Main Article Content

Abstract

Harvesting of cassava is still mostly done manually by pulling cassava stems that are ready to be harvested. This study aimed to determine the amount of force required to pull cassava stems. The research was conducted on farmer's land in Bandar Agung Village, Bandar Sakti District, Central Lampung Regency. A sample of 50 cassava trees was selected to represent the center and four edges of 1-ha area sizing of 50-m x 200-m. Measurement of the pulling force of cassava was carried out using a winch supported by a triangular frame of iron pipe and equipped with a 100-kg chicken scale and rope. Parameters included force to uproot cassava stem, soil moisture content, soil hardness, stem circumference, plant height, and cassava tuber weight. The results showed that the uprooting force of cassava stem ranged from 20 kg (196 N) to 70 kg (686 N) with an average of 44.9 kg (440.2 N). The results also showed that the pulling force of cassava decreased with increasing soil moisture content. Factors of plant height, stem circumference, and tuber weight also had a positive effect on the pulling force of cassava.

Keywords

cassava plant height root weight soil moisture stem circumference

Article Details

Author Biography

Agus Haryanto, University of Lampung

Department of Agricultural and Biosystem Engineering