Management Model of Reef Fisheries in Karimunjawa National Park

  • Ririn Irnawati
  • Domu Simbolon
  • Budy Wiryawan
  • Bambang Murdiyanto
  • Tri Wiji Nurani


Karimunjawa National Park (KNP) inhabited mostly by fisherman. Its area surrounds by 111.625 ha as waters. Fishing zone is dedicated for traditional fisheries. Therefore the capture fisheries in KNP should be adjusted to ccommodate conservancy and utilization objectives. The objective of the research is to design management model of reef fisheries in KNP. Selection of leading fish product was conducted by implementing comparative performance index. Potency of reef fish resources was performed by using bio-economic model. Optimization number of fishing gear is performed by using LGP. Feasibility study for fishery business was conducted with R/C, ROI, PP, NPV, B/C, and IRR criteria. Policy and institutional for capture  fisheries was conducted by using institutional analysis. The result shows the leading fish from reef fish is jack trevallies and yellow tail; reef fish potency is 174.225,68 kg/year; the fishing technology for reef fish are hand line  (1.412 units) and traps  (102 units);  hand line, fish trap, and muroami  are  competent to develop  continuously in KNP area; the policy of reef fisheries need to coordinate between stakeholders and institutions  to gain optimal management; the institutional that involve in management are fishermen group, BTNKJ, DKP, NGO, fisherman’s business group, and educational institutions.


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Author Biographies

Ririn Irnawati
Jurusan Perikanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa Serang
Domu Simbolon
Dept. Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan, FPIK, IPB
Budy Wiryawan
Dept. Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan, FPIK, IPB
Bambang Murdiyanto
Dept. Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan, FPIK, IPB
Tri Wiji Nurani
Dept. Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan, FPIK, IPB