Return to Article Details <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:justify;text-indent:14.15pt;line-height:normal;"><strong><span style="font-size:9pt;">Tissue culture technique was used to obtain salt tolerant variants from embryogenic calluses of sugarcane (<em>Saccharum </em>sp. var. CP48-103) that cultured on a selective medium containing different levels of NaCl (0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8% NaCl). A total of four plants regenerated from the tolerant calluses were selected but the best of them in vigor grown in <em>in vitro</em> and hydroponic systems under salinity stress to comparison with source variety. With increasing supply of NaCl in both systems, root growth was more adversely affected than was shoot growth. Chlorophyll contents showed a decreasing trend and dry matter yield of plants reduced but in a slow rate in tolerant somaclonal than source variety. The biochemical analysis showed that at high salt concentration, Cl</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:5pt;">-</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:9pt;"><span> </span>and Na</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:5pt;">+</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:9pt;"><span> </span>content in shoot and root increased. With rising salt concentration from 0 to 0.8%, content of Cl</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:5pt;">-</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:9pt;"><span> </span>in shoot and root of tolerant variant changed lower than parent showed that this variant had genetic lowest ratio of shoot/root chloride and had minimum transport of Cl</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:5pt;">-</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:9pt;"><span> </span>to shoots. Also this variant had high content of Ca</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:5pt;">2+</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:9pt;"><span> </span>in shoot and high K</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:5pt;">+</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:9pt;">/Na</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:5pt;">+</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:9pt;"><span> </span>ratio at all salinity levels. Thus it probably has genetic potential to avoid harmful ions uptake.</span></strong></p> Download Download PDF