JIPI
Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Status Nutrisi Mineral Rusa Totol (Axis axis) di Lingkungan Istana Kepresidenan Bogor

  • Rahmita Yulia Andini Sekolah Pascasarjana, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Suryahadi Suryahadi Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Sri Suharti Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

Abstract

The study aimed to determine the effect of mineral status (Ca, P, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, and Pb) in soil, grass, and hair of spotted deer in the Bogor Presidential Palace. Fifteen male deer were randomly selected with an age of ± 2.5‒6 years. Soil was collected from ten points representing land, and grass samples were obtained by sampling from several points of the grazing area. Mineral content in soil, grass, and deer hair were analyzed using the atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The results showed that the level of Ca (0.03%) and P (0.016%) in the soil are deficient, Mn (1960 ppm), Zn (33.89 ppm), and Cu (77.23 ppm) are considered in the normal range, and Fe and Pb elements are high. Mineral levels of Ca, P, Cu, and Zn in grasses do not meet the daily requirements, whilst high levels of Fe and Mn minerals exceed the requirements for the spotted deer. The Pb content in grass is 0.94 ppm, which is within the normal limit. The levels of Ca (0.02%), Fe (308.11 ppm). and Mn (6.18 ppm) minerals in deer hair are high, however, zinc (44.68 ppm) and Cu (3.08 ppm) levels are low. High Pb level (14.38 ppm) is due to the long-term impact of Pb accumulation.

 

Keywords: Bogor Palace, mineral status, Axis axis

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[AOAC] Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 2005. Official Methods of Analysis. Washington DC (US): AOAC International.

Abdilah A, Lubis KS, Mukhlis. 2018. Perubahan Beberapa Sifat Kimia Tanah Dan Pertumbuhan Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.) Akibat Pemberian Limbah Kertas Rokok Dan Pupuk Kandang Ayam Di Tanah Ultisol. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi FP USU. 6(3): 442447.

Adepoju AL, Adejumo BA. 2015. Some proximate properties of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L) as influenced by cooking methods. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research. 4(3): 146148.

Ashraf W, Jaffar M, Anwer K, Ehsan U. 1995. Age and sex-based comparative distribution of selected metals in the scalp hair of an urban population from two cities in Pakistan. Environment Pollution. 87: 6164. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(99)80008-6

Audebert, A. and Fofana, M. 2009. Rice yield gap due to iron toxicity in West Africa. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science .195(1): 6676. https://doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1439-037X.2008.00339.x

[Balitkabi] Balai Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi. 2011. Deskripsi Varietas Unggul Kacang-kacangan dan Umbi-umbian. Malang (ID): Agro Inovasi.

Basuki T. 2007. Pengaruh kompos, pupuk fosfat dan kapur terhadap perbaikan sifat kimia tanah podzolik merah kuning, serapan fosfat dan kalsium serta pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman jagung. Tesis. Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB, Bogor.

Charlena, (2004). Pencemaran Logam Berat Timbal (Pb) pada Sayur-sayuran. [Disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Program Pascasarjana S3 IPB.

Charlena. 2004. Pencemaran Logam Berat Timbal (Pb) dan Cadmium (Cd) pada Sayur-Sayuran. [internet]. [Diakses pada 29 November 2011]. Tersedia pada: http://www.rudyct.com/PPS702 ipb/09145/charlena.pdf.

Connolly EL, Guerinot ML. 2002. Iron stress in plants. Genome Biology 3(8): 10211024. https://doi.org/ 10.1186/gb-2002-3-8-reviews1024

Cygan-Szczegielniak D, Stanek M, Giernatowska E, Janicki B, Gehrke M. 2012. Content of selected mineral elements in heifer hair depending on the region and season. Medicine Veterinary. 68: 293298.

Cygan-Szczegielniak D, Stanek M, Giernatowska E, Janicki B. 2014. Impact of breeding region and season on the content of some trace elements and heavy metals in the hair of cows. Folia Biologica. (Kraków) 62: 163169. https://doi.org/10.3409/ fb62_3.163

Cygan-Szczegielniak D, Stanek M, Stasiak K, Roœlewska A, Janicki B. 2018. The content of mineral elements and heavy metals in the hair of red deer (cervus elaphus l.) From selected regions of Poland. Folia Biologica. 66(3). https:// doi.org/10.3409/fb_66-3.14

Demarais S, Stewart D, Griffen RN. 1999. A Hunter’s Guide to Aging and Judging Live White-Tailed Deer in the Southeast (opens in new window) PDF (Publication 2206). Mississippi State University Extension Service.

Dharmawan IWS, Siregar CA. 2008. Teknik evaluasi kandungan karbon hutan mangrove Rhizophora mucronata. Pusat Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam [Manuskrip]. Bogor (ID).

Dunnett M, Lees P. 2003. Trace element, toxin and drug elimination in hair with particular reference to the horse. Research in Veterinary Science. 75: 89101. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0034-5288(03 )00074-2

Fairhurst TH, Witt C, Buresh RJ, Dobermann A. 2007. Rice: A practical guide to nutrient management. Manila (PH): International Rice Research Institute. 2nd Edition. 48p.

Fajri S. 2000. Perilaku rusa totol (Axis axis) yang dikembangkan di halaman Istana Bogor. [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Jurusan Ilmu Peternakan. Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Fick KR, Miller SM, Milles PH, Funk JD, Mc Dowell LR, Houser RH. 1976. Method of mineral analysis for plant and animal tissues. Center of Agriculture, Florida (FL).

Filistowicz A, Dobrzañskiz, Przysieckip, Nowickis., Filistowicz A. 2011. Concentration of heavy metals in hair and skin of silver and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 182: 477484. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s10661-011-1891-3

Fitrianah L, Yani M, Effendi S. 2016. Dampak pencemaran aktifitas kendaraaan bermotor terhadap kanddungan timbal dalam tanah dan tamanam padi. Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam dan Lingkungan. 7(1) : 1118. https:// doi.org/10.29244/jpsl.7.1.11-18

Franzmann AW, Flynn A, Arneson PD. 1975. Level of some mineral elements in Alaskan moose hair. Journal of Wild1 Manage. 39(2): 374378. https:// doi.org/10.2307/3799917

French AS, Shaw D, Gibb SW, Taggart MA. 2017. Geochemical landscapes as drivers of trace and toxic element profiles in wild red deer (Cervus elaphus). Science of the Total Environment. 601602: 16061618. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.scitotenv.2017.05.210

Garsetriasih R, Nina H. 2005. Evaluasi plasma nutfah rusa totol (Axis axis) di halaman istana bogor. Buletin Plasma Nutfah. 11(1): 3440.

Gaspar-Lopez E, Landete-Castillejos T, Estevez JA, Ceacero F, Gallego L, Garcia A. 2008. Biometrics, testosterone, cortisol and antler growth in Iberian red stags (Cervus elaphus hispanicus). European Journal of Wildlife Research. 54: 15. https:// doi.org/10.1007/s10344-007-0096-0

Georgievskii VI, Amenkov BN, Samokhin VT. 1982. Mineral nutrition of animal. Butterwoths. London (UK).

Gunawan G. 2014. Pengaruh lalu lintas pada kandungan timbal (Pb) dalam tubuh manusia. Jurnal Transportasi Jalan. 1(1): 4755.

Ikawidjaya N. 1987. Dinamika populasi dan kebiasaan ma-kan rusa totol (Axis axis) di halaman Istana Bogor. Skripsi Jurusan Biologi. Universitas Pakuan, Bogor (ID).

Jacobs MB. 1958. The Chemistry and Technology of Food and Food Products. Interscience Publishers, New York (US).

Jones US. 1979. Fertilizers and Soil Fertility. Virginia (US): Reston Publication.

Łabądź D, Skolarczyk J, Pekar J, Nieradko‑Iwanicka B. 2017. Analysis of the influ‑ ence of selected elements on the functioning of the bone tissue. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 7(4): 202209.

Lembaga Penelitian Tanah. 1983. Penuntun Analisis Fisika Tanah. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Jakarta (ID).

Lindsay WL. 1979. Chemical Equilibria in Soil. New York (US): John Wiley & Sons.

Masruri MFI, Rahman AS. 2018. Analisis spasial kejadian petir di kota bogor dan korelasinya dengan iklim musim dan curah hujan. Seminar Nasional Geomatika 2018: Penggunaan dan pengembangan produk informasi geospasial mendukung daya saing nasional. https:// doi.org/10.24895/SNG.2018.3-0.996

McDowell LR. 2003. Minerals in Animal and Human Nutrition. 2nd ed. Amsterdam (US): Elsevier Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-51367-0.50010-6

Mengel K, Kirkby EA. 2001. Principles of Plant Nutrition. Netherlands (ND): Kluwer Academic Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-1009-2

Nasir. 2019. Spektrometri Serapan Atom. Banda Aceh (ID): Syiah Kuala University Press.

[NRC] National Research Council. 2007. Nutrient requirement of small ruminants: sheep, goats, cervids, and new world camelids. Washington (US): National Academy Press

[NRC] National Research Council. 2007. Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: Sheep, Nutrition and Feeding (5th Ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ. pp. 165

Patkowska-Sokoła B, Dobrzański Z, Osman K, Bodkowski R, Zygadlik K. 2009. The content of chosen chemical elements in wool of sheep of different origins and breeds. Archiv Tierzucht. 52(4): 410418. https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-52-410-2009

Pond WG, Church DC, Pond KR, Schoknecht PA. 2005. Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken.

Rosmarkam A, Yuwono NW. 2002. Ilmu Kesuburan Tanah. Yogyakarta (ID): Kanisius.

Sahrawat, K.L. 2004. Iron toxicity in wetland rice and the role of other nutrients. Journal of Plant Nutrition 27: 14711504. https://doi.org/10.1081/ PLN-200025869

Seran R. 2017. Pengaruh mangan sebagai unsur hara mikro esensial terhadap kesuburan tanah dan tanaman. Bio-edu. 2(1): 1314.

Sims JT. 2000. The role of soil testing in environmental risk assessment for phosphorus. In A.N. Sharpley (ed.) Agriculture and phosphorus management: The Chesapeake Bay. Washington (US): Lewis Publishers.

Siregar SB. 1994. Ransum Ternak Ruminansia. Jakarta (ID): Penebar Swadaya.

Sitorus SRP. 2008. Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Lahan. Bogor (ID): Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Tajchman K, Ukalska‑Jaruga A, Bogdaszewski M, Pecio M, Dziki‑Michalska, K. Accumulation of toxic elements in bone and bone marrow of deer living in various ecosystems. A case study of farmed and wild‑living deer. Animals. 2020: 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112151

Tim Laboratorium TIP IPB. 2012. Pengetahuan Bahan Makanan Ternak. Bogor (ID): CV Nutri Sejahtera.

Underwood EJ. 1977. Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition. 4th edition. New York (US): Academy Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-709065-8.50023-7

Underwood EJ, Suttle NF. 1999. The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. 3rd edition.

Wardeh MF. 1981. Models for estimating energy and protein utilization for feeds. PhD. [Dissertation]. Utah State University, Logan (US).

Witjaksono DH. 1984. Studi tentang karakteristik populasi rusa totol (Axis axis) dan cara pemeliharaannya di halaman Istana Bogor. [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Jurusan Konservasi Sumberdaya Hutan. Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Yudasworo DI. 2001. Dampak Kebakaran Hutan terhadap Sifat Fisik dan Sifat Kimia Tanah. [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Jurusan Manajemen Hutan. Fakultas Kehutanan. IPB.

Published
2022-04-14
How to Cite
AndiniR. Y., SuryahadiS., & SuhartiS. (2022). Status Nutrisi Mineral Rusa Totol (Axis axis) di Lingkungan Istana Kepresidenan Bogor. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 27(2), 287-294. https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.27.2.287