Genetic Diversity of the Endangered Endemic Anoa (Bubalus spp): Implication for Conservation
Anoa is an endemic ungulate in Sulawesi and its status now is endangered because the population continues to decline. Conservation genetics is one of the crucial issues in the anoa conservation strategy and action plan 2013-2022 document, but this genetic data is not yet available. To investigate and provide valuable information for conservation genetics measures, thirteen polymorphic microsatellites were used to analyze 20 adult anoa. Anoa has relatively low genetic diversity within populations (HO = 0.58), and high genetic differentiation among populations (FST = 0157). Although the anoa population has a bottleneck signal (T.P.M: 0.019; P0.05), the bottleneck simulation results show that the loss of genetic diversity is being slow over the next 100 years (9.5%). We provide some recommendations for conservation genetics based on the findings in this paper, including monitoring and genetically mapping for other anoa populations due to bottleneck signals, establishing the founder of the ex-situ population by examining their genetic diversity status, maintaining and increasing the number of individuals in the ex-situ population to genetically safe population size, and managing anoa populations by avoiding inbreeding. In-situ and ex-situ conservation programs should be combined to maintain the genetic diversity of anoa.
Copyright (c) 2022 Dwi Sendi Priyono, Dedy Duryadi Solihin, Achmad Farajallah, Bambang Purwantara
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
HAYATI J Biosci article's license is CC-BY-NC. This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon author's work, as long as they credit the original creation.
Authors who submit and publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal/publisher non exclusive publishing rights with the work simultaneously licensed under a https://creativecommons.org/
licenses/by-nc/4.0/Attributi on — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
- Authors can still use their work commercially
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).