Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan 2021-03-10T08:46:27+07:00 Prof. Dr. Ir. Dodik Briawan, MCN Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/admingizipangan/COVER_LUAR_JGP-_Juli_2017-931.jpg" alt="" width="178" height="211" align="left"><strong>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </strong>-in english translate to Journal of Nutrition and Food-&nbsp;is the official publication of The Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia in collaboration with the Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology (FEMA), Bogor Agricultural University. This journal focuses its’ main research in the fields of nutrition and food. Scientific peer-reviewed articles are published routine, three times per year on March, July and November. According to the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Decree Number 12/M/Kp/II/2015, the Journal of Nutrition and Food is&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ACCREDITED</strong></a>&nbsp;since February 11th 2015 (including the issue number submitted in the accreditation process starting from&nbsp;Volume 7, Number 2, July 2012).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify">The Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan&nbsp;has been indexed in&nbsp;<strong>Clarivate Analytics products (Emerging Sources Citation Index), DOAJ, Science and Technology Index (SINTA), Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),&nbsp;</strong><strong>Google Scholar,&nbsp;</strong>and other scientific databases.&nbsp;The Journal&nbsp;also used Similarity Check to prevent any suspected plagiarism in the manuscripts.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify">The Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan has a competent Board of Editors in the fields of nutritional and food sciences. The board consists of a variety of institutions related in food and nutrition. This Journal is managed with high commitment despite the number of challenges that are faced. The Editorial team welcomes lecturers, researchers and other scientists to publish their scientific articles here in Journal of Nutrition and Food.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><a href=";1180425503&amp;1&amp;&amp;">P-ISSN: 1978-1059&nbsp;</a> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="">E-ISSN: 2407-0920</a></p> Evaluation of Food and Nutrition Security Level at Provincial Level Based on Outcome Indicators in Indonesia 2021-03-10T08:46:27+07:00 Andra Vidyarini Drajat Martianto Hidayat Syarief <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims at evaluating the situation of Food and Nutrition Security (FNS) at provincial level using six outcome indicators. The cross-sectional study, utilized secondary data from 33 provinces published in 2013. It used a modification of the Global Hunger Index (GHI) method and changed the number of outcome indicators. In addition, an equalization was performed, so that the results obtained were positive. The results showed that all provinces in Indonesia have moderate or less secure food and nutrition level. Hence, the performance of the Indonesian government in food and nutrition security need to be improved. Bali Province had the highest rank in food and nutrition security, while East Nusa Tenggara and Papua Province had the lowest ranks of the 33 provinces during 2013. The low performance achievement of food and nutrition security based on the six outcome indicators signified by the high prevalence of the undernourished population and the high prevalence of stunting and wasting of children under five in all provinces in Indonesia.</p> 2021-03-04T14:28:40+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Household Food Insecurity is Associated with Undernutrition among Primary School Children in Aden Governorate, Yemen 2021-03-08T10:24:34+07:00 Shadha Anwar Ahmed Esmail Roslee Rajikan <p style="text-align: justify;">Food insecurity is typically linked with undernutrition. However, there is little published data available on the association between household food insecurity and undernutrition status of the primary school children aged 6–12 years in Aden, Yemen. The purpose of this research was to analyse the association between household food insecurity and the undernutrition status of the children. A cross-sectional study was carried out among primary school children from grades I to VI in the government schools (n=525). A simple questionnaire, face-to-face interview with parents, and Radimer/Cornell hunger and food insecurity tool were utilized for the data collection. Anthropometric measurements (weight &amp; height) of the children were also recorded. Upon analysis, 70% of the surveyed children came from a food secure household, whilst 30% experienced some type of food insecurity. Education level of the father (p&lt;0.03), employment of the mother (p&lt;0.00), overall household income (p&lt;0.01), income per capita (p&lt;0.01) and number of working persons per household (p&lt;0.00) were all significant variables associated with food insecurity among these households. Results also showed that the frequency of underweight, stunting and wasting among the children was 19%, 17% and 10%, respectively. Significant associations were found between household food insecurity and the state of being underweight, stunting and wasting. Importantly, the association between household food insecurity and undernutrition status continued even after adjustment for significant variables. In conclusion, household food insecurity was significantly associated with undernutrition status of the primary school children in Aden’s Governorate, Yemen.</p> 2021-03-04T14:53:05+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Acculturation-Related Factors of Dietary Pattern Changes among Indigenous Adolescents in Mt. Arayat, Philippines 2021-03-08T10:24:35+07:00 Mark Spencer K. Barcena Anna Teresa O. Orillo Clarissa B. Juanico Arvin Paul P. Tuaño <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to determine the levels of dietary acculturation and factors affecting acculturationrelated changes in dietary patterns of 15 adolescents in an indigenous community in Mt. Arayat, Central Luzon, Philippines displaced after the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in 1991. Mixed-methods sequential explanatory design (using modified scales) was employed to measure dietary acculturation; index analyses to evaluate dietary patterns; and focus group discussion to determine factors leading to dietary acculturation. Majority was found to be bicultural (93.33%) and the mean dietary pattern index score was 69.40 implying a need for dietary improvement. Moderate to high levels of dietary acculturation were observed on the traditional food block, while low to moderate levels were observed towards the dominant food block. Various psychosocial factors driving dietary choices cumulatively affect dietary patterns of adolescents experiencing acculturation in this study, including but not limited to: 1) the neighboring communities’ ethnocultural composition facilitates acculturation primarily through language fluency; 2) prevalence of discrimination exerts an external pressure to adopt host culture for social acceptance; 3) economic need for integration to sustain day-to-day activities exists; 4) religious feasts and gatherings centered on foods previously unknown to them have been introduced; 5) food selection behavior shifts due to acquired experiences of food whether sensory or cognitive; and 6) their attitudes towards assimilation majorly characterizes the gradual internalization of host culture.</p> 2021-03-04T15:19:59+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Glycemic Index Values of Rice Varieties that are Commonly Available in Markets in Bangladesh 2021-03-08T10:24:35+07:00 Enamul Kabir Md Tofazzal Hossain Mohammad Anowar Hossain Shuma Rani Ray Muhammad Javidul Haque Bhuiyan <p style="text-align: justify;">Glycemic Index (GI) of six common rice varieties in the local markets of Bangladesh was assessed and categorized in this study to investigate manipulative varietal performance for the time being. After overnight fasting, each of ten selected healthy non-diabetic volunteers (males and females in ratio of 1:1) was fed with reference food (50 g glucose) and test foods (50 g carbohydrate-containing different rice varieties) in every two days intervals. After feeding, glucose levels (mmol/l) were measured at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Incremental Area Under Curve (IAUC) of reference food and test food (avoiding the area beneath the baseline of reference food) was calculated to measure GI values. Amylose content (%) of different test foods was measured from the standard curve obtained from the spectrophotometric analysis after alcoholic-alkaline gelatinization that was followed by acidification and iodine mixing. The result showed that the GI values were 59.7±3.4; 50.5±2.6; 57.8±2.8; 51.3±2.3; 56.9±3.9 and 44.6±2.1, while the amylose content (%) were 23.6±0.6; 26.7±0.9; 21.3±0.7; 28.3±1.1; 22.2±2.3 and 29.8±1.5 for Nizershail, BRRI Dhan 29, Chinigura, Kalijira, Hybrid Hera Dhan 12 and Sworna, respectively. Moreover, the existing inverse relationship between the GI values and amylose content in this study was similar to other researchers’ findings. Categorization of the test foods based on the observed GI values ranked Sworna, BRRI Dhan 29 and Kalijira as low GI rice varieties that could be beneficial for consumption by diabetics as well as healthy individuals.</p> 2021-03-04T15:37:43+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Development of Stunting Early Detection Kit for Children under Two Years: Validity and Reliability 2021-03-08T10:24:36+07:00 Aphrodite Nadya Nurlita Maria Wigati Mubasysyir Hasanbasri Jumarko Jumarko Siti Helmyati <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to determine validity and reliability of the new developed Stunting Early Detection Kit (SEDEK). This study was a cross-sectional study. A total sample of 30 children under two years from a Posyandu in Seyegan, Yogyakarta, was involved in the study. Every child was measured using SEDEK and infantometer-WHO Length for Age Growth Chart as the gold standard to find out its validity. Validity was determined by sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value. Reliability in this study was measured by intra-rater reliability, by comparing the first measurement and the second measurement from a rater using SEDEK. The intra-rater reliability determined using the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The results showed no significant difference between length measurements using SEDEK and the gold standards (p&gt;0.05). The SEDEK sensitivity was 80%, specificity 85%, positive predictive value 72.7%, negative predictive value 89.5%. SEDEK reliability is demonstrated by ICC of 0.781. However, this study suggest that the current SEDEK version has not met the required sensitivity and positive predictivevalue of more than 80% so that it can be used as a detection tool. Further research is needed to improve the quality of SEDEK so that the SEDEK improved version can be used at the community-based health facilities level.</p> 2021-03-04T15:57:40+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Knowledge on Nutrition Labels for Processed Food: Effect on Purchase Decision among Indonesian Consumers 2021-03-08T10:24:36+07:00 Anna Vipta Resti Mauludyani Zuraidah Nasution Muhammad Aries Rimbawan Rimbawan Yusra Egayanti <p style="text-align: justify;">This study was conducted to observe the relationship between consumers’ knowledge on nutrition labels and the purchasing behavior for processed food products among Indonesian consumers. A crosssectional study was conducted in August‒September 2018 in five different cities of three provinces (Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi). Data were obtained from 400 adult consumers by self-administered questionnaires. The results showed that almost 70% of consumers in Indonesia check food labels; however, from that number only 37.5% paid attention to the nutrition label of a food product prior to making a purchase decision; this was most probably due to their knowledge on nutrition labels that was still poor, as shown by the mean score of 7.7 out of 14 questions (55%). In terms of food groups, milk and dairy products were deemed important by the consumers and the nutrition labels were often checked. When it comes to making a purchase decision, almost all of the consumers (96.0%) had decided to buy food products with nutrition labels as compared to those without. Furthermore, when compared to similar products also bearing nutrition labels, consumers deemed the claims of low fat (28.7%) and low sugar (22.6%) as a sign that the products are healthier and have a better nutrition profile. Knowledge on nutrition labels (OR=1.139; 95% CI:1.016‒1.276; p=0.025) and purchase decision on products with nutrition labels (OR=3.426; 95% CI:1.220‒9.623; p=0.019) were significantly associated with purchase decision for healthier processed food. This study has shown the importance of increasing consumers’ knowledge on nutrition labels in order to achieve a larger impact on food selection, nutrition, and health.</p> 2021-03-04T16:08:13+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan The Effect of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) Extract on Malondialdehyde Level in Rat Liver 2021-03-08T10:24:37+07:00 Fadhilah Sharfina Alyani Retno Yulianti Maria Selvester Thadeus <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to determine the efficacy of roselle flower extract in reducing the Malondialdehyde (MDA) level in rats after induction of 20% ethanol. This experimental study used a post-test design on 24 male white rats, Wistar strain which were grouped into six type of treatment. The K1 group was given daily aquadest only, K2 was given 20% ethanol. K3 was given 20% ethanol and vitamin C, K4 was given 20% ethanol and 250 mg/kgBW/day roselle flower extracts, K5 was given 20% ethanol and 500 mg/kgBW/day roselle flower extract, K6 was given 20% ethanol and 750 mg/kgBW/day roselle flower extract. Each group received treatment for 30 days. At the time of termination, the rat’s liver was collected and the liver’s MDA level was examined. One Way Anova test and the Post Hoc Tukey test were used for data analysis. There was a decrease in MDA levels (3.1578±0.37 ng/ml) in K4 compared to K2 as well as to K5 and K6 with higher extract concentrations. Thus, despite its benefit as antioxidant, excess of flavonoid compounds undergoing oxidation will produce a metabolite compound that can damage the endogenous antioxidant. Hence, 250 mg/kgBW/day roselle flower extract given daily can reduce MDA levels in mice induced with 20% alcohol.</p> 2021-03-04T16:25:21+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan