Darusman, Dudung, Indonesia
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 34 No. 3 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
After the reform era, forest management approaches tend to change from state-based to community-based. Arising awareness about the importance of involving communities in forest management, it will not succed without support from the community. Since 2001, Perhutani has implemented a partnership program in the form of CBFM (Joint Forest Management Society), designed to accommodate the dynamic and needs of the community. This paper aims to study the perception of society, equality of status of the community, and to formulate alternative forestry policy. This research was quantitative and qualitative research. Sample were taken purposively. Research location in Perhutani office (BKPH) of Parung Panjang, KPH Bogor. Public perceptions of CBFM are positive and able to increase revenue, income, absorb labour, and grow productive business. Biophysical condition are better with the following: the fire and illegal logging are reduced, and the rehabilitation of forest is better. However, it is difficult for the community to get water since Acacia mangium were planted. The level of community participation in planning and evaluation is low but high in the implementation. The pattern of partnership is asymmetrical because the decision-making is dominated by Perhutani officers. In the cooperative agreement, there are many inequalities positions. CBFM is derivative of developmentalist ideology contrary to the principles of community empowerment. The partnership is focused more on corporate interests, and is used as reducer of conflict. Policy scenarios of CBFM are institutional strengthening, acces to forest resources, equality in forest management partnership, and productive business.
Key words: community forestry, partnership, equality, institutional
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 33 No. 4 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
Mangrove forest ecosystem is an important ecosystem in a coastal area in order to improve the welfare of coastal villages as well as to improve the productivity of coastal ecosystem. The purposes of this research were (1) to identify indicators of sustainable mangrove forest ecosystem; (2) to analyze the ecological, economic and social conditions of mangrove forest ecosystem; (3) to analyze index sustainability of mangrove forest ecosystem and (4) to formulate strategies for sustainable mangrove forest ecosystem in Western Part of Seram, Maluku. This research applied multidimensional scaling (MDS), leverage analysis, Monte Carlo analysis and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) to analyze data. Research showed that dimension of ecology, economy, and social was high sustainable, low sustainable and unsustainable respectively. Among 22 indicators analyzed there were 6 sensitive indicators which affected local sustainability index. These sensitive indicators should be improved to increase local sustainability index in the future.
Key words: mangrove sustainability indicators, mangrove sustainability index
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 33 No. 2 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
Sericulture has been long time in South Sulawesi become one of agriculture activities. Silk clothes is a tradition in South Sulawesi culture. South Sulawesi is the main producer of cocoon and raw silk in Indonesia. In recent years, the production of cocoon and raw silk was decreasing because of many factors, while demand of raw silk for weaving industry was increasing. The purpose of this study are to find the relation among institution, conduct and performance of sericulture activity, to find institutional arrangement of sericulture, to find incentive that can improve efficiency and performance of sericulture. The study was carried out in Enrekang and Soppeng of South Sulawesi and Luoding City of Guangdong Province, China. Data were collected using structured interviews, direct observation and documentations. The sample was consisted of 84 farmers, 3 civil servants, 2 sericulture experts, 2 egg producers, drawn using combination of random sampling and purposive sampling. The result of the study show that the difference in performance of sericulture in South Sulawesi and Guangdong because the difference in contract agreement between farmer and cocoon buyer, which make the the conduct of the farmer in Guangdong more consistent in their farming. Sericulture in South Sulawesi need to arrange their economic institution to improve their performance.