Etnobotani Tumbuhan Liar sebagai Sumber Pangan di Dusun Mendiro, Kecamatan Wonosalam, Jombang
Mendiro Village is a small hamlet located in Wonosalam District, Jombang Regency. Indigenous villagers in Mendiro Village have a knowledge related to the use of wild plants as foods to fullfill life necessities. This study aims to determine the types, parts of plant organs, processing methods, and categories of utilization of wild plants in Mendiro Village, Wonosalam District, Jombang Regency. This research was conducted in March-May 2018. This study used a qualitative method with ethnobotany approach techniques through semistructured interviews and participatory observation. The results of the study found 43 species of wild plants that were used as food plants and belonging to the 26 families. The most widely used families were Asteraceae, Lamiaceae, and Poaceae. Plant parts that were widely used were leaves and fruits. The utilization of wild plants is conducted by directly consuming and by processing first. Wild plants are found in several places, such as forests, fields, yards, and on the roadside. The highest frequency of citation in this study that reached 100% are for pegagan (Centella asiatica), jelateng (Toxicodendron radicans), basil (Ocymum basilicum), simbukan (Paederia foetida), bayam banci (Amaranthus tricolor), mint leaves (Mentha piperita Linn), mbotem (Colocasia esculenta), suweg (Morphophallus campanulatus), and kenikir (Cosmos caudatus Kunth).
Keywords: citation frequency, ethnobotany, food plants, mendiro
Alexiades MW, Sheldon W. 1996. Selected Guidelines for Ethnobotanical Research: A Field Manual. Bronx (US): The New York Botanical Garden
Arum GP, Fitria, Amin R, Andin I. 2012. Etnobotani Tumbuhan Obat Masyarakat Desa Keseneng Kecamatan Sumowono Kabupaten Semarang Jawa Tengah. Unnes Journal Life Science. 1(2):
Hilmanto R. 2009. Etnoekologi. Bandar Lampung (ID): Universitas Lampung.
Juliana, Linda R, Mukarlina. 2013. Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan yang Berpotensi sebagai Sumber Pangan di Gunung Peramas, Desa Pengkalan Buton, Kecamatan Sukadana, Kabupaten Kayong Utara. Jurnal Protobiont. 2(3).
Kumar R, Bharati KA. 2014. Ethnomedicines of Tharu Tribes of Dudhwa National Park, India. A Journal of Plant, People, and Applied Research. 12(1).
Martin GJ. 1998. Ethnobotany, A People and Plants Conservation Manual. London (EN): Chapman and Hall.
Purwadarminta WJS.1988. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta(ID): Balai Pustaka.
Purwoko A. 2004. Identifikasi Tumbuhan Sumber Pangan, Obat-obatan dan Biopestisida serta Tingkat Pemanfaatannya di Suaka Margasatwa Karang Gading dan Langkat Timur Laut. Jurnal Komunikasi Penelitian. 16(6).
Rauf AW, Lestari MS.
Pemanfaatan Komoditas Pangan Lokal Sebagai Sumber Pangan Alternatif di Papua. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian. 28(2): 54-62.
Saepuddin R. 2005. Etnobotani Pada Masyarakat Adat Kesepuhan Banten Kidul, Kabupaten Sukabumi, Jawa Barat. [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Silalahi M, Nisyawati, Eko BW, Wendy M. 2018. Etnomedisin Tumbuhan Obat oleh Subetnis Batak Phakpak di Desa Surung Mersada, Kabupaten Phakpak Bharat, Sumatera Utara. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar. 19(2): 77-92.
Sujarwo W, Caneva G. 2016. Using quantitative indices to evaluate the cultural importance of food and nutraceutical plants: Comparative data from the Island of Bali (Indonesia). Journal of Cultural Heritage. 342-348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2015.06.006
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).