Kurniawan, Ahmad Yousuf, Indonesia
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 31 No. 2 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles
South Kalimantan is a province with large dryland area. This potency can be used for maize cultivation that will contribute to national maize production and play an important role as import substitution. One of the major problems in maize cultivation is its low productivity that might be caused by its low efficiency of input use. The objectives of this research are (1) to estimate factors influencing maize production and to analyze dryland farming efficiency, both in technical and allocative efficiency of dryland farming, and (2) to analyze dryland maize farming competitiveness in Kabupaten Tanah Laut, South Kalimantan, and the efficiency effect to its competitiveness. The methods used are the stochastic frontier production function and the dual frontier cost function for the first objective, and criterion of private cost ratio and domestic resources cost ratio for the second objective. The results showed that land, seed, organic fertilizer, P-fertilizer, pesticide, labor and land treatment significantly influence production. Generally, the farmers at research area have been technically efficient but allocatively inefficient. In order to increase economic efficiency, reduction in N-fertilizer is suggested. The maize commodity in Kabupaten Tanah Laut is profitable and has competitive and comparative advantages. The increasing of allocative efficiency will increase the competitiveness.