facilities at PPI Kuala Tuha.</p> 2021-03-24T15:26:03+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/33276 KARAKTERISTIK KIMIA DAN FISIK BUBUK RUMPUT LAUT Gracilaria sp DENGAN AGEN PEMUCAT NaOCl 2021-03-30T13:50:35+07:00 Rifatul Masrikhiyah rifatul.masrikhiyah@gmail.com Anggray Duvita Wahyani anggraydw@gmail.com <p>Brebes regency is one of the seaweed producing areas in Central Java province with seaweed area of 4,350 ha from a pond area of 12,748 ha that produces 200 tons of dried seaweed per month. Seaweed cultivated in Brebes Regency is <em>Gracilaria sp</em>. Seaweed processing is still very limited only dried and not yet known chemical characteristics/nutritional value of seaweed <em>Gracilaria sp</em> from Brebes. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of NaOCl paint agent on the chemical and physical character of seaweed powder. The treatment carried out in this study is the process of painting using a painting agent in the form of NaOCl 1% for 30 minutes and without a painting agent. The experimental design in this study is a Complete RandomIzed Design (RAL) consisting of 2 treatments with 3 replays. There are differences in the chemical and physical characteristics of <em>Gracilaria sp</em> Brebes seaweed powder against moisture content, ash content, fat content, and color with the use of a painting agent and without the use of a painting agent.</p> 2021-03-24T15:26:31+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/33254 ADAPTASI MUSIMAN NELAYAN TRAMMEL NET DI PELABUHAN PERIKANAN SAMUDERA CILACAP 2021-03-25T12:52:31+07:00 Agung Nugraha agungnugrahapsp@gmail.com Prihatin Ika Wahyuningrum piwahyuningrum@apps.ipb.ac.id Domu Simbolon domusimbolon@gmail.com <p>Fishers, including trammel net fishers, have different respond due to seasonal changes. The research aims to calculate shrimp season index, to identify the impact of seasonal changes related to income of trammel net fishers, and to identify the adaptation pattern of trammel net fishers related to shrimp season changes. The data collected were trammel net fishing unit performance, trammel net fisherman adaptation methods, investment data, income, and fishermen's capital as well as trip data and trammel net shrimp production data for five years (2012-2016). Data analysis used fishing season index, fishing season impact related to income of fishers, and fishers adaptation to seasonal changes. The results showed that there are five months were identified as peak season of shrimp i.e. June, September, October, November, and December. Other results showed that seasonal changes have impacted to trammel net fishers income amounted Rp 6.185.800/vessel/trip. At the peak season fishing, fisher income were Rp 6.591.495/vssel/trip, however at the low season fishers income were Rp 405.695/vessel/trip. In addition there were five adaptation pattern related to seasonal changes of trammel net fishers which were 37% lending money and selling stuffs, 33% repairing fishing gear, 13% fishing gear diversification, 10% changing the fishing ground, and 7% income diversification. In conclution that fishers who choose adaptation pattern of fishing gear diversification have the highest income compared to fishers who choose other types of adaptation.</p> 2021-03-24T15:27:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/33317 PENILAIAN PARAMETER ECOFISHINGPORT PADA PELABUHAN PERIKANAN SAMUDERA NIZAM ZACHMAN JAKARTA 2021-03-26T11:20:05+07:00 Retno Muninggar muninggar@apps.ipb.ac.id Ernani Lubis ernani_lubis@apps.ipb.ac.id Budhi Hascaryo Iskandar budhihascaryo@apps.ipb.ac.id <p>Nizam Zachman Oceanic Fishing Port of Jakarta (PPSNZJ) is the largest fishing port in Indonesia, as the center of industry and fishery product exports. On the other hand, PPSNZJ has various environmental problems such as water quality degradation and waste handling. The problem solved by the ecofishingport parameter approach (environmentally friendly port). The objective of the research is to assess the existing conditions of the PPSNZJ based on the ecofishingport parameters by determining the ecofishingport index. The research was carried out from January to March 2017. The data collection used a purposive and accidental sampling method. Data analysis using standard ecofishingport parameters which consisting of the physical environment aspects, socio-economy, fisheries catch, institutional and monitoring. The results showed that score was 0,63 for the environmental aspect, 0,27 for the socio-economic aspect, 0,40 for the fisheries catch aspect, and 0,50 for the institutional and monioring aspect. The analysis of ecofishingport index showed that PPSNZJ obtained an index value of 1.77 (toward ecofishingport).</p> 2021-03-24T15:27:30+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan