Taksasi Kehilangan Hasil oleh Penyakit Kerdil pada Kentang di Jawa Tengah

  • Sofranita Syifa Fitriyati Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Kikin Hamzah Mutaqin Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Tri Asmira Damayanti Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680


Potato is one of economically important crops in Indonesia. However, its production fluctuates since there are some factors affecting the yield. Recently, we found dwarf disease at potato central production area in Wonosobo and Banjarnegara Regencies in Central Java. So far, there is no information related to the yield loss caused by the dwarf disease on potato. Therefore, the research aimed to estimate the yield loss caused by the dwarf disease on potato in Central Java. The yield loss estimation was determined on some potato cultivations with different disease severities. The disease intensity was observed for five times with interval two weeks on six plots. The quantity and quality of potato yields, and selling price was calculated at the end of the observation and the correlation between the severity of disease and AUDPC (Area under disease progress curve) with yield loss was determined by regression and correlation analysis. The dwarf disease reduced plant height, individual and total tuber weight without affecting the number of tuber yield. The different of disease intensities in some area affected to the percentage of yield loss. The yield loss caused by dwarf diseases on individual potato plants up to 64.42%. Yield loss estimation caused by the dwarf disease in fields with different level of disease intensities ranged from 10.35-26.43%. Regression analysis between disease severities and yield losses showed the R square value at the level of 88.6% and a correlation at the level of 94.14%. These results indicated that the correlation between the severity of dwarf disease and yield loss is high.

Keywords: disease severity, potato yield, selling price, tuber quality


Download data is not yet available.


Abbas MF, Farah N, Gulshan I. 2013. Important fungal diseases of potato and their management-a brief review. Mycopath. 11(1): 45-50.

Allen DJ. 1983. The Pathology of Tropical Food Legumes. New York (US): John Willey.

Anerson PA. 2006. Plant Disease Epidemiology: Temporal Aspects. The Plant Health Instructor. New York (US): Cornell University.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2017. Produksi Tanaman Sayuran di Indonesia Tahun 2012-2016. Jakarta (ID): Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia.

Chung BM, Canto T, Tenllado F, Choi KS, Joa JH, Ahn JJ, Kim AH, Do KS. 2016. The Effects of High Temperature on Infection by Potato virus Y, Potato virus A, and Potato leafroll virus. Plant Pathology Journal. 32(4): 321-328. https://doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.OA.12.2015.0259

Damayanti TA, Kartika R. 2015. Deteksi virus-virus pada kentang di Jawa Barat dengan menggunakan teknik molekuler. Jurnal Hortikultura. 25(2): 171-179. https://doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v25n2.2015.p171-179

[Ditjenhorti] Direktorat Jenderal Hortikultura. 2017. Produksi kentang menurut provinsi tahun 2012-2016 [Internet]. [diunduh 2017 Mei 15]. Tersedia pada: http://hortikultura.pertanian.go.id/.

Hameed A, Iqbal Z, Asad S, Mansoor S. 2014. Detection of multiple potato viruses in the field suggests synergistic interactions among potato viruses in Pakistan. Plant Pathology Journal. 30(4): 407-415. https://doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.OA.05.2014.0039

Hull R. 2002. Matthews Plant Virology. 4rd ed. California (US): Academic Press.

Jeffries C, Barker H, Khurana SMP. 2005. Potato Production, Improvement and Post-harvest Management. New York (US): The Haworth’s Food Products Press.

Kassim, Zulaykha AA, Nerway A, Kurdistan H. 2014. Potato virus Y (PVY) surveying and its economic importance on potato crop. Impact Journals. 2(6): 2321-2347. https://doi.org/10.25271/2014.2.2.210

Kerr EM, Greig C, Karen FR. 2009. Methods in Molecular Biology, Plant Pathology. Vol: 508. New York (US): Springer.

Kumar L. 2009. Methods for the Diagnosis of Plant Viruses Diseases: Laboratory Manual. Nigeria (NG): IITA.

Piche LM, Singh RP, Nie X, Gudmestad NC. 2004. Diversity among Potato virus Y isolates obtained from potatoes grown in the United States. Phytopathology. 94: 1368-1375. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO.2004.94.12.1368

Reddy PP. 2010. Bacterial and Viral Disease and their Management in Horticultural Crops. Jodhpur (IN): Scientific Publisher.

Sandivolo VS. 2002. Estimation of crop losses due to different causes in root and tuber crops: The case of Malawi. Di dalam: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the united nations statistics division and regional office for Africa-volume II: invited papers, editor. Proceedings of the Expert Consultation on Root Crop Statistics; 2002 Des 36; Harare, Zimbabwe. Rome (IT): FAO.

Somerville PA, Campbell RN, Hall DH, Rowhani A. 1987. Natural infection of Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) by a legume strain of Cucumber mosaic virus. Plant Disease. 71: 18-20. https://doi.org/10.1094/PD-71-0018

Wang B, Ma Y, Zhang Z, Wu Z, Wu Y, Wang Q, Li M. 2011. Potato viruses in China. Crop Protection. 30: 1117-1123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2011.04.001

How to Cite
FitriyatiS. S., MutaqinK. H., & DamayantiT. A. (2020). Taksasi Kehilangan Hasil oleh Penyakit Kerdil pada Kentang di Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 25(2). https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.25.2.205