Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><em><strong>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </strong></em>-in English translated to Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food- is the official publication of The Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia in collaboration with the Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology (FEMA), IPB University. This journal focuses its main research in the fields of nutrition and food. Scientific peer-reviewed articles are published routinely three times per year in March, July, and November. The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food has been accredited since May 11th, 2023 by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of Indonesia (Decree Number 79/E/KPT/2023).</p> <p><em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> is currently indexed in <a href="https://mjl.clarivate.com:/search-results?issn=1978-1059&amp;hide_exact_match_fl=true&amp;utm_source=mjl&amp;utm_medium=share-by-link&amp;utm_campaign=search-results-share-this-journal">Web of Science (ESCI=Emerging Sources Citation Index)</a>, <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2407-0920?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22filtered%22%3A%7B%22filter%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22terms%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%5B%221978-1059%22%2C%222407-0920%22%5D%7D%7D%2C%7B%22term%22%3A%7B%22_type%22%3A%22article%22%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22query%22%3A%7B%22match_all%22%3A%7B%7D%7D%7D%7D%2C%22size%22%3A100%2C%22_source%22%3A%7B%7D%7D">DOAJ</a>,<a href="http://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail?id=784"> Science and Technology Index (SINTA)</a>, <a href="http://portalgaruda.fti.unissula.ac.id/?ref=browse&amp;mod=viewjournal&amp;journal=199">Indonesian Publication Index (IPI)</a>,<a href="https://research.ebsco.com/c/ylm4lv/search/results?q=Jurnal%20Gizi%20dan%20Pangan&amp;autocorrect=y&amp;facetFilter=Journal%3Aam91cm5hbCBvZiBudXRyaXRpb24gJiBmb29kIC8ganVybmFsIGdpemkgZGFuIHBhbmdhbg%3D%3D&amp;limiters=RV%3AY&amp;qm=W3sidmFsdWUiOiJKdXJuYWwgR2l6aSBkYW4gUGFuZ2FuIiwidHlwZSI6InRleHQifV0%3D&amp;resetPageNumber=true&amp;searchSegment=all-results&amp;skipResultsFetch=true"> EBSO</a>, and <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=_nQ6IU4AAAAJ&amp;hl=id">Google Scholar</a>, and other scientific databases.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify">In order to ensure the quality of the manuscripts, the journal uses <a href="https://www.turnitin.com/">Similarity Check</a> to prevent any suspected plagiarism.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> has a competent Board of Editors coming from nutritional and food sciences. The board consists of a variety of experts from institutions related to food and nutrition. This Journal is managed by the Editorial Team with high commitment. Lecturers, researchers, and scientists are welcome to publish their scientific articles here in the Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/1978-1059">P-ISSN: 1978-1059&nbsp;</a> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2407-0920">E-ISSN: 2407-0920</a></p> Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia en-US Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan 1978-1059 Assessment of Adult Individuals' Fear of COVID-19, Healthy Living Behaviors, and Nutrition Knowledge Levels during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/49371 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study determines the fear of COVID-19, healthy lifestyle behaviors, and nutrition knowledge levels of individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study was conducted involving 509 people between the ages of 18 and 64 from December 2020 to April 2021. Data were collected online using a descriptive characteristics form, the COVID-19 Fear Scale, the Adult Nutrition Knowledge Level Scale, and the Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II. It was found from the study that women feared COVID-19 more than men (p&lt;0.05). Individuals aged 35–44 scored higher in basic nutrition knowledge, while those aged 18‒24 scored lower in food preference knowledge (p&lt;0.05). It was also found that individuals who were between 55 and 64 years of age, married, highly educated, employed in the public sector, of good economic status, and ill scored higher on the Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II (p&lt;0.05). A weak positive correlation was found between the score of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale and scores of both food preference knowledge and health responsibility sub-dimensions (r=0.088, r=0.181; p&lt;0.05). A weak positive correlation was also found between the nutrition knowledge score as well as the different sub-dimensions and the total score of the Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II (r=0.164, r=0.196; p&lt;0.05). It was observed that fear of COVID-19, nutrition knowledge level, and healthy lifestyle behaviors were influenced by various socio-demographic characteristics, and that there was a relationship between these three elements.</p> Ayşe Saltekin Nural Erzurum Alim Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 19 1 1 10 10.25182/jgp.2024.19.1.1-10 Nutritional Assessment among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patient in Southeast Asian Countries: A Scoping Review https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/49565 <p style="text-align: justify;">This scoping review aims to determine the available nutritional assessments for people with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) in Southeast Asian countries. The methodology used for this research was based on the PRISMA-ScR standards. An extensive electronic search was carried out for papers published between 2012 and 2022 that pertained to studies conducted in Southeast Asian countries and were written in English. The eligibility criteria for this review were T2DM patients aged 20 years and older. The search was carried out using PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. Hence, out of 5,445, fourteen articles met the eligibility requirements of the analysis. According to the findings, twelve studies used anthropometry measurements and biochemical tests, followed by eight studies using clinical assessments and four studies using dietary assessments. The research utilized various nutritional assessment methods such as weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), waist and hip circumference, body fat percentage, Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG), Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c), lipid profiles, Blood Pressure (BP), 3-day and 24-hour dietary recall. This review examined how the available nutritional assessments for T2DM are frequently carried out in Southeast Asian countries. The review discovered that weight, height, BMI, waist and hip circumference, FBG, HbA1c, BP, and 3-day dietary recall are the most commonly reported nutritional assessment methods.</p> Noorul Aysha Arifin Juliana Shamsudin Marina Abdul Manaf Syahmina Rasudin Siti Suhaila Mohd Yusoff Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 19 1 11 20 10.25182/jgp.2024.19.1.11-20 Physicochemical Properties, Glycaemic Index and Glycaemic Load of Chocolate Energy Bars Prepared with High Polyphenols Cocoa Powder and Guar Gum https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/50867 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to determine the physicochemical properties, Glycaemic Index (GI) and Glycaemic Load (GL) of chocolate energy bars prepared with different percentages of guar gum (0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%) and high polyphenols cocoa powder. Proximate analysis was determined following the official methods Association of Official Analytical (AOAC). Ten eligible respondents who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria participated in the GI and GL determination. Test and reference food were given to the participants after overnight fasting. Blood capillary finger pricks were drawn for 7 interval time at 0 until 120 min. The blood glucose responses were calculated based on Incremental Area Under Curve (IAUC). The result revealed that the fat and calorie content were significantly lower in formulations with highest guar gum percentage (p˂0.05). On the other hands the moisture, ash, carbohydrate contents, crude fibre, energy value, hardness, fracturability, pH value, and colour were all comparable to the control sample. The control and chocolate energy bars with 0.5% guar gum were in the category of high GI and GL. Whereas, the chocolate energy bars with 1.0% and 1.5% guar gum were in the medium category for both GI and GL. This study demonstrated that incorporating different percentages of guar gum in the high polyphenols chocolate energy bar changed some of the proximate compositions but not the physical properties. Furthermore, addition of guar gum affected the GI and GL as the values were reduced with the increased amount of guar gum.</p> Intan Anis Binti Mohd Saupi Ainul Mufidah Binti Mohd Hazidi Abbe Maleyki Mhd Jalil Hasmiza Binti Halib Napisah Hussin Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 19 1 21 30 10.25182/jgp.2024.19.1.21-30 Intervention with Purple Okra Pudding and Supplement to Improve Antioxidant Status in Healthy Adults https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/50575 <p style="text-align: justify;">This research aimed to analyze the potency of purple okra-based products in improving the antioxidant status of healthy adults. Thirty adults with high body fat percentages were allocated into three groups: the first group was treated with 100 g of purple okra pudding/day, the second group was provided with a purple okra extract supplement that contained 3.80 g of extract/day, and the third group was a control group. The intervention was carried out for 28 days. All subjects were exposed to nutrition education, and data on their characteristics, food intake, and physical activity level were collected. The results showed that purple okra pudding and supplement had antioxidant activity of 0.39 and 455.39 mg AEAC/g extract, IC50 of 543.79 and 71.78 ppm, and total phenol of 6.21 and 24.49 mg GAE/g extract, respectively. There were significant differences among subject groups in energy, protein, and fat intake as well as physical activity level. The group treated with purple okra pudding showed a significantly higher ΔSOD after the intervention, most probably due to the role of antioxidants contained in purple okra in upregulating antioxidant defense. In contrary, there was a declining trend of ΔSOD in the group treated with purple okra extract supplement. The different effects observed between the two groups might be due to the different phenol contents between the two intervention products. This study showed that purple okra has the potential as a functional food and health supplement in improving the antioxidant status of healthy adults with high body fat percentages as indicated by a higher change of SOD level (0.08 u/mL) in comparison to the control (-0.07 u/mL).</p> Evy Damayanthi Mira Dewi Muhammad Aries Zuraidah Nasution Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 19 1 31 40 10.25182/jgp.2024.19.1.31-40 Dietary Adherence in Children with Amino Acid Metabolism Disorders and its Impact on Caregivers’ Quality of Life https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/49013 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study explored the relationship among socio-demographic factors, patients’ dietary adherence, and the Quality of Life (QoL) experienced by their caregivers. A cross-sectional study was carried out, involving 66 caregivers of pediatric patients in Malaysia diagnosed Amino Acid Metabolism Disorders (AAMDs). Dietary adherence was assessed using a modified version of the Malaysia Medication Adherence Assessment Tool (MyMAAT-12), and the caregiver’s QoL was evaluated using the 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF 36) questionnaire. Majority of the patients were Malay (75.76%), and female (59.1%). Statistical analysis found that caregivers with a higher education level were associated with a higher dietary adherence (rs (64)=0.382, p=0.002) and better mental health (rs (64)=0.281, p=0.022). The age of patients had negative significant correlation with the physical function and general health (rs (64)=0.287, p=0.019) of their caregivers. Besides that, dietary adherence was negatively correlated with social functioning (p=0.010), role limited due to physical health (p=0.018), role limited due to emotional problems (p=0.022), vitality (p=0.021), mental health (p=0.014) and pain (p=0.011). Conclusion: Dietary adherence had a significant impact on the QoL for caregivers of patients with amino acid metabolism disorders. Therefore, it is crucial to explore appropriate treatment strategies and provide support to enhance patients' adherence to their dietary requirements, simultaneously improving the caregivers' QoL.</p> Chien Yin Yong Roslee Rajikan Jing Ying Lim Hanis Mastura Yahya Shazli Ezzat Ghazali Huey Yin Leong Maslina Mohamad Rufaidah Md. Rani Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 19 1 41 50 10.25182/jgp.2024.19.1.41-50 Influencing Factors for Malnutrition in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/49821 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study reviewed the evidence on influencing factors for malnutrition in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients. A systematic search of PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform for English and Chinese language observational studies published from 1966 to 2022 was conducted. RevMan 5.4.1 software was used for statistical analysis. A total of 13 observational studies with 7,790 study participants were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. Seven risk factors and two protective factors related to malnutrition were identified. Age (OR=1.29; 95% CI:1.03–1.61), required feeding assistance (OR=3.33: 95% CI:2.55–4.35), living status (with family) (OR=0.49; 95% CI:0.34–0.71), protein intake (OR=0.89; 95% CI:0.85–0.94), comorbidities (OR=1.78; 95% CI:1.03–3.07), long dialysis duration (OR=1.61; 95% CI:1.16–2.24), inadequate dialysis (OR=1.25; 95% CI:1.12–1.40), hemoglobin level (OR=1.84; 95% CI:0.92–3.66), and depression (OR=3.44; 95% CI:2.21–5.34) were associated with an increased influence of malnutrition among CKD patients. This review provides comprehensive evidence of potential influencing factors of malnutrition among CKD patients</p> Zhu Shengrui Dariah Mohd Yusoff Kueh Yee Cheng Hafzan Yusoff Chen Hongfang Tang Wenzhen Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 19 1 51 60 10.25182/jgp.2024.19.1.51-60 Effect of Sacha Inchi Oil on Human Blood Pressure and Lipid Profile: A Preliminary Study in Malaysia https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/51889 <p style="text-align: justify;">This uncontrolled pre-post study aimed to assess changes in blood lipid profiles and blood pressure resulting from a 2-month consumption of Sacha Inchi Oil (SIO) (Plukenetia volubilis). Investigating the effects of SIO on Malaysians is essential for tailoring interventions to the local context, considering genetic, cultural, and dietary differences. A total of 13 adult participants, comprising 8 males and 5 females aged 35 to 74 years old, took part in this intervention study. Each participant was instructed to consume 2 softgels daily, with each softgel containing 530 mg of SIO. Blood lipid profiles and blood pressure were measured at baseline and at the end of the 2-month period, utilizing venipuncture for blood tests and a sphygmomanometer for blood pressure assessment. The results indicated a significant reduction in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) levels following SIO supplementation (2 softgels daily) (p&lt;0.05). However, there were no notable improvements in Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP), Total Cholesterol (TC), Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C), High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C), and Triglycerides (TG) after the 2-month supplementation. In conclusion, the daily supplementation of 2 softgels of SIO (1,060 mg) for 2 months demonstrated a beneficial effect on blood pressure, particularly in reducing SBP. These findings serve as preliminary data for future research into the potential health benefits of SIO in the Malaysian population.</p> Cheong Yi En Nur Ayuni Binti Udin Divya A/P Vanoh Soo Kah Leng Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 19 1 61 68 10.25182/jgp.2024.19.1.61-68 [JGP] Front Matter https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/54770 <p>-</p> Prof. Dr. Dodik Briawan, MCN Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-04-02 2024-04-02 19 1 [JGP] Back Matter https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/54771 <p>-</p> Prof. Dr. Dodik Briawan, MCN Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-04-02 2024-04-02 19 1