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The lack of water resource in these past decades encourages the implementation of the precision agriculture system towards the sustainability in palm oil plantation. Therefore, it requires a specific information about the palm oil performance regarding the water balance system that affect the water consumption through the plant root water uptake. However, the prediction of root water uptake distribution is still a challenge. Another method to investigate the soil water dynamics under the plant root system is through the numerical simulations that are widely use to assess the soil water flow of the plant. In alignment with the idea of promoting the sustainable palm oil plantation, the investigation of root water uptake and water content under oil palm tree is highly demanding. As an introduction, through this study, it is find of interest to simulate the root water uptake and water content pattern of oil palm tree using the 2D simulation soil-water flow. The study was performed by applying the 2D simulation soil-water flow model to 17th year old oil palm tree located in Siak, Riau with the loam soil type. The climate data was used as primary data to predict the rate of evapotranspiration. The soil properties and root dimension and distribution of oil palm was taken by the literature study. The simulation over 30 days illustrated the root water uptake distribution, water content change, pressure head and flow velocity. The most intensive root water uptake occurred in the upper root zone of oil palm tree as an impact of the higher root density. The significant root water uptake in the upper root zone lead to the decreasing of water content and increasing of pressure head in the soil. Consequently, there was a change of water flow direction from the wet area in the downward and sideward do dry root zone as the water supply to the oil palm tree.
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