Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><em><strong>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </strong></em>-in English translated to Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food- is the official publication of The Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia in collaboration with the Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology (FEMA), IPB University. This journal focuses its main research in the fields of nutrition and food. Scientific peer-reviewed articles are published routinely three times per year in March, July, and November. The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food has been <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BzgZ-1oM5jwVQzgxSi1LMEZ3Sm8/view" target="_blank" rel="noopener">accredited</a> since February 11th, 2015 by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of Indonesia (Decree Number 12/M/Kp/II/2015).</p> <p><em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> is currently indexed in <a href="https://mjl.clarivate.com:/search-results?issn=1978-1059&amp;hide_exact_match_fl=true&amp;utm_source=mjl&amp;utm_medium=share-by-link&amp;utm_campaign=search-results-share-this-journal">Clarivate Analytics under the category of Emerging Sources Citation Index</a>, <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2407-0920?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22filtered%22%3A%7B%22filter%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22terms%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%5B%221978-1059%22%2C%222407-0920%22%5D%7D%7D%2C%7B%22term%22%3A%7B%22_type%22%3A%22article%22%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22query%22%3A%7B%22match_all%22%3A%7B%7D%7D%7D%7D%2C%22size%22%3A100%2C%22_source%22%3A%7B%7D%7D">DOAJ</a>,<a href="http://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail?id=784"> Science and Technology Index (SINTA)</a>, <a href="http://portalgaruda.fti.unissula.ac.id/?ref=browse&amp;mod=viewjournal&amp;journal=199">Indonesian Publication Index (IPI)</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=_nQ6IU4AAAAJ&amp;hl=id">Google Scholar</a>, and other scientific databases.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify">In order to ensure the quality of the manuscripts, the journal uses <a href="https://www.turnitin.com/">Similarity Check</a> to prevent any suspected plagiarism.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> has a competent Board of Editors coming from nutritional and food sciences. The board consists of a variety of experts from institutions related to food and nutrition. This Journal is managed by the Editorial Team with high commitment. Lecturers, researchers, and scientists are welcome to publish their scientific articles here in the Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1180425503">P-ISSN: 1978-1059&nbsp;</a> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1414463903">E-ISSN: 2407-0920</a></p> Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia en-US Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan 1978-1059 Correlation between Blood Glucose Level and Short-Term Memory Score among 4th and 5th Grades of Primary School Children in Bogor, Indonesia https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/36503 <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aimed to analyze the correlation between Blood Glucose levels (BG) and Short-Term Memory scores (STM) among primary school children in Bogor, as controlled by Socioeconomic Status (SES), BMI-for-age (BAZ), Hemoglobin (Hb), folate, and vitamin B12 levels. It was a cross-sectional study applied for 915 students of the 4th–5th grades from 16 primary schools in the suburban area of the Cijeruk district. Morning blood samples were drawn from venous puncture of the inner arm. The specimens were then transported to laboratories to analyze the BG (hexokinase methods), Hb (non-cyanide Hb), as well as folate, and vitamin B12 using Liquid Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry. The STM was obtained through an object recall test performed by trained psychologists. The actual body weight and height were measured to determine BAZ. The characteristics of subjects and their SES were collected through interviews and structured questionnaires. Mann-Whitney and Chi-square tests were performed to compare differences between variables that were grouped by genders. Correlations between predictors and predicted variables were analyzed using simple logistic regression for the bivariates analysis and a binary logistic regression test for the multivariate analysis. There were significant differences in BAZ, BG, and STM between boys and girls (p&lt;0.05). Most of the subject's BAZ was normal (85.2%). About 50.9% of subjects had normal Hb, 99.8% had folate deficiency, 47.8% had normal vitamin B12 level, and 54.9% had good STM score. There was no significant correlation between BAZ, Hb, folate, and vitamin B12 level with STM (p≥0.05), respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between BG and STM (p&lt;0.05; OR=1.583; 95% CI:1.067−2.348) after being controlled by BAZ, subject’s characteristic, and SES. In conclusion, optimum blood glucose level improved the STM in primary school children. Therefore, provision of balanced diet, more especially breakfast, for school children is highly important.</p> Hanifah Al Khairiyah Hardinsyah Hardinsyah Mira Dewi Dewi Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-03-25 2022-03-25 17 1 1 10 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.1.1-10 Higher Parental Age and Lower Educational Level are Associated with Underweight among Preschool Children in Terengganu, Malaysia https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/38155 <p style="text-align: justify;">This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the determinants of underweight among preschool children. A total of 218 preschool children were enrolled. Their sociodemographic data were collected using self-reported questionnaires whilst body weight and height were measured, recorded and the BMI for-age z-score was calculated using WHO AnthroPlus software. Of all preschool children participants, 47.7% were male and 53.3% were female. Most of them were Malays (99.5%), aged 4 to &lt;5 years (40.8%) and came from low-income household (92.7%). Overall, the prevalence of underweight, normal, overweight and obese was 17.9%, 73.8%, 4.6% and 3.7% respectively. The underweight prevalence was higher than the national prevalence (13.7%). Of all parent participants, 12.4% were male and 87.6% were female. Most of them aged 30−39 years (55.5%) and did not hold a degree (89.4%). Multivariate logistic regression showed that parental age and their level of education were the determinants of childhood underweight. The risk of being underweight increased with the age of parents (p=0.033) and lower level of education of parents (p=0.042). In conclusion, this study found that underweight among preschool children was mainly associated with parental factors. Hence, designing a special nutritional intervention program involving older parents and lower education levels could overcome this problem.</p> Rose Haniza Mohamad Bibi Nabihah Abdul Hakim Amal K. Mitra Mohd. Razif Shahril Wan Mohd. Izani Wan Mohamed Sharifah Wajihah Wafa Syed Saadun Tarek Wafa Marissa Burgermaster Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-03-25 2022-03-25 17 1 11 18 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.1.11-18 The Effect of Sports Drink Gel Treatment from Chia Seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) on the VO2 Max Capacity of Football and Futsal Players https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/37842 <p style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of sports energy gel drink from chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) on the VO2 max capacity of football and futsal players in Semarang. This is a quasi-experimental research using a crossover design on twenty-two (22) football and futsal players residing in Semarang, Indonesia. The duration of the study was five weeks, whereby 22 subjects in the control group were given 300 ml of mineral water added with butterfly pea extract as natural colorant, while another 22 subjects in the treatment group were given 300 ml of sports gel drink from chia seed 30 minutes before starting the exercise, twice a week. Data on weight, height, body fat percentage, energy and nutrient intake, and VO2 max capacity were collected. The results showed that there was a significant increase in the player's VO2 max capacity value after treatment with sports gel treatment (p=0.001), but there was no significant increase in the control group (p=0.314). Nutritional status, body fat percentages, physical activity, energy intakes, macro and micronutrients intake were found not to be correlated with VO2 max capacity. It can be concluded that administration of 300 ml sports gel drink from chia seeds before training increases the player's VO2 max capacity.</p> Nur Fauzi Mardiana Mardiana Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-03-25 2022-03-25 17 1 19 26 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.1.19-26 The Efficacy of Nutrition Education on Anemia and Upper Arm Circumference among Pregnant Women in Aceh Besar District of Indonesia during the Covid-19 Pandemic https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/38729 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to analyze the effects of nutrition education on anemia and upper arm circumference in pregnant women. It was a cluster-randomized control study involving 110 pregnant women. The nutrition education interventions, was a combination of offline and online sessions, conducted by trained Nutrition education staffs with a 1:5 ratio to pregnant women. Twelve education sessions were conducted for three months utilizing a nutrition booklet for pregnant women, food monitoring cards, and flyers shared on a social media WhatsApp group. The socio-demographic data were obtained through an interview method. The nutritional status collected, by measuring Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC), and anemia was determined through a diagnosis by the family doctor. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test and the paired and independent t-tests, the confidence interval was set at 95%. Hemoglobin levels in the intervention group experienced a higher increase than in the control group. The MUAC in the intervention group increased by 0.8 cm while in the control group it was decreased by -2.7 cm. However, the Difference in Difference (DID) analysis did not show significant different for both parameters (p=0.198 and p=0.274). Chi square analysis showed that the prevalence of anemia at the end line point in the intervention group (3.6%) was significantly lower compared to the control group (14.5%) (p=0.047). The prevalence of the Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED) measured by MUAC decreased by 9% in the intervention group, and 1.8% in the control group. However, the difference in prevalence of CED was not statistically significant (p=0.696). The nutrition education within three months did not significantly increase the mean hemoglobin and MUAC. But considering the trend in decreasing anemia and CED prevalence in the intervention group, structured and routine nutrition education can be implemented as part of nutritional intervention in pregnant women to prevent anemia and CED to observe effects in a longer-term intervention.</p> Aripin Ahmad Silvia Wagustina Cesilia Meti Dwiriani Wiwit Estuti Teuku Salfiyadi Arnisam Arnisam Eva Fitrianingsih Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-03-25 2022-03-25 17 1 27 36 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.1.27-36 The Effect of Combined Extracts of Sappan Wood (Caesalpinia sappan L.) and Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica L.) in Improving Diabetic Condition in Rats https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/38644 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to determine the efficacy of combination of sappan (secang) wood and gotu kola extracts in reducing insulin resistance and Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in diabetic rats induced by Streptozotocin (STZ) 65 mg/kg Body Weight (BW) and Nicotinamide (NA) 230 mg/kg BW. Forty-two male Sprague Dawley rats weighing ±200 g were divided into 7 groups: 1) control, 2) glibenclamide 0.45 mg/kg BW, 3) sappan wood extract (CS) 250 mg/kg BW, 4) gotu kola extract (CA) 500 mg/kg BW, 5) 1st combination of extracts of sappan wood and gotu kola (CSCA1) 125 mg/kg BW + 750 mg/kg BW, 6) 2nd combination (CSCA2) with 250 mg/kg BW + 500 mg/kg BW, and 7) 3rd combination (CSCA3) with 375 mg/kg BW + 250 mg/kg BW. The insulin resistance levels were measured using the HOMA-IR index based on fasting blood glucose and insulin. The Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substance (TBARs) method was used to measure MDA levels. All measurements were taken before treatment, 14 days after treatment, and 21 days after treatment. The group receiving CSCA3 showed significant reduction in insulin resistance (-3.32±0.05) and MDA levels (-2.04±0.37 nmol/ml) on Day 21 after treatment. The CSCA3 treatment did not show statistically different result compared to glibenclamide treatment (p&gt;0.05). Hence, CSCA3 treatment was considered as the best proportion of sappan wood and gotu kola extracts mixture and the result is comparable to glibenclamide. This study shows that the combination of sappan wood and gotu kola extracts has the potential to be developed as a functional drink for people with diabetes.</p> Binti Maulina Brian Wasita Ratih Puspita Febrinasari Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-03-25 2022-03-25 17 1 37 46 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.1.37-46 An Additional Adequate Water Intake Increases the Amniotic Fluid Index in Pregnant Women with Oligohydramnios: A Systematic Review https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/37590 <p style="text-align: justify;">This systematic review aimed to answer whether an additional amount of water intake can increase the Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) in pregnant women with oligohydramnios. Article searches were conducted and data was obtained from “SCOPUS”, “EBSCO”, “PUBMED”, “COCHRANE” and “Google Search” databases using the following keywords: “hypovolemic”, “dehydration” “pregnancy” “outcome”, “hydration”. “water intake”, “oligohydramnios”, and “amniotic fluid index”. We used MeSH headings (hydration pregnancy) for search keyword, Inclusion criteria were subjects who were pregnant women with oligohydramnios (without any pathological disorder in the mother and fetus), the outcomes include AFI of &lt;5 cm, study design was prospective cohorts and clinical trials, consumption of plain water (non-calorie beverages) and language restriction applied for articles published in English. Out of 391 articles, eight articles that met these criteria for anaylsis. Result showed that additional amount of water intake for pregnant women with oligohydramnios without maternal/fetal abnormalities in the third trimester (28−37 weeks) can increase AFI. Oral maternal hydration gave a better effect than intravenous maternal hydration on AFI. The additional amount of water intake per day required by pregnant women with oligohydramnios to increase AFI to normal ranges from 1,500 to 2,500 ml depending on the condition of each pregnant woman. Additional water intake via oral can be a strategy for oligohydramnios therapy in pregnant women.</p> Tria Rosemiarti Parlindungan Siregar Hardinsyah Hardinsyah Sudung O. Pardede Budi Iman Santoso Ras Adiba Riza Erinna Tjahjono Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-03-25 2022-03-25 17 1 47 56 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.1.47-56 Economic and Consumption Variables and Their Associations with Stunting Prevalence: A Provincial Analysis of the Indonesian Child Nutritional Status Survey 2019 https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/38409 <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aims to analyze the relationship between economic and food consumption variables with stunting prevalence among Indonesian children. The unit of analysis for this cross-sectional study was secondary data set from 2019 for 34 provinces obtained from Statistics Indonesia, the Food Security Agency, and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. In the majority of provinces (88.24%) the stunting prevalence was still categorized as serious public health problem with the prevalence of 30% or higher. The economic outlook in 2019 showed an economic growth, decrease in Gini ratio and the unemployment rate in 34 provinces. However, the poverty rate was very diverse between provinces and concentrated in eastern Indonesia. There were 17 provinces that had higher food than non-food expenditures. There were 31 provinces with normal energy adequacy level and 28 with normal protein adequacy level. However, there was no provinces reached maximum score in Desirable Dietary Pattern (DDP) as the indicator for food diversity, signaling that none of the provinces achieved adequate diversity in food consumption in 2019. The multivariate linear regression with backward elimination technique showed that seven of independent variables were qualified for the final model with R2 of 0.7406. The three variables significantly correlated with stunting prevalence (p&lt;0.05) were food expenditure, protein adequacy level, and DDP score. Hence, these variables can be categorized as causal factors for stunting at provincial level analysis which can feed the food and nutrition policy and its monitoring and evaluation strategy. However, further analysis is needed to determine the direct and indirect relationship between economic factors, food expenditure, and food consumption with the prevalence of stunting among children in Indonesia so that stunting prevention and alleviation programs can be more precise and optimal.</p> Aldiza Intan Randani Yayuk Farida Baliwati Dadang Sukandar Ikeu Tanziha Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-03-25 2022-03-25 17 1 57 66 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.1.57-66