Kartodihardjo, Hariadi, Indonesia
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 33 No. 2 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
Sericulture has been long time in South Sulawesi become one of agriculture activities. Silk clothes is a tradition in South Sulawesi culture. South Sulawesi is the main producer of cocoon and raw silk in Indonesia. In recent years, the production of cocoon and raw silk was decreasing because of many factors, while demand of raw silk for weaving industry was increasing. The purpose of this study are to find the relation among institution, conduct and performance of sericulture activity, to find institutional arrangement of sericulture, to find incentive that can improve efficiency and performance of sericulture. The study was carried out in Enrekang and Soppeng of South Sulawesi and Luoding City of Guangdong Province, China. Data were collected using structured interviews, direct observation and documentations. The sample was consisted of 84 farmers, 3 civil servants, 2 sericulture experts, 2 egg producers, drawn using combination of random sampling and purposive sampling. The result of the study show that the difference in performance of sericulture in South Sulawesi and Guangdong because the difference in contract agreement between farmer and cocoon buyer, which make the the conduct of the farmer in Guangdong more consistent in their farming. Sericulture in South Sulawesi need to arrange their economic institution to improve their performance.
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 31 No. 3 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
The establishment process of Gunung Halimun National Park resulted in tenurial insecurity for local people, farmers, and hunters. This condition leads to the open conflict between local people and the government. One of the issues that make local people fight for is their rights to have an access and control toward the resources. As a development model of sustainable tourism, ecotourism has been used to respond this type of conflict. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether or not the ecotourism development in the case study perform the ideal criteria of ecotourism concept and to determine how the existing institutional arrangement support the fulfillment of the criteria. Two analytical methods were used to achieve these goals. They were analysis of the performance of ecotourism criteria and institutional analysis of ecotourism development (consists of stakeholder analysis, need analysis and policy analysis). The results of ecotourism assessment showed that the ecotourism development in the case study do not fulfill the ideal criteria of ecotourism. While the result of institutional analysis indicated three main findings, namely, insufficient rules and policy to guide ecotourism development, unequal role between stakeholders of ecotourism development, and lack of accountability in implementing the roles in the study area. This study suggests that in order to perform the ideal ecotourism development, stakeholders should develop agreed local ecotourism policy, reinforce existing organization and improve the capacity of human resources.
Key words: ecotourism, institution, national park, policy analysis, qualitative analysis