Author Details

., Marimin, Indonesia

  • Vol 34, No 4 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles

    In order to achieve planning consensus, involvement of stakeholders in coastal zone management, have to be concerned.   The participatory prospective analysis (PPA) is a comprehensive and quickly operational framework designed to fulfill the demand for a well-structured effort of anticipation and exploration, that also focuses on interactions and consensus building among stakeholders. PPA was carried out through an expert meeting for coastal zone management planning, as a part of developing system of coastal zone spatial planning, in Lampung Bay. The PPA was aimed to involve stakeholders to generate identification and definition of key variables, definition of the states of variables in the future, building scenarios, and formulation of strategic implications and anticipated actions for coastal zone management. A number of 27 participants from various representative backgrounds, i.e.: local government, fisherman and aqua culturist, local people and entrepreneurs, and local university, was involved in experts meeting. As a result was obtained 6 variables that have the largest influence in coastal zone management of Lampung Bay, they are: quality of human resource, law enforcement, population growth, regional infrastructure, local economic activities, and regional zoning. Consensually, participants was  invented strategic implications and anticipated actions, that have to be accommodated in  coastal zone  management, they are: (1) accomplish requirement of infrastructure and facilities of health and education; (2) develop of micro, small, and medium business (MSMB)  centers  that associated with marine and fisheries; (3) accomplish requirement of housing that comprise proper infrastructure and sanitation facilities; (4) assembly synergy on spatial arrangement among cities  and regencies; (5) assembly spatial arrangement which able to drive development of MSMB in coastal zone; (6) assembly spatial arrangement which able to drive proportional distribution of population in coastal zone, and also proportionally secure the management of conservation and production areas.  Finally, it is concluded that: (1) the PPA could accomplish  direct interactions among  stakeholders intensively and generate consensus opinions; (2) the PPA could be a platform for stakeholders involvement in order to  establish keys variable of planning, define  future states of variables, scenarios building, and strategic implications and anticipated actions for integrated planning of coastal zone of Lampung Bay; (3) stakeholders involvement is the key of  simplification  of policies formulation for  integrated planning of coastal zone of Lampung Bay, in which various of interest could be accommodated.  

    Key words:  participatory prospective analysis, stakeholders, consensus, coastal zone management, Lampung Bay


    Abstract  PDF
  • Vol 34, No 4 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles

    Semarang waterfront city is a unique ecosystem with a great variety of potentialities as well as problems in the utilization of natural resources, particularly in the trade-off between economic growth and ecological preservation. Based on those conditions, the research is mainly focused upon designing some scenarios on environmental management, which ensure a profitable synergy of all stakeholders without sacrificing the principles of environmental conservation. Secondly, it is to design an interaction model among variables in the bio-physic, economy and social subsystems, in order to increase sources of learning and sustainable use of natural resources. Using a dynamic system, the main inputs of the designed model are the feasibility of natural resources management as a product of extended cost-benefit analysis (ECBA), the suitable option of natural resources management, as an input of comparative performance index (CPI), the integrated sustainability of using multidimensional scaling, the suitable land-use planning through geographic information system (GIS). From those main inputs the waterfront city environmental management policy can be observed as an output of analytical hierarchy processes (AHP).  The feasibility study shows that all of natural resources management options are feasible to be developed, where sustainable management, sustainable harvest and beach protected areas depict the most feasible management options.  Based on the results of the integrated sustainability research using multidimension scaling, the management of waterfront cities has to prioritize attention to the five important factors, i.e., (1) the issues of community empowerment; (2) the rate of land utilization; (3) the contribution of the industrial sector; (4) the availability of electricity and; (5) the availability of community organizations.

    Key words: sustainable environmental management, coastal and marine zone, dynamic and spatial dynamic system, waterfront policy strategy


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  • Vol 34, No 2 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles

    Knowledge-based economics can[1] be achieved by using the role of knowledge to commercialize university research result in the agroindustry activities.  Collaboration as a model to realize transfer of technology between university and agroindustry is institutional proven model.  The use of science and technology in the new era of knowledge-based economy is expected to contribute in improvement of nation competitiveness.  Decision making in the complex, dynamic and probabilistic problem as founded in the collaboration model needs analytical tools such as analytical hierarchy process (AHP), fuzzy inference system (FIS) and artificial neural network (ANN) as well as the combination of both techniques which is one of the best method for designing Model of University and Small, Medium Agroindustry collaboration in transferring technology as a reliable model in the future.  Takagi-Sugeno-Kang Inference System is used to have input-output mapping using fuzzy logic, and artificial neural network with back propagation mechanism is used to get optimal membership parameters.  Knowledge acquisition of the experts are needed together with ANFIS (adaptive network fuzzy inference system).  After having simulation using Matlab program by combining ANFIS for Fuzzy membership function and certainty factor for non fuzzy membership function, recommendation is made on networking as collaboration pattern on transferring of innovation technology is the best choice, and fishery agroindustry using incubator technology as institution model is the best evidence of certainty factor achieved.

     

    Key words: collaboration model, technology transfer, AHP, neuro-fuzzy and takagi sugeno inference


    6) Fakultas Matematika dan IPA, Universitas Indonesia


    Abstract  PDF
  • Vol 32, No 4 (2009): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles

    Growth of Makassar City as metropolitan have been increasing urban economic growth and social community change, however, it caused problems non-bus public passenger transport management policy not integrated with urban spatial planning policy as one unity.  Research objectives are aimed to design model of sustainable transportation management for non-bus public passenger transport integrated with urban spatial planning, to evaluate existing route pattern performance and to identify and to manage potentially polluted corridor from emission gas.  Research methods consist of three phases namely valuating of route performance with descriptive analysis, identifying gas emission and zoning management with level of services, hierarchy analytical process (AHP), and designing priority policy model with geographic information system (GIS) and exponential comparative method (MPE).  The results are: (i) the road level of services performance with the bigger traffic composition are motorcycle and non-bus public passenger transport and densities of primary roads as compared to secondary roads with level of services of C, B, and A for variation between collector and artery roads; (ii) vehicle emission as standard of very small as compared to step over standard and gas ambient by CO are sedan/jeep, kijang, pick-up, bus, non-bus public passenger transport and mini bus, and mini truck on the artery road, (iii) the priority alternatives on zoning arrangement are first for environmental facility improvement, vehicle arrangement, location decision, and institutions arrangement; (iv) model of sustainable transportation management with GIS is spatial database and transportation maps of selected route and zoning arrangement whereas policy priorities are regarding management aspect improving level of service which consider road capacity, real speed, and volume ratio and regarding policy aspect ascertaining spatial plan as a dominant factor for zoning arrangement in relation to vehicle pollution.

     

    Key words: non-bus public passenger transport, sustainable, spatial, route, emission
    Abstract  PDF
  • Vol 34, No 2 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana - Articles

    Semarang waterfront is a unique ecosystem which has a variety potentialities and problem of using some natural resources, especially in the trade-off between economic growth and ecological preservation.  Generally the handling operation of waterfront city in Indonesia is not effective, caused by (1) low budged and increase the poverty; (2) over loaded investment; (3) destroyed of ecology and ecosystem; (4) the lost of local wisdom; and (5) other problem in commonly urban city.  Based on these conditions, this research aimed to design an environmental management policy ensuring a profitable synergy of all stakeholders without sacrificing the principles of environmental conservation.  The objective of this study was to analyze the index and sustainability status of the Semarang waterfront area, based on five sustainable dimensions.  Secondary data resources have been used from literature study and references, primary data have been received from questionairy feedback and expert judgement survey.  The analysis  used multi dimensional scalling (MDS) method, called Rap-WITEPA, and the results were stated in the index and sustainability status.The second objective was to analyze the attributes that affect sensitivity on index and sustainability status and the effect of error using Laverage and Monte Carlo Analysis.  The result of this study show that ecological dimension was in the status of less sustainable (49,34), economical dimension was sufficient sustainable (53,96), socio-culture dimension was sufficient sustainable (52,21), dimension of infrastructure and technology was sufficient sustainable (56,72) and dimension of law & institutional was the highest sufficient sustainability value index (57,19).  Out of 94 attributes analyzed, there were 50 attributes need to be handled immediately as they affect sensitivity on the increase of index and sustainability status with negligible error in the level of 95% confidence limit.  It was concluded that an important factor of waterfront city handling operation design in Semarang is social community development, land use efficiency, industry contribution, electricity, and local society organization.

     

    Key words: sustainability index, sustainability status, waterfront city


    Abstract  PDF