Saleh, Amiruddin, Indonesia
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 34 No. 4 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
This study was to analyze factors influencing the performance of agricultural extension workers and their impact on the competence of cacao farmers. A number of 116 agricultural extension workers, 116 groups of farmer leaders and 232 cacao farmers from four districts in South Sulawesi were participated in this study. LISREL program with SEM was used in analyzing data. The result shows that the agricultural extension workers performance was influenced significantly by characteristic, competence, motivation and self reliance. The total impact of them was 71%. The suggestion was that their performance must be improved by providing special training to improve their capability in agricultural extension planning, monitoring and evaluation, agricultural extension development and technology dissemination.
Key words: agricultural extension workers, competence of cacao farmers, performance
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 34 No. 2 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
Cooperative is an economic organization of farmers who have strategic positions in improving the welfare of its members and is a constitutional mandate to strengthen the national economy in anticipation of neoliberal economic development in an era of global trade. To strengthen the Village Unit Cooperatives (KUD) requires information through the development model of effective KUD organizational communication. The purposes of this research were (1) to examine the role of KUD organizational communication factors for performance and capacity development as agriculture economic organization, (2) to analyze the correlation of KUD organizational communication factors in associated with KUD role in efforts to improve utilization of rice milling, (3) to formulate a model of KUD organizational communication in anticipating the globalization era. KUD sample of fair active category as the analysis unit consists of five KUD in Karawang District, they are KUD Sri Mukya, KUD Sumber Padi, KUD Warga Bakti, KUD Warga Tani and KUD Mitra Tani. This research was designed with survey method using SEM analysis (structural equation model). It was conducted at research location in December 2009 until March 2010. SEM analysis result showed that there was a positive and significance of the KUD performance to KUD capacity for KUD service quality improvement in the utilization of rice milling, which means testing the main hypothesis or alternative hypothesis (Ha) is accepted.
Key words: organization communication, village unit cooperatives, role of agricultural mechanization
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 34 No. 1 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
The objectives of this research were to identify gender relation, communication channels and the use of agricultural information, to analyze the correlation between gender relation and communication channels, the correlation between communication channels and the use of agricultural information. The research was conducted in the Sub-District of Pacet, District of Cianjur and Sub-District of Megamendung, District of Bogor in the West Java Province. The research used a method of survey taking 134 samples of organic vegetable farmers consisting of 67 men and 67 women. The quantitative data was obtained from the questionnaires given to the farmers and supported by qualitative data collected by in-depth interviews. The research results indicate that men often used personal communication, but women seldom choose the personal channel. Both men and women seldom used the mass media channel. Both men and women often use agricultural information for themselves for practice and comparison but seldom for discussion with others. Men and women were both active in information seeking and discussing the received information, but in the control of agricultural information men were more dominant than women. Among women, the group had a significant relationship with information control, whereas among men the mass media had a significant correlation with information control. The agricultural information from a personal channel was used by men for themselves for the purpose of practice, comparison, discussion, or diffusion. However, among women, the agricultural information was used for comparison, discussion, and diffusion. The group channel omong men was used to diffuse agricultural information whereas among woman it was for comparison, discussion and diffusion. The agricultural information from the mass media was used by men for their own knowledge, comparison and diffusion. Women liked to discuss agricultural information with husbands and families.
Key words: communication channels, access, control of agricultural information, gender