Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli <p><img style="vertical-align: top; float: left; margin-right: 10px;" src="/public/site/images/adminarl/cover_apr2017_web.jpg" alt="" width="150"></p> <p align="justify">Welcome to Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI). We are a leading Landscape Architectural Journal in Indonesia. The JLI is a periodical scientific peer reviewed publication hosted by Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University collaborate with the Indonesian Society of Landscape Architects (IALI). The journal's aimed to enhance conceptual, scientific understanding and application in developing sustainable landscapes as a solution to landscape change. Various scientific disciplines and perspectives are needed to understand the landscape and harmonize the social and ecological values to ensure landscape sustainability. The articles with themes in Landscape Planning, Design, Management, and Landscape Plants; Planning and Development of urban and rural areas; Ecology and environment; Landscape ecological engineering; The history and culture of the landscape are welcome to submit to this journal. <strong>The JLI has also been accredited by General Higher Eduation, Research and Tecnology with Decree No. 158/E/KPT/2021 valid from Vol. 13 No. 1&nbsp; Year 2021 until 2025 (SINTA 3).</strong></p> en-US <p>This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.&nbsp;However, after the article is submitted and published in this journal, it is fully copyrighted by the Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia or JLI. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author must obtain written permission from the copyright owner and give credit to the source in the article. Then, the writer or reader is allowed to copy, share, and redistribute articles/material in any form. But it must still include the appropriate source and credit because the article in this journal is licensed by <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>&nbsp;(CC BY 4.0).</p> <h4>I. Proposed Policy for Journals That Offer Open Access</h4> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <h4>II. Proposed Policy for Journals That Offer Delayed Open Access</h4> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work after publication simultaneously licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> kaswanto@apps.ipb.ac.id (Dr. Kaswanto) j.lanskapindonesia@apps.ipb.ac.id (Gita Mukti Rahayu) Sun, 01 Oct 2023 17:31:02 +0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Identification of Object and Tourist Attractions for Agrotourism Development of High Potential Village in Batang Onang Sub-district https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/41770 <p><em>As an agricultural and tourism area, Batang Onang Sub-district has six villages with a high potential classification. Agrotourism promoted based on the relationship between agriculture and tourism. Agrotourism in this sub-district developed by integrating existing potential objects with agricultural activities to be a new tourist attraction. This study aims to identify potential objects and tourist attractions for the development of agrotourism in this sub-district. This study used Analysis of Potential Objects and Tourist Attractions (ODTW) and Analysis of Potential Objects and Natural Tourist and attractions (ODTW-A). The results showed that three villages have a high potential classification in Batang Onang Sub-district (50%) for agrotourism development while the other three villages have a low potential. There are natural attractions, historical/archeological tourism, and educational tours that can be integrated with agrotourism activities to be developed in this sub-district. This study concludes that the interested criteria for agrotourism are natural beauty, distance and travel time, supporting facilities, types of tourism activities, and accessibility which all have high values in agrotourism development. Each village that has high scores will be proposed for agrotourism development, while those with low scores will be proposed for supporting agrotourism development in this sub-district.</em></p> Putri Fikadilah Siregar, Tati Budiarti, Bambang Sulistyantara Copyright (c) 2023 Putri Fikadilah Siregar, Tati Budiarti, Bambang Sulistyantara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/41770 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Evaluasi Komposisi Elemen Lanskap Kandang Peragaan Taman Margasatwa Ragunan Berbasis Preferensi Pengunjung https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/42198 <p style="font-weight: 400;"><em>The shifting of the zoo perspective, from entertainment to being more conservation-oriented has brought positive impacts to environmental conservation. However, it also brought conflict where the need in improving animal welfare contradicted the efforts in increasing visitor satisfaction. This research aimed to evaluate the landscape element of zoo exhibits based on visitor preference as an alternative way to pursue a balance between this conflict. This research was conducted in Ragunan Zoo, Indonesia from 2019 to 2022. Two phases of the questionnaire were conducted during the research. The first questionnaire with a total of 99 respondents resulted that tiger, giraffe, and elephant became the most favorite animals. In opposite, snake, crocodile, and long-tailed macaque became the least favorite animals. In addition, the favorite landscape elements of the zoo’s exhibits were trees, water features, and woods/ log piles; while the least favorite landscape elements were stones, toys (environmental enrichment), and shrubs/climber plants. An in-depth questionnaire was conducted with a total of 37 respondents to understand the preference of landscape elements for visitor satisfaction and animal welfare through exhibit design model simulation. The study found that most respondents showed a positive value on high naturalistic exhibit design for animal welfare. However, the value of high naturalistic exhibits was lower when it comes to visitor satisfaction. It indicated that the presence of trees might reduce visitor’s visibility and overall satisfaction. The result of favorite and least favorite landscape elements slightly varies compared to the first questionnaire. Trees and water features became a consistent favorite landscape element, while toys became the least favorite one. However, the result was the opposite in the shrubs/climber plants element, as in this questionnaire, this element had a positive result in the most of evidence. In the case of stone and wood, the result might vary on animal species and the total area of the zoo’s exhibit.</em></p> Sholihin Nafar, Andi Gunawan, Nurhayati Copyright (c) 2023 Sholihin Nafar, Andi Gunawan, Nurhayati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/42198 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Kajian Desain Healing Garden di RSUD Ahmad Yani sebagai Media Terapi Psikologis Berdasarkan Persepsi dan Preferensi Tenaga Kesehatan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/42211 <p><em>In urban communities, the Covid-19 pandemic has caused psychological and mental disorders. Health workers are most affected and vulnerable to psychological disorders, especially those working at Covid-19 referral hospitals such as the Ahmad Yani Hospital. As a result, psychological therapy facilities or media that can improve the psychological health of health workers are needed. The research aimed to determine the urgency and need for healing gardens among health workers, to know about health workers' perceptions and preferences regarding healing garden design, and make recommendations on criteria and design concepts for healing gardens in the Ahmad Yani Hospital area. The study's methods included the distribution of questionnaires and interviews. Descriptive analysis with crosstabulation and frequency techniques is used. A healing garden in the Ahmad Yani Hospital area is regarded as necessary as a psychological therapy medium for improving the psychological health of health workers. During the Covid-19 pandemic in the hospital environment, 97.3% of participants said they needed a green open space that functions as a relaxation area to improve psychological health, and 94.6% said they needed a healing garden. Colour parameters, materials, concepts, space, plants, plant strata, plant functions, facilities, areas/locations, and healing garden criteria are all preferences for health workers. Health workers' preferences for healing garden design are generally relatively consistent across gender and age groups. A nature-oriented healing garden design is the recommended healing garden design for the Ahmad Yani Hospital area (biophilic design).</em></p> Indah Nurrohimah, Indung Sitti Fatimah, Prita Indah Pratiwi Copyright (c) 2023 Indah Nurrohimah, Indung Sitti Fatimah, Prita Indah Pratiwi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/42211 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Kesesuaian Lahan Lanskap Wisata Pantai Lenggoksono Berbasis Sistem Informasi Geografi Desa Purwodadi, Kabupaten Malang https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/42500 <p><em>Purwodadi Village is located in Malang Regency, East Java which has the potential of a very beautiful coastal landscape as a tourist attraction. One of the advantages of Purwodadi Village is that there is a Lenggoksono beach which has natural and cultural potential as a tourist attraction. However, currently the development of the Lenggoksono beach tourism area has not been accompanied by an analysis of land suitability as a tourist attraction. The purpose of the research is to analyze the sustainable land suitability of the Lenggoksono coastal tourism landscape in Purwodadi Village, Malang Regency. The method used is field observation and interviews with the Malang district government. Data analysis is the physical aspect consisting of topographic analysis, beach width, beach type, water base material, beach depth, water brightness, coastal slope, current speed, dangerous biota, fresh water availability, and vegetation. Data analysis was carried out spatially with a land cover approach through a Geographic Information System (GIS). The results showed that the land suitability of the Lenggokson beach tourism area was classified as potential with an area of </em><em>​​</em><em>10.6 ha (52.8%) and quite potential with an area of </em><em>​​</em><em>9.5 ha (47.2%) of the total area of </em><em>​​</em><em>21.1 ha. This shows that the Lenggoksono beach area has the potential to be developed as a sustainable beach tourism landscape by considering the carrying capacity of the area.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Debora Budiyono, Hendra Kurniawan, Astri Sumiati, Hendrikus Ngaga Copyright (c) 2023 Debora Budiyono, Hendra Kurniawan, Astri Sumiati, Hendrikus Ngaga https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/42500 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Strategi Pengelolaan Lanskap Berkelanjutan di Danau Lido Cigombong, Bogor https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/42782 <p><em>The utilization of Lido Lake will continue to grow, particularly in the tourism aspect, strenghtened by the 2016-2036 Bogor Regency Spatial Planning (RTRW) and the Government Regulation No. 69 of 2021 which have stipulated it to be a tourism area and a special economic tourism area, respectively. </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>However, at the same time increased garbage accumulation at its lakeside, wastes entering the waters and sedimentation have become prominent problems.</em> <em>&nbsp;This study aim</em><em>ed</em><em> to develop a management strategy so that the sustainability of Lido Lake can be maintained facing development changes. The SWOT method was used to identify and to analyze the existing internal and external factors in Lido lake including lake's biophysical conditions and preferences/participation of people around the lake. The evaluation of the internal and external factors placed Lido lake in quadrant V forming a strategy to sustain and to maintain. The SWOT matrix&nbsp; recommend 6 management strategies i.e. (1) developing ecotourism as the basis for tourism, (2) implementing and managing environmentally friendly cage fish farming systems, (3) controlling sedimentation in lake waters, (4) Making building design directions on the lakeside, (5) managing the causes of degradation in lake water catchment areas, (6) providing facilities and infrastructure for waste control</em><em>.</em></p> Muhammad Haekal Syawie, Hadi Susilo Arifin, Yuli Suharnoto Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Haekal Syawie, Hadi Susilo Arifin, Yuli Suharnoto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/42782 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Perencanaan Model Bisnis Konsultan Arsitektur Lanskap di Lagom Landscape Desain https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/43412 <p><em>The Covid-19 pandemic affected the economy which resulted in the decline of construction work. This affected Lagom Landscape Design (LLD) business practices. This research aims to formulate a new business model which can be used as a business model of Lagom Landscape Design in the future. This descriptive qualitative research used purposive sampling as the technique of determining respondents, based on the Business Model Canvas (BMC) approach, which was equipped with SWOT analysis and Blue Ocean Strategy (BOS). New business model using BMC is determined in consideration of the market segment and key activities as the key factors. The result of the research indicates that the customer segment of LLD has changed to private sectors, developers, hospitality business and government projects. LLD need to reach a wider range of customers by diversifying its key activities to increase the revenue strams and create a brand image and awareness. The empirical result of this study is to contribute ideas for broadening the insights about the business development strategy of landscape architecture consultant.</em></p> Amelia Utami Geraldine Mandagi, Harianto Harianto, Siti Jahroh Copyright (c) 2023 Amelia Utami Geraldine Mandagi, Harianto Harianto, Siti Jahroh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/43412 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Perencanaan Jalur Hijau Kota Wisata Cibubur Berbasis Prediksi Kapasitas Serapan NO2 Melalui Analisis Menggunakan Software CITYgreen https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/43633 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><em>Emissions can have a negative impact on the Environment and Health. Compounds which can harm human health are sulfur oxides (SOx) nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon oxides (COx), hydrocarbons (HC), heavy metals (Pb) and particulates. These compounds can have bad effects in a densely populated area such as in a housing complex.. This study aims to determine plant species along the main road of Kota Wisata Cibubur, predict the amount of emissions in Kota Wisata Cibubur’s main roads, and to give a planting recommendation which can decrease NO2 emission. The benefit of this research is as a recommendation to the real estate company to give more benefits for the residents in the housing estate in terms of planting the types of plant which can absorb NO<sub>2 </sub>emission. The research method used is descriptive quantitative method in which the planning process for this research consists of objectives, inventory, analysis, synthesis, and planning. The highest NO<sub>2</sub> emission recorded was 85,119.91 kg/year. Emissions absorbed is still not sufficient emough despite after adding plants to the available open green spaces. Therefore, it is necessary to add plants in a radius of 500 m from the main road because NO<sub>2 </sub>emissions can have an impact on health in a radius of 500 m. Along the radius, there are varieties of ground covers which are garden, built areas, streets, open areas, and moor. The concept for planting in each ground covers will vary. Just like the planting recommendation in the main access road, the plants used will be according to the standard of the plants which can optimally absorb NO<sub>2</sub>. Plants which are suitable to absorb NO<sub>2 </sub>emissions and are mostly used are dadap (Erythrina variegata), Ki Hujan (Samanea saman), ylang-ylang (Cananga odorata), and Flamboyant (Delonix regia).</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Khanh Rizky Ramadhani Wibowo, Bambang Sulistyantara Copyright (c) 2023 Khanh Rizky Ramadhani Wibowo, Bambang Sulistyantara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/43633 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Kajian Karakteristik Lanskap Umah Pitu Ruang (UPR) Umah Edet Reje Baluntara di Desa Toweren Uken Kecamatan Lut Tawar Kabupaten Aceh Tengah https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/44561 <p><em>Umah Pitu Ruang</em><em>(UPR)</em><em> is a traditional</em><em> house</em><em> of the Gayo people, Central Aceh, and one of the cultural heritage of the Gayo tribe which is almost extinct. Much research has been conducted on the architecture of UPR, but research on the landscape characteristics of UPR in Gayo, Central Aceh is still limited. </em><em>Whereas </em><em>landscape characteristics are also an important element in studying </em><em>and identifying</em><em> UPR. One of UPR that still exists is Umah Edet Reje Baluntara in the village of Toweren Uken. This study aims to determine the characteristics of the landscape at UPR based on the results of interviews, observations, and documentation studies on Umah Edet Reje Baluntara. </em><em>The results</em><em> are</em> <em>the</em><em> identification of</em> <em>landscape character of UPR</em><em>, the </em><em>landscape </em><em>elements on the UPR</em><em> homegarden</em><em>, and the function of the outer space of UPR. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that: The landscape characteristics of UPR Baluntara include macro and micro conditions. Hardscape elements consist of an artificial pond, Mersah, Doyah/Joyah, chicken coop, walkways, and rocks</em><em>, w</em><em>hile the </em><em>s</em><em>oftscape elements are: guava trees, coconut trees, orange groves, herbs, medicinal herbs, and rivers. As for the outdoor function of UPR, it is a space that is used for various types of activities. A study of landscape characteristics can be proposed and used as a reference for the traditional landscape of Gayo Traditional Houses.</em></p> Resi Selvi Yanti, Pratitou Arafat, Elysa Wulandari Copyright (c) 2023 Resi Selvi Yanti, Pratitou Arafat, Elysa Wulandari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/44561 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Peran Budaya dalam Perubahan Penggunaan Lahan di Permukiman Adat Kasepuhan Ciptagelar Sukabumi https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/46131 <p><em>Kasepuhan Ciptagelar has unique customs and culture that are still maintained today and does not close itself from the development of the times, but accepts it consciously. Over time, traditional settlements are faced with challenges to be able to meet their needs. This can change land use in this traditional settlement. This study aims to determine changes in land use and its relation to cultural factors. This research uses qualitative methods. The research was conducted in Kasepuhan Ciptagelar traditional settlement area between of 2001 to 2022. The research was carried out by reconstructing land use maps in Kasepuhan Ciptagelar which then identified changes from year to year. Furthermore, an analysis of the cultural factor in influencing land use changes in these settlements is carried out. The results of the analysis shows that during the research period there has been a continuous land use change. Cultural factors also influence the land use changes. The ngalalakon tradition became a major factor in the early period of settlement development. The perspective of accepting changes of era by the Ciptagelar community can be interpreted as an adaptation of settlements to keep up with the times and this perspective also makes continuous changes to Kasepuhan Ciptagelar.</em></p> Sahebat Noviyanto Saputro, Bambang Hari Wibisono Copyright (c) 2023 Sahebat Noviyanto Saputro, Bambang Hari Wibisono https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/46131 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Produksi Tanaman Cabai Rawit Pada Pola Lanskap Agroforestri Tanaman Karet https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/46641 <p><em>The application of agroforestry landscape pattern for rubber plant with cayenne pepper plant has an effect on productivity and land use level compared to monoculture system. This reaserch aims to obtain data on the production of cayenne pepper plants in rubber plants agroforestry system and compare it with monoculture systems. The research was located in Sumber Sari Village, Sebulu District, Kutai Kartanegara Regency with two planting system treatments (P), it’s monoculture system planting (p1) and rubber plants agroforestry system (p2) with 6 plots as replicates each. The variables measured were the production of cayenne pepper plants until the 5th (fifth) harvest based on the average sample. Data were analyzed using the Independent Sample t-test with a significant level (α) of 5%. Production of cayenne pepper plants in rubber plants agroforestry system reached 2.32 Mg.ha<sup>-1</sup> which was greater than monoculture system with a production of 1.46 Mg.ha<sup>-1</sup> with F-Count 1.74 and F- Table 7.15. This is due to the growth environmental conditions and photosynthetic efficiency, with a higher daily temperature of 30<sup>0</sup>C in monoculture system, it will slow down of photosynthesis and accelerate respiration rate, whereas the daily temperature in an agroforestry planting system with rubber plants is only 26<sup>0</sup>C, so that the photosynthesis rate is higher than respiration rate, because the optimum temperature for cayenne pepper plants photosynthetic is 21-27<sup>0</sup>C. Cayenne pepper plants in agroforestry landscape pattern for rubber plant were able to produce better yields than monoculture planting systems based on two average similarity test.</em></p> Yulius Budi Prastiyo, Alvera Prihatini Dewi Nazari, Hadi Pranoto, Monika Agustia, Muh. Dzulkifly Ashan, Susi Indriani Copyright (c) 2023 Yulius Budi Prastiyo, Alvera Prihatini Dewi Nazari, Hadi Pranoto, Monika Agustia, Muh. Dzulkifly Ashan, Susi Indriani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/46641 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700