Mangkuprawira, Sjafri, Indonesia
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 33 No. 1 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
This study is aim to analyze the expost (2001-2004) and exante (2007-2010) impacts of industrial relation issues on Indonesian economy in the era of regional autonomy. To reach this objective, a simultaneous equations model containing 34 stuctural equations and 18 identity equations is constructed. Time series 1980-2004 data was used in this study and model was estimated by 2SLS Method, SYSLIN Procedure. Historical and forcasting simulation used the SIMNLIN Procedure. Estimated parameters of the model suggest that an increase of minimum wage policy, emergence of labour union and strike cases affect significantly on investment, agregate supply, unemployment and inflation. Results of the simulations analysis indicate that solving industrial relation issues is potential to increase investment and agregate supply as well as to decrease unemployment and inflation in 2007-2010.
Key words: industrial relation issues, economy, regional autonomy
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 33 No. 2 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
The objectives of this research are: (1) To analyze labor structural transformation in West Java Province, (2) To analyze linkage intersector on labor structure transformation process interfarm, industry and other sectors, (3) To analyze impact of fiscal decentralization on economic growth and labor structure transformation in West Java Province. In order to answer the above, a simultaneous equation model was established, consisting of 32 structural equations and 15 identity equations. Furthermore, this research used data pooling where data were analyzed with descriptive analysis, econometrics model, as well as predictions using a variety of policy scenario alternatives. Model was then estimated by 2SLS method with SYSLIN procedures, while prediction simulation was performed by using SIMNLIN procedures. In its development era, West Java province have done transformation structure of labor. During this labor structure transformation process, the decrease on agricultural sector contribution was not automatically followed by increase in labor contribution in industrial sector since it was absorbed by other sectors such as the informal ones. The increase in local taxes receipt gave a positive impact on output growth, but it had a negative impact on agriculture labor, and it had lead to labor structure transformation. The result also showed that an increase in personel current expenditure and regional income from DAU gave a positive impact on agriculture output growth and it had not lead to labor structure transformation. Next, the increase development expenditure for agriculture gave a positive impact on output growth agriculture, but it had a negative impact on total output growth and it had not lead to labor structure transformation. Expenditure for infrastructure had a positive impact on output growth, and it had lead to labor structure transformation.
Key words: fiscal decentralization policy, economic growth, labor structure transformation, simultaneous equation model
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 33 No. 3 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
The objectives of this research are identifying factors that influence the farmer’s decision to develop human resources and analyzing the role of human resources development to the income of farmer household. Theoretical framework based on the analysis of farmer household economic using descriptive analysis and econometric using single equation. The research location at province of Yogyakarta Province that are Bantul District represent coastal area and Kulon Progo District represents mountainous area. The result of economic analysis shows factors that influence the farmer’s decision to make activity in human resources investment are farmer’s motivation, farmer’s education, amount of family members, farmer’s savings, perceptions toward human resources development and relation with organization. Investment for human resources development at coastal area is higher than at mountainous area. The income of farmers at coastal area influenced by education investment and health investment, while the income of farmers at mountainous area influenced by farmers education and family member education. The implication of this research are the government facilitate better education and health services for farmers household, in order to access finance and market organization easier, optimizing all institution at rural area.
Key words: model of farmers household economic, human resources development and income of farmer household