• Intan Dwi Kurniawati Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, IPB University
  • Herien Puspitawati Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University
Keywords: coping behaviour, e-lifestyle, gender, happiness, millennial generation


Changes that occur due to the Covid-19 pandemic are faced by all people, including the millennial generation. This study aims to analyze coping behavior, e- lifestyle, and happiness of the millennial generation during the Covid-19 pandemic based on gender. The research was conducted by a cross-sectional study using a non-probability voluntary sampling method. Data collection was carried out in April, and the study samples were obtained from 32 males and 68 females. Primary data was taken using a google form distributed to the millennial generation aged 22-41 years and living in Bogor, West Java. The location was chosen considering West Java has a happiness index (70.23) below the national happiness index (71.49) and is included in the five provinces with a low happiness index. The results of the descriptive analysis show that coping behavior, e- lifestyle, and happiness of the millennial generation during the Covid-19 pandemic are in the moderate category. The results of the different tests found no significant differences by gender in coping behavior, e-lifestyle, and millennial happiness. The SEM-PLS model shows that coping behavior significantly affects e- lifestyle. In addition, it was also found that coping behavior had a significant effect on the happiness of the millennial generation during the pandemic. Based on the results of this study, the happiness of the millennial generation during the Covid-19 pandemic is important, one of which is through coping behavior.


Alfyonita, D., & Nasionalita, K. (2019). The construction of the identity of the millennial generation in the city of Bandung in the social media Instagram identity construction of millennial generation in Bandung on Instagram. Open library Telkom University (Issue Communication Science). https://openlibrary. telkomuniversity. ac. id/pustaka/147559/konstruksi-identity-generasi-millennial-di-Kota-Bandung-Dalam-media-social-instagram.html.

Artheswara, L. C., & Sulistiawati, A. (2020). The level of e-commerce use in adolescents in Bogor city and district. Journal of Communication Science and Community Development [JSKPM], 4(4), 441., Steve. R., Crothers Marie. K. (2010). Positively psychology. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

[BPS] Central Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Happiness index 2017. Retrieved from

[BPS] Central Bureau of Statistics. (2021). The average length of schooling by gender in 2020-2021. Retrieved from

Bob, T. P. (2006). SPSS 13.0 Applied: Parametric Statistical Research. Yogyakarta, ID: Andi Publishers.

Daulay, N. (2020). Religious Coping and Mental Health During the Covid-19 Pandemic : A Literature Study. PSISULA: Periodic Proceedings of Psychology, 2, 349–358.

Diener, E. D., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffen S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journals of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75.

Diener, E. Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychol Bull. 125(2), 276–302. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.125.2.276.

Griffiths, M. (2000). Internet addiction-time to be taken seriously?. Addiction Research, 8(5), 413-418.

Hassan, S. H., Ramayah, T., Mohamed, O., & Maghsoudi, A.(2015). Lifestyle, customer satisfaction, and loyalty among the generation Y mobile users. Asian Social Science, 11(4), 157- 168.

Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2002). The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire: a compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being. Personality and individual differences, 33(7), 1073-1082.

Helliwell, J. F., Layard, R., Sachs, J. D., & De Neve, J.-E. (2021). World happiness report 2021. World Happiness Report, 212.

Hurlock, E. B. (2011). Developmental Psychology: An Approach Throughout the Span of Life Fifth Edition. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Irawan, Y. C. (2016). The Effect of E-Lifestyle On The Satisfaction and Loyalty of Generation Y Internet Users. [Doctoral Dissertation, UAJY].

Jenaabadi, H. (2014). The study and comparison of stress levels and coping strategies in parents of exceptional (mentally retarded, blind and deaf) and normal children in Zahedan. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 197-202.

Hoon, K., Park, J., Yul, K. D., Moon, H. L., & Chun, H. C. (2002). E-lifestyle and motives to use online games. Iris Marketing Review, 15(2), 71-72.

Komalasari, R. (2020). The benefits of information and communication technology during the COVID-19 pandemic. Thematic, 7(1), 38–50.

Masrura, A., Djuwita, R., & Hudiyana, J. (2022). The Internet and Happiness in a Pandemic. Journal of Psychology: Scientific Journal of the Faculty of Psychology, Yudharta Pasuruan University, 9(1), 1-11.

McGuire, M., & Dowling, S. (2013). A targeted attack occurs when the organization is of specific interest to the attacker, who plans the digital offensive months before it is launched. In-Home Office Research Report 75 (Issue October). London, England, United Kingdom.

Muafani, M. (2021). The use of information technology in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic in community empowerment. UNSIQ Journal of Research and Community Service, 8(2), 134–139.

Odaci, H., & Cikrikci, O. (2012). University students’ ways of coping with stress, life satisfaction and subjective well-being. TOJCE: The Online Journal of Counselling and Education, 1, 118-131.

Panjaitan, P., & Prasetya, A. (2017). The influence of social media on the work productivity of the millennial generation (study on PT. Angkasa Pura I branch of Juanda international airport) (Doctoral dissertation, Brawijaya University).

Indonesian Association of Mental Health Specialists. (2020). 5 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Accessed from

Ptacek, J. T., Smith, R. E., & Zanas, J. (1992). Gender, appraisal, and coping: a longitudinal analysis. Journal of Personality, 60(4), 747–770.

Pulungan, D. R., & Febriaty, H. 2018. The influence of lifestyle and financial literacy on students' consumptive behavior. Journal of Management Science Research, 2(3), 103-110.

Puspitawati, H. (2013). Introduction to Family Studies. Bogor, ID: IPB Press.

Puspitawati, H. (2019). Gender and the family: Concepts and realities in Indonesia (Revised Edition). Bogor (ID) : IPB Press.

Puspitawati, H. (2021). Gender and Family Assessment Volume 2. Bogor (ID) : IPB Press.

Puspitawati, H., Sarma, M., Herawati, T., Yuliati, L. N., & Azizah, Y. (2020). Model of family subjective well-being in rural and sub-urban families. Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences, 13(2), 99–111.

Rahayu, T. (2016). Determinants of happiness in Indonesia. Journal of Economics And Business, 19(1), 149–170.

Santrock, J.W. (2007). Juvenile volume 2. (11th edition). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Saputra, A. (2019). The survey of social media use among students of the city of Padang uses the theory of uses and gratifications. Journal of Documentation And Information, 40(2), 207.

Simanjuntak, M., Puspitawati, H., & Djamaludin, M. D. (2010). Factors affecting family well-being and child learning achievement in families receiving the family hope program (pkh). Journal of Nutrition Media & Family, 32(2), 30-39.

Supardi, S., & Asamara, E. N. (2015). Analysis of individual beliefs in using information technology in supporting the teaching and learning process in higher education. Indonesian Journal of Management, 15(3), 179-194.

Thahir, A. (2018). Differences in coping mechanisms between male and female students in facing semester exams at the tarbiyah Iain Raden intan Lampung faculty. In COUNSELING : Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 1(1), 11–18.

Utami, M. S. (2012). Religiosity, religious coping, and subjective well-being. Psychology Journal, 39, 46-66.

Wood, W., Rhodes, N., & Whelan, M. (1989). Sex differences in positive well-being: a consideration of emotional style and marital status. Psychological Bulletin, 106(2), 249–264.

Yilmaz, H., Arslan, C., Saricaoglu, H., & Yilmaz, S. (2013). An investigation of subjective well-being in terms of coping with stress and decision making in university students. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 14(9), 1143-1148.

Yu, C. (2011). Construction and validation of an e‐lifestyle instrument. Internet Research, 21(3), 214–235. doi 10.1108 10662241111139282.pdf.