Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp <p align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/fapetipb/cover_iptp.jpg" alt="" width="178" height="211" align="left"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan (Journal of Animal Production &amp; Processing Technology)<br><br>ISSN : <a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=notcanc,notinc,notissn,notissnl=%222303-2227%22&amp;search_id=2228944">2303-2227</a></p> <p>eISSN : <a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=notcanc,notinc,notissn,notissnl=%222303-2227%22&amp;search_id=2228944">2615-594X</a>&nbsp;<br><br>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan is published three times a year in January, June, and October by Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University in collaboration with Indonesian Animal Husbandry Scientists Association (HILPI). Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan as the open access journal has been indexed by <strong>Garuda,&nbsp;Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),</strong>&nbsp;<strong>EuroPub,</strong> <strong>Science and Technology Index (SINTA),&nbsp;</strong>and&nbsp;<strong>Google Scholar</strong>.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan is currently an accredited journal under <strong>SINTA 3</strong> category by National Journal Accreditation (ARJUNA) under Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, Republic Indonesia as stipulated in the Decree No. 30.EKPT/2019.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan&nbsp;receives manuscripts encompass a broad range of research topics :&nbsp;livestock production, management and environment, breeding and genetics, livestock yield technology, and socio-economic livestock.</p> Bogor Agricultural University en-US Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan 2303-2227 Penggunaan Mikroorganisme Lokal dari Berbagai Formula terhadap Kualitas Biourine Kambing Terfortifikasi https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/29450 <p>Biourine which is widely known as liquid organic fertilizer is one of the alternative efforts in waste treatment, especially animal urine to become something that is more beneficial for the environment. One of the biourine benefit is to maintain soil fertility which is can increase farmer productivity. The aim of the research was to test the quality of local microorganisms (MOL) and goat biourine which had been made in different formulas, and to determine the best biourine in kale. MOL was made by four main raw materials, they are cow’s rumen, golden snail, bamboo shoots, and banana weevil. The making of MOL needed 14 days of processing in aerobic system. Then, 10% of MOL that had been made was added to goat urine to make biourine in the same aerobic system. The best biourine will be tested by watering kale. From the observations, it was obtained that the composition of raw materials from existing formulas affects the quality of the MOL produced. The quality affects the final result of the biourine. The best selected biourine has N and P content of 2.23% and 0.11% respectively. The amount of biourine applied to water kale was 0.4 ml / planting hole. The result showed kale which was watered by biourine treatment produced higher production levels than negative control plants but the difference was not significant. But these results was still lower than positive control by the treatment of chemical fertilizers.</p> K. Mahmuda Salundik P. D. M. H. Karti Copyright (c) 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 8 1 1 7 10.29244/jipthp.8.1.1-7 The Quality of Bali Beef from East Nusa Tenggara during Distribution Process from Slaughterhouse to Consumers https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/29451 <p>The aims of this study were to analyze the physicochemical quality and microbiological condition of Bali beef during distribution process from slaughterhouse to consumers. The study used six heads of Bali cattle from East Nusa Tenggara which were transported by Camara Nusantara cattle ship from East Nusa Tenggara (Kupang) to Tanjung Priok then they were slaughtered at Jatimulya slaughterhouse. Samples were taken from three points distribution: 1) at slaughterhouse, 2) at market, 3) at consumers’ freezer (beef after 3 days at consumers’ freezer). Observation on pH, water holding capacity, cooking loss and tenderness was done to measure the physicochemical quality of Bali beef. In terms of microbiology quantitative analysis of total plate count Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella sp were done on Bali beef. All data were analyzed statistically using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results showed that Bali beef during distribution had normal pH value ranges between 5.43 - 5.57, water holding capacity ranges between 37.1%-38.9%, tenderness ranges between 6.02-8.35 and cooking loss range between 40.26% - 49.72%. Total plate count showed that the number of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella sp. contaminated the Bali beef exceeds Indonesia national standard (3932:2008). However, the physicochemical quality of the beef was in the normal range. The characteristics of Bali beef at three points above mentioned are normal pH, stable water holding capacity, high level of tenderness, and low level of cooking loss.</p> A. Martiana I. I. Arief H. Nuraini E. Taufik Copyright (c) 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 8 1 8 14 10.29244/jipthp.8.1.8-14 Kualitas Semen Segar dan Produksi Semen Beku Sapi Pejantan Madura pada Musim yang Berbeda https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/29452 <p>Variation among breed and seasons were speculated influence to the quality of fresh semen bull. The aim of this research was to evaluate the quality of fresh semen and the potential of frozen semen production madura bull in rainy and dry seasons at Lembang Artificial Insemination Center (AIC). This research used secondary data of semen production from January to December 2015. In this research were used 5 bulls. The observed variables for macroscopic characteristics of fresh semen were volume, color, pH, and consistency, and microscopic characteristics of fresh semen were mass movement, motility, and concentration of spermatozoa. It could be concluded that the quality of fresh semen and the potential of frozen semen production of several madura bulls were relatively different in the rainy and dry seasons.</p> Komariah R. I. Arifiantini M. Aun E. Sukmawati Copyright (c) 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 8 1 15 21 10.29244/jipthp.8.1.15-21 Identifikasi Keragaman Gen TGF-β2 dan Asosiasinya dengan Sifat Pertumbuhan pada Ayam Tolaki https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/29453 <p>The transforming growth factor-beta 2 (TGF-β2) gene is a group of growth hormone (GH) genes that control the nature of growth and belongs to the cytokine group. This study aimed to identify Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) g.640 T&gt;C from the TGF-β2 gene then associated with the growth properties of tolaki chickens. Chicken blood samples used in this study amounted to 70 birds. Data on the nature of growth observed include; hatched weight, feed consumption, body weight, body weight gain and feed conversion. The TGF-β2 gene polymorphism was identified using the PCR-RFLP method. SNP g.640 T&gt;C in the TGF-β2 gene was polymorphic and wasin Hardy-Weinberg balance. Identification results found 2 alleles, namely T and C and 3 genotype namely TT, TC, and CC. The association of TGF-β2 gene diversity in tolaki chicken generally showed a difference (P&lt;0.05) on feed consumption, body weight and body weight gain. CC genotype has higher feed consumption, body weight, weight gain and more efficient feed conversion than TC and TT genotypes.</p> M. Akramullah C. Sumantri N. Ulupi M. A. Pagala Copyright (c) 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 8 1 22 29 10.29244/jipthp.8.1.22-29 Asosiasi c.248 A>G gen CD1B dengan IgY dan Titer ND pada Ayam Sentul Galur Sensi-1 Agrinak https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/29454 <p>The aim of this study was to identify the polymorphism of the CD1B gene in c.248 in exon 3 and its association with IgY and ND titers in sentul chicken Sensi-1 Agrinak line. IgY is the main antibody of chickens while the ND titer is an ND specific antibody, both of which have an important role in the response of disease resistance. The Cluster of differentiation 1B (CD1B) gene is one of the major genes of disease resistance that functions in representing antigens through specific immune responses. This study used 17 sensi-1 chicken lines. The study was conducted by PCR sequencing method, ELISA test, and HI test. The result showed mutation on c248 A&gt;G in exon 3. The SNP were polymorphic and Hardy Weinberg equilibrium. Thre were two A and G alleles and 3 genotypes namely AG, GG, and AA. The frequency of the GG genotype was higher (0.41) compared to other genotypes. The AG genotype were associated with IgY production and were not associated with ND titers.</p> M. F. Al-Habib S. Murtini A. Gunawan N. Ulupi C. Sumantri Copyright (c) 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 8 1 30 35 10.29244/jipthp.8.1.30-35 Strategi Pengembangan Kompetensi Sumber Daya Manusia Pasca Unloading dari Kapal Ternak Camara Nusantara Indonesia https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/29455 <p>The purpose of this study was to create strategy for developing Human Resource competency post unloading from Camara Nusantara Cattle Ship. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method were used for search the best alternative strategy for developing Human Resource competency post unloading from Camara Nusantara Cattle Ship. The expert selection was carried out to obtain priority weights or rankings in the AHP structure to determine post-unloading HR competency development strategies. Based on the results of the analysis that has been done that the most influential factor is facilities and infrastructure with a weight of 0.377. The actor who has the most role in determining the strategy to increase the competence of human resources after unloading from cattle ship is an expedition company with a weight of 0.269, with the primary objective being to maintain the quality of livestock (0.464). The most appropriate alternative strategy in the hierarchy with a weight of 0.324 is conducting competency-based training and development.</p> G. M. Toharmat A. M. Fuah L. Cyrilla Y. Triyonggo Copyright (c) 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 8 1 36 41 10.29244/jipthp.8.1.36-41 The TGF-β3 Gene Polymorphisms and Carcass Components in Kampung x Meat Type Chicken Cross https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/29456 <p>The TGF-β3 gene is a subtype of TGF-β superfamily that plays a crucial role in skeletal muscle growth. The objectives of this study were to identify the TGF-β3|BslI locus polymorphisms and to evaluate their effects on carcass components in Kampung and broiler chicken cross. A total of 129 chickens used in this study, consisting of: Kampung chickens (44), parent stock broilers Cobb strains (10), F1 Kampung x broilers (35), and F2 Kampung x broilers (40). The PCR-RFLP and direct sequencing techniques were used to obtain mutations in the intron 4 of TGF-β3 gene using the BslI restriction enzyme. The TGF-β3|BslI locus was polymorphic in all populations and three genotypes were found: CC, AA, and CA. No association was found between the three genotypes with the carcass components in F2 Kampung x broiler cross.</p> I. Khaerunnisa Jakaria C. Sumantri Copyright (c) 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 8 1 42 47 10.29244/jipthp.8.1.42-47 Respon Fisiologis Domba Lokal Dengan Frekuensi Pemberian Pakan dan Taraf Konsentrat Limbah Ulat Hongkong (Tenebrio molitor) yang Berbeda https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/29457 <p>The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of feeding frequency and level of Tenebrio molitor’s waste concentrate (TMC) on the physiological response of local sheep. A total 18 rams aged Io (8 months) with an average body weight of 14.72±2.44 kg (CV 16.91%) were used in this research. The reserch using 3x2 factorial randomized block design. Firts treatment was feeding frequency (2, 3 and 4 times/day) and second treatment was level of TMC ration (70% and 35% of TMC). The variables observed were physiological responses (pulse rate, rectal temperature, and respiration rate). The data were analyzed by ANOVA. The results showed that there was interaction effect between feeding frequency and TMC level on pulse rate and rectal temperature of sheep. The level of 35% TMC was significantly higher (P&lt;0.05) on respiration rate than 70% TMC when the sheep feed in the morning. The research concluded that frequency of feeding and the level TMC had a significant effect on physiological responses in local rams.</p> M. A. H. Kirjin S. Rahayu M. Baihaqi Copyright (c) 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 8 1 48 53 10.29244/jipthp.8.1.48-53