Agromet <p><strong>Agromet</strong> is published twice a year by the Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology (PERHIMPI) in collaboration with Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, IPB University. Agromet publishes original research articles or reviews that have not been published elsewhere. The scope of publication related to weather and climate issues (agriculture, forestry, water resources, environment, ecology, and health as affected by weather and climate variability and change).&nbsp;</p> PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology) en-US Agromet 0126-3633 Propagation Characteristics of Madden Julian Oscillation in the Indonesian Maritime Continent: Case Studies for 2020-2022 <p>Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) can affect weather and climate variability in the Indonesian Maritime Continent. MJO propagation is not always the same, previous research has classified MJO into 4 categories: slow, fast, stand, and jump. The objective of this study is to investigate the differences in MJO propagation and the factors that impact it. Daily data for variables such as Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR), zonal wind, and sea surface temperature are utilized in this research. The collected data is processed using composite methods based on the 8 MJO phases, with a specific focus on the years 2020, 2021, and 2022. The research findings suggest that warm sea surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean and zonal winds dominated by Kelvin waves are favorable for MJO propagation. Conversely, cooling sea surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean and zonal winds dominated by equatorial Rossby waves can hinder MJO propagation. Future researchers are expected to examine the impact of MJO propagation during extreme rainfall occurrences in several regions of Indonesia, as well as the application of machine learning and deep learning methods to predict MJO propagation in the future.</p> Fadhilatul Istiqomah Erma Yulihastin Joko Wiratmo Eddy Hermawan Nurjanna Joko Trilaksono Dasapta Erwin Irawan Kristy Natasha Yohanes Amalia Qurrotu Ayunina Copyright (c) 2024 Fadhilatul Istiqomah, Erma Yulihastin, Joko Wiratmo, Eddy Hermawan, Nurjanna Joko Trilaksono, Dasapta Erwin Irawan, Kristy Natasha Yohanes, Amalia Qurrotu Ayunina 2024-02-02 2024-02-02 38 1 1 12 10.29244/j.agromet.38.1.1-12 Climate Influences on Latex Yield in South Sumatra, Indonesia <p>This study addresses the impact of climate variability on latex yield. Field research was carried out in the Indonesian Rubber Research Institute Experimental Field, located in South Sumatra, Indonesia for 2020 to 2022. The study used mature IRR 118 clones of rubber (<em>Hevea brasiliensis</em>) planted in clay loam soil. Latex yields for dry and rainy seasons were compared to obtain the effects of climatic factors. A purposive sampling of latex clone IRR 118 was applied in the field. The results showed that declined rainfall and soil moisture content contributed to the low latex yield during dry season. A declined water availability acts as a limiting factor resulting in decreased latex yield. Latex yield consistently decreased when soil moisture content fell below 21.5%. Based on statistical analysis, the correlation between latex yield and climate factor was 0.36, 0.42, and 0.52 for rainfall, soil moisture content, and evapotranspiration, respectively. Our findings highlight the crucial influence of climatic factors, emphasizing the significance of optimal water availability for latex production.</p> Sahuri Copyright (c) 2024 Sahuri Sahuri 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 38 1 13 18 10.29244/j.agromet.38.1.13-18 A Comparison of the Performance of the Weighted Ensembles Means in CORDEX-SEA Precipitation Simulations <p>Numerous studies stated that the performance of ensemble mean derived from multiple climate models generally surpassed the individual member model, and applying weighting factors potentially increase the ensemble mean of performance. This study aims to assess the performance of unweighted and weighted ensemble means of 9-modelled precipitation datasets in the CORDEX-SEA multi-model simulations for 1981-2005. The 9 datasets included: CNRM_a, ECE_b, GFDL_b, IPSL_b, HadGEM2_a, HadGEM2_c, HadGEM2_d, MPI_c, and NorESM1_d. The weighting factors were derived from the models' skill scores measured using five statistical-based metrics, namely Taylor, Pierce (SS), Tian skill score (Tian), Climate prediction index (CPI), and Performance and Independence (PI). The ERA5 and GPCP precipitation datasets were used as the references for comparison. Then, reliable metrics will be used to determine the weighting factor. The results found that three metrics namely Taylor, SS, and Tian were more reliable than the other two metrics (CPI and PI). Spatially, the weighted ensemble mean based on a random method was superior to other ensemble mean methods and individual models. We found that the CNRM_a and GFDL_b models were spatially performed best. In contrast, most the ensemble means was temporally less performed compared to the individual model. Our findings suggested that by removal of low performance models will significantly influence on the overall ensemble model performance. Further, the research may provide valuable considerations of climate models selection for climate projection assessments, especially in the Southeast Asia region.</p> Tugiyo Aminoto Akhmad Faqih Perdinan Yonny Koesmaryono Bambang Dwi Dasanto Copyright (c) 2024 Tugiyo Aminoto, Akhmad Faqih, Perdinan, Yonny Koesmaryono, Bambang Dwi Dasanto 2024-03-19 2024-03-19 38 1 19 35 10.29244/j.agromet.38.1.19-35