Preferensi Habitat Ikan Gabus [Channa striata (Bloch 1793)] di Perairan Rawa Aopa, Sulawesi Tenggara

  • Muliani Muliani Program Studi Ilmu Perikanan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Halu Oleo. Kampus Abdullah Silondae, Jl. Mayjend S. Parman, Kemaraya, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, 93121
  • Asriyana Asriyana Jurusan Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Halu Oleo. Kampus Bumi Tridharma, Anduonohu, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, 93232. Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor Km 46, Cibinong, Bogor, 16911
  • Muhammad Ramli Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Halu Oleo. Kampus Bumi Tridharma, Anduonohu, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, 93232


The use of habitat by fish is closely related to efforts to find the best conditions for the survival of these fish. This study aims to analyze the habitat preferences of Striped snakehead in Rawa Aopa waters, Southeast Sulawesi. This research was conducted from November 2018 to February 2019 in the waters of Swamp Aopa Southeast Sulawesi. Fish collection using traps. The constancy and fidelity index determined the preference of striped snakehead for habitat type. A total of 1024 striped snakehead fish were caught during the study with a length range of 200,0-420,0 mm and 69,0-596,0 g weight. Striped snakehead measuring 200-367 mm were consistent in occupying habitats with a slightly dense to dense water plant density, while sizes 368-388 and 389-430 mm were consistent in habitats with sparse water plant density. The preference level of striped snakehead fish size 389-430 mm to habitats with rare aquatic plants is very high (Fij = 6). Therefore, the size can be used as an indicator of habitats with the rare aquatic plant category. The preference for 200-367 mm striped snakehead fish in dense aquatic plant habitats indicates that these habitats are foraging, growing, and protective zones.


Keywords: Channa striata, fish habitat, Rawa Aopa, Southeast Sulawesi, stripe snakehead


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Muliani Muliani, Program Studi Ilmu Perikanan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Halu Oleo. Kampus Abdullah Silondae, Jl. Mayjend S. Parman, Kemaraya, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, 93121



Muhammad Ramli, Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Halu Oleo. Kampus Bumi Tridharma, Anduonohu, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, 93232




Anwar K, Bijaksana U, Herliwati, Ahmadi. 2018. Oodev injection frequency and time period in advancing gonad rematuration of snakehead (Channa striata Blkr) in hapa system. International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology. 3(3): 1114-1123. /ijeab/3.3.52

Arsyad R, Asriyana, Irawati N. 2018. Variasi ontogenetik makanan ikan gabus (Channa striata) di perairan Rawa Aopa Watumohai Kecamatan Angata Kabupaten Konawe Selatan. Jurnal Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan. 3(2): 143-149.

Asriyana, La Sara. 2013. Beberapa aspek biologi reproduksi ikan siro (Sardinella longiceps Val.) di Perairan Teluk Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia. 13(1): 1-11. 2491/jii.v13i1.107

Asriyana, Irawati N, Indrayani. 2018 Trophic ecology of twoblotch ponyfish Nuchequula blochii in Kendari Bay, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Aquacultur, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation Bioflux. 11(1): 66-82.

Asriyana A, Halili H. 2021. Reproductive traits and spawning activity of striped eel catfish (Plotosidae) in Kolono Bay, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. 22(7): 3020-3028. 56

Bahrin N, La Sara, Asriyana. 2020. Population parameters and exploitation level of striped snakehead, Channa striata (Bloch, 1793) in Aopa Swamp Waters, Southeast Sulawesi. Aquasains. 8(2): 829-839. p829-840

Borah S, Gogoi P, Bhattacharjya BK, Suresh VR, Yadav AK, Baitha R, Koushlesh SK, Kakati A, Ray BC, Das BK. 2018. Length-weight and length-length relationship of two endemic snakehead fish species from Brahmaputra river basin, Assam, India. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 34(3): 788-790.

Brower JE, Zar JH, von Ende C. 1990. Field and Laboratory Methods for General Zoology. Third edition. United States of America (US): W.M.C Brown Publisher.pp. 160-162.

Chandra S, Banerjee TK. 2004. Histopathological analysis of the respiratory organs of Channa striata subjected to air exposure. Veterinarski archiv. 74: 37-52.

Davey AJH, Hawkins SJJ, Turner GF, Doncaster CP. 2005. Size-dependent microhabitat use and intraspecific competition in Cottus gobio. Journal of Fish Biology. 67: 428-443. j.0022-1112.2005.00736.x

Dayal R, Srivastava PP, Bhatnagar A, Chowdhary S, Lakra WS, Raizada S, Yadav AK. 2012. Comparative study of WLR of Channa striatus fry-fingerling, grow-outs and adults of gangetic plains. Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research. 2(2): 174-176.

Djumanto, Probosunu N, Styobudi E, Erka AN. 2018. Karakteristik habitat ikan gabus (Channa striata Bloch, 1793) di Rawa Pening Kabupaten Semarang. Laporan Penelitian. Yogyakarta (ID): Departemen Perikanan Fakultas Pertanian UGM. 43p.

Duan T, Shi C, Zhou J, Lv X, Li Y, Luo Y. 2018. How does the snakehead Channa argus survive in air? The combined roles of the suprabranchial chamber and physiological regulations during aerial respiration. Biology Open. 7(2): 1-5. /10.1242/bio.029223

Froese R, Pauly D (editors). 2018. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication [Internet]. [diunduh 2020 Okt 28]. Tersedia pada:

Gonc¸alves EJ, Miguel B, Henrique CN, Miguel H. 2002. Ontogenetic shifts in patterns of microhabitat utilisation in the small-headed clingfish, Apletodon dentatus (Gobiesocidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes. 63: 333-339. 14302319622

Gosari HA, Haris A. 2012. Studi kerapatan dan penutupan jenis lamun di Kepulauan Spermonde. Torani. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan. 22(3): 256-162.

Hidayati D, Faizah A, Prasetyo EN, Jadid N, Abdulgani N. 2018. Antioxidant capacity of snakehead fish extract (Channa striata) at different shelf life and temperatures. In: IOP Conference Series. Journal of Physics Conference Series. 1-5. .1088/1742-6596/1028/1/012021

Hill J, Grossman GD. 1993. An energetic model of microhabitat use for rainbow trout and rosyside dace. Ecology. 74: 685-698. 7/1940796

Hughes FN, Dill LM. 1990. Position choice by drift feeding salmonids: Model and test for arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) in subarctic mountain streams, interior Alaska. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 47: 2039-2048. 10.1139/F90-228

Irmawati, Tresnati J, Nadiarti, Fachruddin L. 2019. Sex Differentiation and gonadal development of striped snakehead (Channa striata Bloch, 1793). In: IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science. 1-8. 253/1/012007

Kirchner CH, Holtzhausen JA. 2001. Seasonal movements of silver kob, Argyrosomus inodorus, (Griffths and Heemstra) in Namibian waters. Fisheries Management and Ecology. 8: 239-251.

Kottelat M, Kartikasari SN, Whitten T, Wirjoatmodjo S.1993. Freshwater Fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi (Ikan Air Tawar Indonesia Bagian Barat dan Sulawesi). Singapore (SG): Periplus Editions. 461p.

Krebs CJ. 1989. Ecological Methodology. New York (US): Addison Wesley Longman. 620 p.

Lalramliana, Knight JDM, Van Lalhlimpuia D, Singh M. 2018. Integrative taxonomy reveals a new species of snakehead fish, Channa stiktos (Teleostei: Channidae), from Mizoram, North Eastern India. Vertebrate Zoology. 68(2): 165-175.

La Sara, Asriyana. 2012. Studi ekologi dan biologi reproduksi ikan siro di perairan Teluk Kendari Sulawesi Tenggara. Laporan Penelitian Pakar. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Halu Oleo.

Legendre L, Legendre P. 1983. Numerical Ecology. Developments in environmental modelling. Amsterdam (NL): Elsevier Scient. Publ. Co. 419 p.

Li K, Shieh B, Chiu Y, Huang D, Liang S. 2016. Growth, Diet Composition and Reproductive Biology of the Invasive Freshwater Fish Chevron snakehead Channa striata on a Subtropical Island. Zoological Studies. 55: 53. 6.55-53

Li Q, Xu R, Huang J. 2013. Length–weight relations for 20 fish species from the Pearl River, China. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria. 43(1): 65-69.

Makmur S, Rahardjo MF, Sukimin S. 2003. Biologi reproduksi ikan gabus (Channa striata Bloch) di daerah banjiran sungai Musi Sumatera Selatan. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia. 3(2): 57-62.

Moyle PB, Cech JJ. 2000. Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology. Fourth Edition. New Jersey (US): Prentice Hall. 612 p.

Muslim, Fitrani M, Afrianto AM. 2018. The effect of water temperature on incubation period, hatching rate, normalities of the larvae and survival rate of snakehead fish Channa striata. Aquacultura Indonesiana. 19(2): 90-94. 4/ai.v19i2.124

Mustafa A, Widodo MA, Kristianto Y. 2012. Albumin and zinc content of snakehead fish (Channa striata) extract and its role in health. IEESE International Journal of Science and Technology. 1(2): 1-8.

Muthmainnah N. 2013. Hubungan panjang berat dan faktor kondisi ikan gabus (Channa striata Bloch, 1793) yang dibesarkan di rawa lebak, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Depik. 2(3): 184-190.

Ndobe S, Serdiati N, Moore A. 2014. Domestication and Length-Weight Relationship of Striped Snakehead Channa striata (Bloch). International Conference of Aquaculture Indonesia 2014. https: //

Near TJ, Russo SE, Jones CD, DeVries AL 2003. Ontogenetic shift in buoyancy and habitat in the Antarctic toothfish, Dissostichus mawsoni (Perciformes: Nototheniidae). Polar Biology. 26: 124-128. 9-7

Ngoc Bich TT, Tri DQ, Yi-Ching C, Khoa HD. 2020. Productivity and economic viability of snakehead Channa striata culture using an aquaponics approach. Aquacultural Engineering. 89. https://

Pancho JJV, Soedani M. 1978. Aquatic Weeds of Southeast Asia. Tropical Pest Biology. Bogor (ID): Program Biotrop, Seameo. Regional Center for Biology.

Pittman SJ, McAlpine CA. 2001. Movements of marine fish and decapod crustaceans: process, theory and application. Advance in Marine Biology. 44: 205-294. 44004-2

Prastari C, Yasni S, Nurilmala M. 2017. Karakteristik protein ikan gabus yang berpotensi sebagai antihiperglikemik. Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia. 20(2): 413-423. https://doi. org/10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.18109

Ridho MR, Patriono E, Haryani R. 2019. Keanekaragaman jenis ikan di perairan Lebak Jungkal Kecamatan Pampangan Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir pada Musim Hujan dan Kemarau. Majalah Ilmiah Biologi Biosfera: A Scientific Journal. 36(1): 41-50.

Rosyidi RM, Januarman J, Priyanto B, Islam AA, Hatta M, Bukhari A. 2019. The effect of snakehead fish (Channa striata) extract capsule to the albumin serum level of post-operative neurosurgery patients. Biomedical and Pharmacololg Journal. 12(2): 893-899.

Serdiati N, Ndobe S, Moore A. 2013. Growth of juvenile striped snakehead (Channa striata) in a controlled environment with live feed (Aplocheilus panchax). Paper presented at the International Seminar on Maritime and Agribusiness, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia, 13-14 December 2013.

Shireman JV, Smith CR. 1983. Synopsis of Biological Data on the Grass Carp Cenopharygodon idella (Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1844). FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 135. Food and Agricultural Organization of The United Nations.

Sirodiana, Irawan D. 2017. Pemilihan jenis tanaman air sebagai naungan pada pendederan ikan gabus (Channa striata). Buletin Teknik Litkayasa Akuakultur. 15(1): 19-23. /blta.15.1.2017.19-23

Sturges H.A. 1926. The choice of a class interval. Journal American Statistical Association. 21: 65-66.

Suhendi A, Pawarti H, Rohman A, Wahyono D, Nurrochmad A. 2020. Snakehead fish extract (Channa striata): A review of pharmacological activity. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences. 14(2).

Taufikir, Asriyana, Irawati N. 2018. Produktivitas ikan gabus (Channa striata) di perairan Rawa Aopa Watumohai Desa Pewutaa Kecamatan Angata Kabupaten Konawe Selatan. Jurnal Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan. 3(1): 55-60.

Ward-Campbell MS, Beamish FWH. 2005. Ontogenetic changes in morphology and diet in the snakehead, Channa limbata, a predatory fish in western Thailand. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 72(3): 251-257. 4-1744-9

Weliange WS, Amarasinghe US. 2007. Relationship between body shape and food habits of fish from three reservoirs of Sri Lanka. Asian Fisheries Science. 20: 257-270. s.2007.20.3.003

How to Cite
MulianiM., AsriyanaA., & RamliM. (2021). Preferensi Habitat Ikan Gabus [Channa striata (Bloch 1793)] di Perairan Rawa Aopa, Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 26(4), 546-554.