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Respons Fisiologis Ayam KUB (Kampung Unggul Balitbangtan) dan Ayam Walik dengan Haplotipe Gen HSP70 Berbeda yang Terpapar Cekaman Panas Akut

  • Any Aryani Program Studi Biologi, Departemen Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Pendidikan Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jl. Dr. Setiabudi No.229, Bandung 40154
  • Dedy Duryadi Solihin Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Cece Sumantri Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Rudi Afnan Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Tike Sartika Balai Penelitian Ternak. Jl. Veteran III, PO BOX 221 Ciawi, Bogor 16720

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the physiological response of acute heat stress in Kampung Unggul Balitbangtan (KUB) and Walik chickens with four different HSP70 gene haplotypes (H1', H1, H2, and H3). Acute heat stress is carried out at 35°C for one hour. The data was analyzed based on rectal temperature measurements, distribution of body surface temperature (head, neck, body, and leg area), hormone levels (corticosterone and triiodothyronine), and time of panting. Body surface temperature is detected using infrared thermography. The results showed that haplotype H1 Walik chicken is more susceptible to heat stress based on the rectal temperature. In contrast, H1' haplotype Walik chicken released more heat through the body surface in the leg area.

Keywords: heat stress, hormone, KUB chicken, infrared thermography, walik chicken

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Published
2021-04-29
How to Cite
Aryani, A., Solihin, D. D., Sumantri, C., Afnan, R., & Sartika, T. (2021). Respons Fisiologis Ayam KUB (Kampung Unggul Balitbangtan) dan Ayam Walik dengan Haplotipe Gen HSP70 Berbeda yang Terpapar Cekaman Panas Akut. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 26(2), 276-283. https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.26.2.276