Conservation strategy for Ciliman dam catchment area, Banten
The catchment area (DTA) of the Ciliman Dam in Banten is a source of water for the Ciliman Dam, so it needs to be conserved so that the reliability of Dam can be guaranteed. Changes in land use due to population growth in catchments have led to a decrease in forest area and increased land criticality. The forest area in the catchment is only 2.84% of the catchment area. The objectives of this study are (1) To identify the ecological, social and economic conditions of the Ciliman Dam catchment area; (2) Knowing the status of sustainability in the Ciliman Dam catchment area; (3) Develop sustainable Ciliman Dam catchment area with conservation strategies. The methods used include descriptive analysis, image interpretation, multi dimensional scaling (MDS) analysis, and SWOT analysis. The results of the analysis sustainability of the Ciliman Banten Dam catchment area showed quite sustainable results with a value of 52.52%, with a stress value of 12.98% and an R2 of 95.45%. Based on the results of leverage analysis that shows the value of the attributes that are most sensitive to the sustainability of the catchment area there are 7 attributes of the lever, among others in the ecological dimension there are 3 attributes namely land use, percentage of critical land, and forest area. On the economic dimension there are 2 attributes, namely the number of cooperatives and the farmer exchange rate (NTP), while on the social dimension there are 2 attributes, namely the unemployment rate and the level of education services. The SWOT analysis results for the internal factor analysis summary (IFAS) is 0.74 and the external factor analysis summary (EFAS) is 0.29. Based on the results above, the strategies that need to be implemented are maintain the population growth rate to increase the rate of economic growth in the Ciliman Dam catchment, increasing public knowledge about the importance of sustainable catchments, and utilizing vegetation cover that is still high enough to increase value forest economy for the community.
Asdak. 2010. Hidrologi dan Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai. Yogyakarta. (ID): Gadjah Mada University Press.
Balai Lingkungan Hidup Daerah Provinsi Banten. 2015. Studi Penutupan Lahan DAS Ciliman.
Dinas Sumber Daya Air dan Pemukiman Provinsi Banten. 2015. Studi Komprehensif Pengendalian Daya Rusak Air pada DAS Ciliman.
Kavanagh, P. 2001. Rapid Appraisal of Fisheries (RAPFISH) Project. Fisheries Center, University of British Colombia, Vancouver Canada.
[KLH] Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. 2014. Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Nomor: P.61/Menhut-II/2014 tentang Monitoring dan Evaluasi Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai. Jakarta (ID): Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan.
Pawitan H. 2006. Perubahan Penggunaan Lahan dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Hidrologi DAS. Bogor : Laboratorium Hidrometeorologi, FMIPA, IPB.
Rangkuti F. 2014. Analisis SWOT: Teknik Membedah Kasus Bisnis. Ed ke-18. Jakarta (ID): PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN : 978-979-22-8915-2.
Williams ID, Walsh WJ, Schroeder RE, Friedlander AM. 2008. Assessing the importance of fishing impacts on Hawaiian coral reef fish assemblages along regional-scale human population gradients. J. Environmental Conservation 35(3):261-272.
Zagonari F. 2008. Integrated coastal management: Top-down vs community based approaches. J of Environmental Management 88(4):796-804.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).