Vol 33, No 3 (2010)

Forum Pascasarjana

Table of Contents

Articles

Dewan Editor
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Demitria Dewi, Harianto ., Sjafri Mangkuprawira, Nunung Kusnadi
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Riny Kusumawati, Hermanto Siregar, Sugeng Budiharsono, Wonny A. Ridwan
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Farming model of the crop livestock system in the paddy field is located at Cianjur Distric.  The crop livestock system is an effort to increase rice production that be integrated with livestock.  The purpose of the assessment was to find out the role of cattle on the farmer income through the integrated farming system based on the technology innovations on Cianjur district.  The integration pattern was the utilization of plant straws as feed and manure for fertilizer.  Integrated farming system that has been introduced are paddy planting, livestock fattening, and paddy straw fermentation  for food and also ecreement of livestock for organic fertilizer processing.  The assessment involved livestock and 5 ha paddy planting area.  The farmer consist of 2 groups ie.: 20 cooperator group (integrated system), and 10 control (non integrated).  The assessment results showed that rice yield was 5.34 tons/ha of dried ground rice, an increase of 16.09% compared to those yielded by other farmers.  The use of inorganic fertilizer decreased urea to 100 kg/ha (N 71.43%), SP-36 50 kg/ha (50%), KCl 50 kg/ha (50%).  The average of daily weight gain was 0.89 kg/cattle daily.  The income of farmers with the integrated farming system was Rp 9,417,907 for ones hectare land and 2 beef cattle with R/C ratio of 1.27. The average organic fertilizer yielded was 5 kg/cattle daily, the rice straw yielded was 13.20 tons/ha/year.  The C/N ratio of composted feces was 19.03%.  Total income from paddy (5 ha) and livestock (20 heads) integrated farming system about Rp 24,867,500 and Rp 60,675,333/season and provide R/C value about 1.44, meanwhile R/C value of non integrated farming system about 1.33.  It means, paddy and livestock integrated farming system could increase farmer’s income about 69,45% per season compared to non integrated farming.

 

Key words: integration, paddy, livestock, fermentation

Ruli Basuni, Muladno Basar, Cecep Kusmana, Suryahadi .
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Handayani Boa, Yusman Syaukat, Idqan Fahmi
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The objectives of this research were to identify types of communication media in delivering messages based on media preferences by the community, to identify conservation education effect to the knowledge, attitude and behavior of the community in forest resources conservation, and to identify influence factor in media effectiveness.  The research was conducted in 7 villages within Kelay Subdistric and City of Tanjung Redeb for 18 monthes (November 2007 until April 2009) which managed by three phases: first phase, preparation in identification and designing media and outreach program using multi-stakeholder workshop, focus group discussion and survey methodology; second phase, implementation activities by delivering the message used various communication media; third phase, evaluation and monitoring of media effectiveness by conducting identification of influence factor and changing in knowledge, behavior and attitude of the community in forest resources conservation.  The results showed that knowledge of the community about the status of the area increased by 48%, where as community knowledge about the status of Sungai Lesanes protected area increased by 60.73%.  Support to the area establish in local community increased by 22.51%.  Based on Likert scale, community attitude was very strong (90.78% to 94.08%), attitude of the community related to the sustainability of forest use was still high (from 73.39% to 74.70%).  Changing behavior after implementation activities was happened, indicated with the communities initiative in land use planning in Sido Bangen village and initiative in arranging participative planning with villager in Merapun and Muara Lesan village.  Developing communication media based on community reference that implemented in environmental education has effective effect in delivering the conservation message to the community. The effective media for rural community generally has characteristic such as visual media and entertainment (e.q. poster and song).  

 

Key words: conservation education, forest resources, knowledge, attitude, behavior

Agustina Tandi Bunna, E.K.S Harini Muntasib, Burhanuddin M asy’ud
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Marliati ., Sumardjo ., Pang S. Asngari, Prabowo Tjitropranoto, Asep Saefuddin
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Forum Pascasarjana
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