Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat <p align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/j-agrokreatif/cover_NOV_2018_0301198.jpg" alt="" width="178" height="211" align="left"></p> <p><strong>Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat sudah terakreditasi KEMENRISTEK DIKTI Nomor 30/E/KPT/2019, 11 November 2019.</strong> Pertama terbit sampai Tahun 2018 Agrokreatif terbit 2 kali setahun, yaitu pada bulan Mei dan November. Mulai tahun 2019 terbit tiga kali setahun pada bulan Maret, Juli, dan November oleh Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM), Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB). Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang berhubungan dengan biosains, kelautan dan pertanian tropika dalam arti luas; mencakup biologi, klimatologi, agronomi, ilmu tanah, arsitektur lanskap, proteksi tanaman, kedokteran hewan, gizi dan kesehatan masyarakat, keluarga dan konsumen, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, keteknikan pertanian, peternakan, perikanan, kehutanan, konservasi, lingkungan, sosial-ekonomi, dan kewirausahaan.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Institut Pertanian Bogor en-US Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2460-8572 Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Desa Rowokembu melalui Pelatihan Budikdamber dan Kebun Gizi sebagai Alternatif Pemenuhan Bahan Pangan <p>Rowokembu Village is one of villages in Wonopringgo Sub-district in Pekalongan Regency, Central Java. It has dense population with limited agricultural land. Vegetable garden and fish farming in bucket are among simpler yet effective strategies for this typical society. This program aimed to empower local community through training on vegetable garden and fish farming in bucket for the members of PKK (Pemberdayaan Kesejahteraan Keluarga) of Rowokembu. Training was given in the form of lecture and workshop. Changes on knowledge and perception was measured through pre-test and post-test. It was observed that the training managed to increase the knowledge, perception, and skills of the participants on developing vegetable garden and fish farming in bucket. The enthusiasm and participation, however, tend to decrease after training period. The fish showed high mortality rate presumably due to poor water condition, hot weather, the absence of aeration system, and improper feeding. The plants in the vegetable garden were attacked by pest. More intensive coaching/guidance was needed to ensure the sustainability of the program.</p> Harum Fadhilatunnur M. Adil Danial Faza M. Fakhrul Anam Ita Vera Noor A’fiana Desyani Ayu Idha Mufidha Nila Farizah Yenny Zanubah Arifah Sarah Puruhitaningrum Dilla Ferawati Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 253 261 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.253-261 Pengenalan Budi Daya Ikan dalam Ember untuk Kemandirian Pangan di Kampung Enam, Kota Tarakan <p>The Covid-19 pandemic has had a major impact on society, such as job losses, rising staples, and economic hardship. Prices of food needs that continue to increase and are not affordable have resulted in food problems, one of which is protein. One of the high-quality protein is protein from fish. Fish as a fishery commodity that is relatively easy to cultivate on a large industrial scale and household scale for food self-sufficiency is catfish (<em>Clarias sp</em>). The purpose of this activity is to add insight and knowledge of the community about budikdamber for food self-sufficiency. The method of implementing community service activities in Kampung Six is carried out by counseling and training methods on Budikdamber. In this training activity, a bucket with 40 liters of water and 20 catfish seeds was used. Maintenance was carried out for 60 days with ad satiation feeding three times a day. Observations were made on growth, survival and water quality. The results of the activity found that 93% of the community partners had understood about Budikdamber. Budikdamber maintenance by partner communities gets an absolute weight growth value of catfish of 14 g, catfish survival value of 75%, and 1 bunch of kale per bucket. Based on the results of this activity, it is hoped that there will be the provision of special land for Budikdamber as an example for people who want to develop in their respective yards.</p> Miska Sanda Lembang Rukisah Rukisah Jimmy Cahyadi Heppi Iromo Azis Azis Nuril Farizah Muhammad Amien Diana Maulianawati Zainuddin Zainuddin Awaludin Awaludin Burhanuddin Ihsan Ricky Febrinaldy Kartina Kartina Santria Santria Patrice Sevania Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 262 268 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.262-268 Pelatihan Budi Daya Tanaman Hortikultura untuk Optimalisasi Pekarangan di Nagari Taeh Bukik, Sumatera Barat <p>Horticulture plants are fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants, which are easy to cultivate in home gardens, could reduce household consumption expenditure and offer the good impact for family food security. Therefore, it is necessary to perform community training on horticulture technology by utilizing local resources. The purposes of this community service are to increase public awareness of the home garden’s existence and management, to increase the insight and knowledge of PKK members in horticultural crops cultivation, and to engage PKK members to practice horticulture cultivation in home garden. This community service was located in Taeh Bukik village, Limapuluh Kota Regency, West Sumatra from June‒September 2020. Methods of activities are audience, counseling, training, mentoring, while evaluation method are interview, observation, and survey to the trainees home gardens. This service, is moderately successful by being able to increase public awareness of the importance of the homegarden, increase the insight and knowledge of PKK members on horticulture cultivation, and PKK members were engage to practice horticulture cultivation in their own home garden, which is evidenced by the increase of plant diversity and plants arrangement practice in home gardens.</p> Nahda Kanara Ritawati Sentot Wahono Trisia Wulantika Chairunnisak Rasdanelwati Darmansyah Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 269 275 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.269-275 Pemberdayaan Kelompok Tani Sayuran melalui Intensifikasi Ekologi Menggunakan Eko-Teknologi Non-Mikroba di Sekitar Kebun Raya Kendari <p>Agricultural Innovation in the green revolution contains high ecological risk, so that eco-technology innovation is needed for the sustainability of agricultural productivity. Unfortunately, not all farmers know about of this innovation, including members of the Nanga-Nanga Makmur Farmers Group around the Kendari City Botanical Gardens. This Community Partnership Program aimed to: (i) increase the knowledge and skills of target farmers regarding the management of abundant organic waste around farmers' fields to be used as non-microbial biofertilizer products; and (ii) provide knowledge to target farmers about conducting soil quality testing as a reference for farmers to determine the dose of non-microbial biofertilizer on managed agricultural land by members of the farmer groups. The method applied to achieve this goal is to do incidental counseling through face-to-face activities, training activities through mentoring in plot demonstration actions. Data on the increasing knowledge and skills of farmers were recorded through photos during mentoring and pilot demonstrations and analyzed descriptively. The results of these activities have increased the knowledge and skills of farmers in evaluating soil fertility using KIT for soil analysis, and determining the need for organic matter and fertilizers. Partner farmers have been able and skilled to produce biochar, compost tea, and compost as non-microbial biofertilizer by utilizing liquid organic waste and organic solid waste. Farmers can to manage soil quality and plant health through the application of non-microbial biofertilizer to soil and plants. Farmers also have insight into pest/disease control through an eco-technology approach.</p> Laode Muhammad Harjoni Kilowasidi Robiatul Adawiyah Nur Isiyana Wianti Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 276 288 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.276-288 Pengabdian Masyarakat melalui Teknologi Osama Biobased Economy untuk Budidaya Cabai di Desa Sukasari Kabupaten Tasikmalaya <p>Chili is one of the important food ingredients. The lack of public knowledge about chili cultivation techniques and good land optimization makes people's interest to grow chili less. In addition, household organic waste management in Tasikmalaya, especially in Sukasari Village, has not been optimal. The objectives of this service activity are 1) To provide knowledge and skills about chili cultivation techniques; 2) Utilization of household organic waste through the technology of processing household organic waste into organic fertilizer that can have economic value (Osama biobased economy); and 3) Educate the public regarding the optimization of yard land. The partners in this activity are the Jaya Mukti Farmers Association and Mukti Farmers Group which are located in adjacent areas with a total of 32 people using a random sampling technique because the sample is homogeneous. The activities carried out were in the form of socialization, demonstration, and practicum on household organic waste processing technology (Osama), chili cultivation techniques and optimization of yard land, as well as distribution of seeds and fertilizers to the community. The data collection technique in this activity uses a questionnaire. The results of this service activity indicate that there is an increase in community knowledge and skills in chili cultivation and the use of household organic waste and home yards.</p> Egi Nuryadin Ika Rahmawati Fitri Natalia Maya Cindiati Dina Husnul Khotimah Annisa Choerunnisa Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 289 302 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.289-302 Evaluasi Pelaksanaan dan Perumusan Strategi Keberlanjutan Program Akuaponik untuk Kesejahteraan Masyarakat <p>Serving Lecturer activity is one of the community service programs organized by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) IPB as an effort to develop and apply Science and Technology for the welfare of the community. This activity was held in Muncangela Village, Cipicung District, Kuningan Regency. The stages of this activity are socialization, counseling, mentoring, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), implementation of activities, and formulation of strategies for the sustainability of the akuaponiks program. Based on the research results, to realize the sustainability of these activities, there are strategic assumptions obtained from experts and analyzed by the SAST method. The assumptions are selected based on the level of importance and the level of certainty and are integrated into a strategy called "TERAS". The strategy includes governance and government programs, education to the community, relationships, action, and synergy.</p> Asep Taryana Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 303 312 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.303-312 Workshop Secara Daring Sustainable Lifestyle Skala Rumah Tangga di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 <p>The environmet's condition as a place for humans and other living things is decreasing due to human activities. To overcome or delay that phenomenon, an eco-friendly lifestyle needs to be applied by everyone. This lifestyle is known as the green lifestyle or sustainable lifestyle. This community service activity aimed to introduce that lifestyle to the women of Aisyiyah local administrations (PDA) of North Jakarta. In this workshop, the lecturers of the Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA gave the lecture about how to utilize and minimalize waste from household activity which is very useful in the pandemic era, when most of the family spent their activities at home. The main theme of this workshop is less-waste lifestyle, vegetable regrow from cooking waste and also the utilization of used cooking oil for making eco-friendly soap. Because of the pandemic situation, this workshop was held on the 2<sup>nd</sup> of January 2021 with web seminar method using Zoom meeting and the coordination was performed by WhatsApp group. Aside from PowerPoint slides and videos of eco-friendly soap making, the participant was given a post-test and an evaluation form at the end of the webinar. The duration of this webinar was 2 hours and the follow-up were carried out in the WAG, which is monitoring the participant's regrow results. From this activity, the post-test result showed that participants obtained an upgraded knowledge about the lecture given.</p> Tahyatul Bariroh Sofia Fatmawati Rindita Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 313 319 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.313-319 Pemberdayaan Warga Desa Pulau Semambu melalui Diversifikasi Produk Olahan Ikan <p>Pulau Semambu village has potential sources of fishery products for the Indralaya area. This program aimed to socialize the manufacture of processed catfish (Clarias batracus) products. This activity is one of the efforts to fulfill nutritional needs and increase family income which is an effort to empower the creative economy through the participation of the Pulau Semambu villagers. Data and information from this service were obtained through observation and interviews. The method has used the PLA (Participatory Learning and Action) method. This service program was attended by 30 Semambu villagers. The product making was easy implemented for Semambu villagers. The post-test score in this activity were 83.36% (fish jerky) and 75.58% (fish bone cracker) regarding the understanding of the product started in definition, making, and advantages.&nbsp; The applicable of product making was a alternative income-generating efforts, in addition to fulfilling nutritional intake.</p> Sherly Ridhowati Siti Hanggita Rachmawati Susi Lestari Puspa Ayu Pitayati Herpandi Herpandi Indah Widiastuti Agus Supriadi Gama Dian Nugroho Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 320 328 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.320-328 Strategi Pendampingan Inovasi Produk Olahan Kopi di Desa Palak Tanah, Muara Enim <p>Coffee is one of the leading commodities in Muara Enim Regency, South Sumatra Province. The coffee commodity is the backbone of the village community's economy, especially in the highlands of South Sumatra. One of them is Palak Tanah Village, Muara Enim Regency. The coffee commodity has been processed by farmers from generation to generation with an economic chain that still relies on tokeh (local collectors). Selling coffee beans that are still raw and unprocessed has no added value to the community's economic well-being. This condition because the rural community does not undertake product innovation for coffee commodities. Regarding this circumstance, our team tries to serve and empower through Coffee Processed Product Innovation Assistance in Tanah Palak Village, Muara Enim, South Sumatra. The aim of the assistance from the university is to encourage the successful realization of one product innovation per village for the village community. The method used was PLA (Participatory Learning and Action), divided into two stages involvement in initial mapping and mentoring activities to produce village innovation products. This empowerment activity was carried out for 40 days by Sriwijaya University students and lecture. The main products of this assistance were processed village superior coffee. There are <em>dodol</em> (taffy made) and kemplang (crisp) coffee. The empowerment was done by a team in Palak Tanah Village for 40 days and evaluating whether the village community was able to understand and apply innovations for processed coffee products. The key to the success of this empowerment program is repackaging, branding, and online marketing. In the last week's evaluation, the companion team made sure that the village community was able to market their own products through the online shop.</p> Abdul Kholek Muhammad Izzudin Alfitri Alfitri Dyah Hapsari Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 329 338 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.329-338 Pelatihan Pembuatan Selai dari Kulit Kopi sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Nilai Tambah dan Ide Wirausaha di Desa Pamriyan <p>Coffee is a superior commodity owned by Indonesia. One of the coffee producing areas in Central Java is in Pamriyan Village, Pituruh Subdistrict, Purworejo Regency with an area of 1009.75 ha. The high production of coffee produced is also followed by the high waste of coffee produced which is not currently utilized properly. On the other hand, the coffee rind has the potential as a food rich in antioxidants such as polyphenols, anthocyanins, tannins, plavanols, 3-ol flavans, hydroxionic acids, and kafrin. This activity aims to provide an overview of the potential of resources that can be developed in Pamriyan Village and provide insight into the added value of coffee waste as well as entrepreneurial ideas to improve the economy of pamriyan villagers. The activity was carried out with material delivery and direct practice of making Coffee Skin Jam (SEKUPI). In this SEKUPI practice activity, it was obtained that almost all participants liked the taste, texture, and packaging of coffee skin jam and all participants agreed that this product was worth selling and developing. Analysis of the calculation of the cost of production was obtained that each manufacture of 10 bottles of SEKUPI will produce a profit of Rp 66,300,00. Furthermore, the calculation of R/C value is obtained a result of 1.203 which means that the business provides profits and is worth developing. Trainees are very happy with this training activity because it has added to their insights and gained new business opportunity ideas to develop in Pamriyan Village.</p> Zainal Abidin Sapto Nugroho Asih Wulan Sari Tsania Royani Abdillah Malikhatul Hasanah Yustika Trisiana Agun Ridi Arif Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 339 345 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.339-345 Produksi Pakan Berbahan Baku Utama Maggot pada Kegiatan Budi Daya Ikan Lele di Belinyu, Kabupaten Bangka <p>One of the main problems in aquaculture is cost of fish feed. Self made feed can reduce cost for buying commercial feed. Maggot is an organism that can be used as an ingredient in making independent feed. The purpose of this activity is to disseminate technology by utilizing maggot as the main raw material in making own fish feed to minimize production costs.This activity was carried out in fish farmers. They are located in Dusun Bukit Dempo, Kelurahan Bukit Ketok, Kecamatan Belinyu, Kabupaten Bangka. The method was carried out by disseminating technology in making fish feed based on maggot raw materials using simple applied technology. The use of fish feed from maggot raw materials was be able to catfish harvests and reduced the use of commercial fish feed, thereby minimizing production costs. The results of the economic calculation of the comparison of the use of commercial feed with feed from maggot flour in catfish cultivation resulted in a margin of Rp. 399,000 for a stocking density of 1,000 fish with a survival rate of 80% and a harvest size of 7 fish/kg. Feed from maggot flour can be consumed by cultivated Catfish and increase the weight and normal growth of Catfish.</p> Eva Prasetiyono Pras Eva Utami Teguh Iskandar Endah Prihatini Isnawati Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 346 355 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.346-355 Pengenalan Pencatatan Keuangan Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menegah Berbasis Digital di Kelurahan Situ Gede, Kecamatan Bogor Barat, Kota Bogor <p>Limitations of financial record system imply a difficulty for MSME actors in executing the right decisions in their business and accessing credit. This community service activity aims to provide awareness about the importance of financial records for MSMEs, an introduction to digital-based financial recording and financial recording practices for MSMEs. This training which is carried out offline and is attended by MSMEs in Situ Gede Village, West Bogor District, Bogor. This training begins with facilitating a participants’ discussion to gain an initial understanding of digital-based financial reports, then continues with the delivery of material and evaluation in the form of joint practice of making daily financial records of each participants’ businesses using digital application. Achievement on learning outcomes is measured by increasing participants’ skills in using digital financial recording applications (BukuWarung) to carry out financial records. The various features that exist in BukuWarung's digital financial records potentially support MSME actors to arrange their financial reports. Obstacles in implementing activities arise from the level of knowledge on basic accounting and proficiency in using digital technology. Around 80% of participants were able to make financial records using the application, while about 20% were unable to apply or partly due to application installation problems and unsupported devices. For the sustainability of the program, a dialogue platform that facilitates users exchange experiences and information regarding digital financial applications and continuous coaching is important to reduce obstacles that may occur in the future.</p> Nia Kurniawati Hidayat Gusti Raganata Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 356 367 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.356-367 Pelatihan Manajemen Keuangan pada UMKM Produk Olahan Nanas di Desa Babadan Kecamatan Ngancar Kabupaten Kediri <p>Pineapple (<em>Ananas comosus</em> (L.) Merr.) is one of the leading agricultural commodities in Babadan Village, Ngancar District, Kediri Regency. The use of pineapples that are not included in the sales grade in terms of size and maturity level encourages people to seek processed products based on pineapple commodities. Business development can be supported by providing financing from a local cooperative, namely Koperta Langgeng Mulyo. Prospective tenants of cooperatives are Family Welfare Development (PKK) members. Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) that are run include juice, dodol, and pineapple jam. Problems by participants included no financial recording activity and evaluation of the feasibility of business conditions, so financial management training became the solution. The activity was attended by 20 participants with material on socializing the importance of financial and inventory management, business feasibility, and strategies to enter the modern market. The results of the evaluation showed that the average knowledge of the participants increased from 48% (pre-test) to 75% (post-test).</p> Nastiti Winahyu Ferica Agustin Sandra Dwi Angesti Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 368 375 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.368-375 Kuliah Kerja Nyata Tematik Domisili: Sebuah Program Alternatif Pengabdian Masyarakat di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 <p>The Thematic Community Service Program Domicile (KKNT) is a community service activity carried out in June–August 2021 in anticipation of the Covid-19 pandemic. This activity program is carried out using an online media approach and blended learning (a combination of online and field trips) to comply with health protocols according to circulars that have been set by the government. Several planned activities have been successfully implemented. With its various advantages and disadvantages, the KKNT has provided suitable lessons for implementing The Thematic Community Service Program Domicile. The results of the evaluation with a comparative descriptive approach starting from the planning process and implementing activities show that the implementation of the Thematic Community Service Program Domicile in the Covid-19 pandemic condition is still possible to be carried out by taking into account the readiness of several things, such as communication technology, information technology capabilities owned by students and partners, awareness of partners, and the ability of The Thematic Community Service Program Domicile students in compiling training/counseling content.</p> Eko Sri Wiyono Dea Amanda Noventri Deca Febriantika Dina Putri Dermawan Arcahya Dinda Kasihannisa Sekar Ayu Khairunnisa Melianti Melianti Akhmad Muhriz Haqiqi Karina Rachma Suryani Shafira Nur Sadrina Santi Sejati Khoirunnisa Rizki Dwi Jayati Shella Putri Intan Sabak Aji Fadmiar Nibras Assilmi Koharudin Koharudin Juni Viona Nurayuni Shandathyana Nisabillah Shella Shella Deni Pebriansyah Nurhidayat Nurhidayat Alfi Alfi Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 376 384 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.376-384 Perencanaan Taman Edukasi Menuju Desa Pademawu Timur Mandiri <p>This Community Service Program (PKM) is implemented based on a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) between the Agrotechnology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Madura Islamic University and East Pademawu Village. The coaching program carried out is related to landscape learning materials. The purpose of providing landscape design materials for East Pademawu BUMDes is to improve landscape design insight and skills, to optimize the function and beauty and role of local village education parks so that they can support BUMDes administrators towards independent villages. Service activities in the form of providing materials and training followed by distributing questionnaires (based on a Likert scale whose score has been determined) to measure the level of achievement of socialization and training carried out. The location for the design is the backyard of the East Pademawu Village Hall office. The results of the participants' assessment of the benefits of the training through observation sheets showed an increase in the benefits, soft skills of BUMDes participants and the quality of local village facilities and infrastructure with a percentage of 83%. Participants showed enthusiasm and activity in the good category and agreed on the educational park landscape plan that had been optimally designed on village land. However, for mastery of material, creativity and conveying ideas, participants fall into the sufficient category so that there is a need for guidance and retraining which is based on the approval of cooperation between partner members and the garden landscape design team of the Madura Islamic University so that periodic guidance for BUMDes can still be carried out. The shortcoming that still needs to be considered for participants is a sense of design which can be overcome and minimized by broadening their horizons and actively joining the landscape design community.</p> Iswahyudi Iswahyudi Marchel Putra Garfansa Yenni Arista Cipta Ekalaturrahmah Copyright (c) 2022 Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 8 3 385 393 10.29244/agrokreatif.8.3.385-393