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Preprocessing Factors Affected Free Fatty Acid Content in Crude Palm Oil Quality

  • Edyson Edyson Bumitama Gunajaya Agro Research Center, Palangkaraya, Indonesia 74354
  • Fitrah Murgianto Bumitama Gunajaya Agro Research Center, Palangkaraya, Indonesia 74354
  • Adhy Ardiyanto Bumitama Gunajaya Agro Research Center, Palangkaraya, Indonesia 74354
  • Erika Juli Astuti Bumitama Gunajaya Agro Research Center, Palangkaraya, Indonesia 74354
  • Melina Putri Ahmad Bumitama Gunajaya Agro Research Center, Palangkaraya, Indonesia 74354

Abstract

The quality of CPO (Crude Palm Oil) is determined by the Free Fatty Acid (FFA) with the standard value below 5%. High FFA in CPO will cause further difficulties due to low refining rate and quality like rancidness and odor. The objective of this research was to determine the factors that affect the FFA content in CPO. This research was conducted from January until April 2021. Fruit samples were collected from BKLE and PNRE East Kotawaringin and analyzed to Analytical Laboratory PT BGA. The FFA value was determined using the titration method according to Indonesian National Standard (SNI). Based on this research, several factors such as rat and moth attacks, fruit maturity, fruit handling, and delayed delivery to the palm oil mill affected the FFA value. These factors caused an increase in the FFA value up to 41.10%‒204% compared to the average FFA value is only 0.77%‒1.29%. Therefore, minimizing the pre‐processing problem will reduce the potential of FFA value increment so that good quality CPO can be obtained.

 

Keywords: fruit handling, fruit maturity, pest attack, titration method  

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Published
2022-04-12
How to Cite
EdysonE., MurgiantoF., ArdiyantoA., AstutiE. J., & AhmadM. P. (2022). Preprocessing Factors Affected Free Fatty Acid Content in Crude Palm Oil Quality. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 27(2), 177-181. https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.27.2.177