Sanim, Bunasor, Indonesia

  • Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 31 No. 4 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles

    The implementation of fiscal decentralization in accordance with Law No 32/2004 regarding local government and No. 33/2004 regarding inter-government fiscal relationship was considered as the new era management and local government budget.  The objectives of this study were (1) to identify factors affecting regional fiscal, regional economy, poverty ond food security and (2) to evaluate impact of fiscal decentralization policy on poverty and food security in West Java.  The descriptive analysis and dynamic simultaneous equation models were used in this study, using pooled time series data of 1995-2005 and cross section data of 13 kabupatens estimated using the 2SLS method.  The result of the study showed that the DAU was the source of 68% of regional income.The routine expenditures were the largest regional expenditures (77%).  The policy of increasing agricultural development expenditures and wages affect poverty alleviation and increase food security in West Java.

     

    Key words: fiscal decentralization, economics growth, poverty allevation, food security


    Abstract  PDF
  • Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 30 No. 1 (2007): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles

    Inorganic farming practices could have negative impact on environmental degradation due to excessive usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.  One of many efforts to re-establish land productivity and reduce environmental degradation is by way of practising organic farming.  The objective of this study is to explore and develop organic farming micro enterprise system supported by micro finance institution and its implication on relevant policies.  The methods used in this study include soft system methodology approach utilizing total system intervention (TSI) mechanism that covers the principles of complementarism, social awareness and emancipation, and commitment to human well-being in the context of poverty alleviation.  The techniques being adopted include business feasibility, comparative performance index, strategic asumption surfacing test and analytical hierarchy process.  Case study was conducted in Garut regency, West Java.  The performance of organic farming activity in Garut regency is considered adequate while the most preferable micro finance institution supporting agricultural sector is the saving and loan unit from cooperative organization, but on the other hand the micro banking sector has not been attracted in general to extend credit financing to agricultural sector due mainly to risk factor.  Eventually this study has been able to introduce a concept of empowering micro enterprise in organic farming involving credit guarantee institution, technical assistance and production of organic fertilizers and pesticides. In view of enhancing the financing of organic farming, the concept of credit for microenterprise in organic farming is introduced for further development and implementation.  Furthermore the policy implication of this study is iniciatives for poverty reduction trust fund and coordinating institution for micro financing institutions and the relevant law governing micro credit and micro finance institutions.

     

    Key words: organic farming, fertilizer, pesticide, micro enterprise, micro credit, micro finance institution
    Abstract  PDF
  • Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 34 No. 2 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles

    Knowledge-based economics can[1] be achieved by using the role of knowledge to commercialize university research result in the agroindustry activities.  Collaboration as a model to realize transfer of technology between university and agroindustry is institutional proven model.  The use of science and technology in the new era of knowledge-based economy is expected to contribute in improvement of nation competitiveness.  Decision making in the complex, dynamic and probabilistic problem as founded in the collaboration model needs analytical tools such as analytical hierarchy process (AHP), fuzzy inference system (FIS) and artificial neural network (ANN) as well as the combination of both techniques which is one of the best method for designing Model of University and Small, Medium Agroindustry collaboration in transferring technology as a reliable model in the future.  Takagi-Sugeno-Kang Inference System is used to have input-output mapping using fuzzy logic, and artificial neural network with back propagation mechanism is used to get optimal membership parameters.  Knowledge acquisition of the experts are needed together with ANFIS (adaptive network fuzzy inference system).  After having simulation using Matlab program by combining ANFIS for Fuzzy membership function and certainty factor for non fuzzy membership function, recommendation is made on networking as collaboration pattern on transferring of innovation technology is the best choice, and fishery agroindustry using incubator technology as institution model is the best evidence of certainty factor achieved.

     

    Key words: collaboration model, technology transfer, AHP, neuro-fuzzy and takagi sugeno inference


    6) Fakultas Matematika dan IPA, Universitas Indonesia


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  • Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 31 No. 4 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles

    The change of environmental problem is very complex.  The highest population growth caused supply of land and natural resources to be increased.  If it does not control, it can influence natural resources stock and disturbs environmental balance system land use control is part of Bogor land use planning.  The objectives of this research were (1) to analyze the dynamics of land use and population in the period of 1972-2005 in Bogor Municipality, (2) to develop dynamics model and analyze the relation between the instrument of land use control and the factors related to the sustaina tozbility of Bogor Municipality, and (3) to analyze stakeholders’ roles benefited to space control system in Bogor Municipality.  The methods used for this research were (1) GIS analysis to observe the alteration influence landcover in period 1972-2005, (2) dynamic system analysis for landcover using in Bogor Municipality, and (3) AHP analysis to observe stakeholders’ role controlling use of landcover in Bogor Municipality.  This research indicate that the dynamic of landcover such as forestry, mixed plantation, and open area (1972, 1983 and 1990) before to be extended were larger than after.  For the landcover change such as resettlement, bush, water and wetland showed that were larger than before extended (2000 and 2005).  The population dynamic analysis showed the optimum increasing on 1985-2020 (22,38%) but was not followed by good landcover use planning as indicated by forestry depletion from 25% to 2%, depletion of mixed plantation from 42% to 36%, resettlement need increased from 12% to 43%, and declining open area from 17% to 2%.  These showed that Bogor developments were unsustainable.  The dynamic analysis showed the correlation between the environmental component and land use control.  Land use control to achieve Bogor sustainable development need many aspect such as land area, population number waste number, vehicle number, the length of roads and the role of stakeholder on land use control system in Bogor municipality though license mechanism and control.  The government can influence land use control at level of controlling and level of licensing.  For the government input as the authority that gives the permission of land using need to be consistent on the regulation they made.

     

    Key words: the dynamic, land use model, and controlling


    Abstract  PDF
  • Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 20 No. 1 (1997): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
    Analisis Struktur dan Kinerja Perdagangan Internasional Indonesia Khususnya Produk Primer dan Non Primer Pertanian
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