MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi <!-- [if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves ></w:TrackMoves> <w:TrackFormatting ></w:TrackFormatting> <w:PunctuationKerning ></w:PunctuationKerning> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas ></w:ValidateAgainstSchemas> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF ></w:DoNotPromoteQF> <w:LidThemeOther>EN-US</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables ></w:BreakWrappedTables> <w:SnapToGridInCell ></w:SnapToGridInCell> <w:WrapTextWithPunct ></w:WrapTextWithPunct> <w:UseAsianBreakRules ></w:UseAsianBreakRules> <w:DontGrowAutofit ></w:DontGrowAutofit> <w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark ></w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark> <w:DontVertAlignCellWithSp ></w:DontVertAlignCellWithSp> <w:DontBreakConstrainedForcedTables ></w:DontBreakConstrainedForcedTables> <w:DontVertAlignInTxbx ></w:DontVertAlignInTxbx> <w:Word11KerningPairs ></w:Word11KerningPairs> <w:CachedColBalance ></w:CachedColBalance> </w:Compatibility> <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel> <m:mathPr> <m:mathFont m:val="Cambria Math" ></m:mathFont> <m:brkBin m:val="before" ></m:brkBin> <m:brkBinSub m:val=" " ></m:brkBinSub> <m:smallFrac m:val="off" ></m:smallFrac> <m:dispDef ></m:dispDef> <m:lMargin m:val="0" ></m:lMargin> <m:rMargin m:val="0" ></m:rMargin> <m:defJc m:val="centerGroup" ></m:defJc> <m:wrapIndent m:val="1440" ></m:wrapIndent> <m:intLim m:val="subSup" ></m:intLim> <m:naryLim m:val="undOvr" ></m:naryLim> </m:mathPr></w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal;"><!-- [if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves ></w:TrackMoves> <w:TrackFormatting ></w:TrackFormatting> <w:PunctuationKerning ></w:PunctuationKerning> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas ></w:ValidateAgainstSchemas> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF ></w:DoNotPromoteQF> <w:LidThemeOther>EN-US</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables ></w:BreakWrappedTables> <w:SnapToGridInCell ></w:SnapToGridInCell> <w:WrapTextWithPunct ></w:WrapTextWithPunct> <w:UseAsianBreakRules ></w:UseAsianBreakRules> <w:DontGrowAutofit ></w:DontGrowAutofit> <w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark ></w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark> <w:DontVertAlignCellWithSp ></w:DontVertAlignCellWithSp> <w:DontBreakConstrainedForcedTables ></w:DontBreakConstrainedForcedTables> <w:DontVertAlignInTxbx ></w:DontVertAlignInTxbx> <w:Word11KerningPairs ></w:Word11KerningPairs> <w:CachedColBalance ></w:CachedColBalance> </w:Compatibility> <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel> <m:mathPr> <m:mathFont m:val="Cambria Math" ></m:mathFont> <m:brkBin m:val="before" ></m:brkBin> <m:brkBinSub m:val=" " ></m:brkBinSub> <m:smallFrac m:val="off" ></m:smallFrac> <m:dispDef ></m:dispDef> <m:lMargin m:val="0" ></m:lMargin> <m:rMargin m:val="0" ></m:rMargin> <m:defJc m:val="centerGroup" ></m:defJc> <m:wrapIndent m:val="1440" ></m:wrapIndent> <m:intLim m:val="subSup" ></m:intLim> <m:naryLim m:val="undOvr" ></m:naryLim> </m:mathPr></w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal;"><!-- [if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" DefUnhideWhenUsed="true" DefSemiHidden="true" DefQFormat="false" DefPriority="99" LatentStyleCount="267"> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="0" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Normal" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="heading 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 7" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 8" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 9" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 7" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 8" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 9" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="35" QFormat="true" Name="caption" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="10" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Title" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" Name="Default Paragraph Font" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="11" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtitle" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="22" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Strong" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="20" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Emphasis" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="59" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Table Grid" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Placeholder Text" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="No Spacing" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Revision" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="34" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="List Paragraph" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Quote" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Quote" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Emphasis" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Emphasis" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Reference" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Reference" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" Name="Bibliography" ></w:LsdException> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading" ></w:LsdException> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!-- [if gte mso 10]> <mce:style><! /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} --> <!--[endif] --></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; mso-ansi-language: SV;" lang="SV"><img src="/public/site/images/admin/jurnalmpi.jpg" alt="" width="188" height="63" align="left">Manajemen IKM merupakan Jurnal Pengembangan Manajemen Industri Kecil Menengah (IKM) yang diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Magister Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah (MPI) Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB sejak September 2006, </span><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; mso-ansi-language: PT-BR;" lang="PT-BR">memuat kegiatan dunia usaha kecil menengah (UKM), khususnya IKM beserta instansi yang terkait seperti perbankan, departemen teknis dan usaha swasta besar dan petani/nelayan.</span><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; mso-ansi-language: SV;" lang="SV"> Manajemen IKM terbit setiap 6 bulan sekali (Februari dan September) dan ditujukan sebagai wadah untuk mengkomunikasikan hasil-hasil penelitian dari kajian tugas akhir mahasiswa MPI, khususnya yang terkait dengan pembinaan dan pengembangan IKM. Namun demikian, tulisan yang diterima Manajemen IKM terbuka bagi berbagai kalangan yang memiliki ketertarikan dalam pembinaan dan pengembangan IKM, baik itu peneliti, penyuluh, maupun pengusaha. </span><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; mso-ansi-language: PT-BR;" lang="PT-BR">Dengan diterbitkannya jurnal ini, maka kedepannya diharapkan lebih dipahami potensi, kendala dan pengembangan IKM melalui pendekatan holistik dan sinergi yang dilihat dari faktor-faktor ekonomi, manajerial dan faktor-faktor lainnya seperti kemitraan. </span><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; mso-ansi-language: SV;" lang="SV">Perintisan jurnal sebagai berkala ilmiah berwawasan nasional dimulai sejak Februari 2006 dengan nama Jurnal MPI </span><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; mso-ansi-language: PT-BR;" lang="PT-BR">dengan No. ISSN 1907-3127 yang memuat 9 judul artikel pada setiap edisi. </span><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; mso-ansi-language: IN;" lang="IN">Mulai terbitan edisi September 2009, judulnya dirubah menjadi Jurnal Manajemen IKM</span><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; mso-ansi-language: PT-BR;" lang="PT-BR"> dengan No. ISSN 2085-8418 dan E-ISSN 2622-9250. Jurnal Manajemen IKM selama ini mampu menjadi sarana penyebarluasan informasi ilmiah kepada para dosen atau peneliti lainnya, maupun masyarakat pengguna, serta sarana pengembangan.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US mpiipb@indo.net.id (Dr.Ir. Janti G. Sujana, MA) mpiipb@indo.net.id (Haeranto Haerul K.) Mon, 09 Sep 2019 15:52:28 +0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Strategi Pengembangan UMKM Pangan Berdaya Saing di Kota Bandung http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27424 SMEs (Micro-Small and Medium Enterprises) are one of business sector that has an important role for improving economy condition in Indonesia. One of the SMEs that has the potential to competition is food SMEs. To create food MSMEs that able to compete with the other food products, they must be able to maintain the quality of various aspects. The many problems faced by food SMEs require a strategy to develop and continue. This research aims to create competitiveness and strategy in food MSMEs. This research was conducted by identifying food MSMEs, analyse the influence of internal factors and external factors with the IE matrix, looking for the formulation of food SMEs strategies using SWOT and QSPM methods. The location of the research was conducted in the city of Bandung, West Java. The results of this research based on the IE matrix show that the Bandung City food UMKM requires a grow and build strategy. Based on the SWOT and QSPM methods, various alternative strategies were obtained. Strategy III is the most suitable strategy for Bandung's food UMKM with a value 6.433. Strategy III is "improving human resource capabilities, utilizing associations and government support to expand product markets". The level of diversity of food MSMEs in Bandung is high, that makes the characteristics of the commodities produced. The majority of business people rely heavily on the government in all aspects of business. Procurement of raw materials is carried out independently with a contract system and own business capital Agustina Pertisia Ginting, Musa Hubeis, Farah Fahma Copyright (c) 2019 MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27424 Sat, 02 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Strategi Pengembangan Wisata Bahari Desa Namu Guna Mendukung Perekonomian Masyarakat Sadar Wisata http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27425 The consequence of tourist village is the community's psychology and environmental carrying capacity. Good strategy will be able to realize the welfare of the village community. The purpose of this study is to make a tourism development strategy in the Namu Village. Methods of data collection using sampling techniques through interviews and questionnaires with a total samples of 70 respondents. Characteristics of tourism conditions and potential are analyzed by supply-demand. While demand analysis is used to recognize the pattern of visitor demand. Both of these analyzes are used as reference materials for development strategies by strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats SWOT analyzed. Furthermore, based on the Internal Factor Analysis Summary (IFAS), the beauty of Namu and the waterfall become the main attraction for tourist destination. On the other side the disadvantage is the unpreparedness of the Namu village community make them not enough in economically. External Factor Analysis Summary (EFAS), partisanship of the government enable for Namu to be developing in marine tourism. However the threats was come from outside investor which can reduce the role of the community to improve their economy. Based on the analysis of IFAS and EFAS, the Namu Village's tourism development strategy is to improve the quality of tourism objects, increasing the role of the government, looking for investors especially in the transportation sector, improve community capacity. For instance manufacture of fishery products, souvenirs, and culinary. Finally safeguard ecosystems through waste management Ratna Diyah Palupi, - Ira, - Risfandi Copyright (c) 2019 MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27425 Mon, 09 Sep 2019 15:52:26 +0700 Strategi Pengembangan Usaha dan Pemasaran Benih Ikan Patin Siam (Pangasianodon hypopthalmus) Dengan Sistem Jejaring pada Cabang Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Wilayah Utara Provinsi Jawa Barat http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27426 The production of Siam-catfish (<em>Pangasianodon hypopthalmus</em>) seeds in Subang, West Java can not meet the market demand yet. The production of Siam-catfish seeds need to be improved especially by the main supplier namely the North Branch of Marine and fisheries service of West Java province (CDKPWU) with a partnership pattern between core and plasma. The purposes of this study were to identify internal and external factors that influence the marketing of Siam-catfish seeds with a network system between CDKPWU and partners, to identify advantages and disadvantages in the network process that occurs between CDKPWU and the partners, and trying to develop the most effective business and marketing srategy of Siam-catfish seeds in order to reach maximum output and outcome. The methods used in this study were as follows: (1) Valuable, Rare, Imitate to Cost and Organized Analysis (VRIO), (2) Political-Legal, Economic, Social, Technology Analysis (PEST), (3) Internal Factor Evaluation Matrix (IFE), (4) External Factor Evaluation Matrix (EFE), (5) Internal External (IE) Matrix, (6) Analysis of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) and (7) Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) Analysis. The result of IFE and EFE matrix indicated that the company's position was stable in response to external situation. The total score of IFE matrix was 3.38, indicating that the strength of CDKPWU can overcome weaknesses very well. The total score of EFE matrix was 2.59, describing that CDKPWU was good enough in responding to opportunities and minimizing threats. The results of the SWOT analysis show nine alternative strategy formulations in which three alternative formulation priorities were (1) Expanding the production partnership network to increase production and increase community income, (2) Maintaining good seed quality and production process technology, (3) Utilizing partnerships to establish good relationship and communication with relevant agencies. Based on the QSPM matrix analysis, the priority strategies are obtained to be implemented, namely expanding the production partnership network to increase production and increase community income Titus Pramono, - Suryahadi, Wini Trilaksani Copyright (c) 2019 MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27426 Mon, 09 Sep 2019 15:52:27 +0700 Analisis Strategy Pengembangan Bisnis E-Commerce Pertamina Retail dengan Pendekatan Bisnis Model Kanvas http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27428 The competition of oil and gas industri in Indonesia is very tight. To get survive from the competition; the company has to develop their technology. Nowadays, technological advancement have salient roles in improving the company's business. PT Pertaminan Retail is a large oil and gas company in Indonesia. This study analyzed the design of e-commerce business development models from PT Pertamina Retail called MyPertamina. The method of the study is descriptive analysis and using business model canvas (BMC), the Delphi method, SWOT (Strenghts, weakness, opportunities, &amp; threats), and the Blue Ocean Strategy. The datas in this study were secondary dan primary data. The secondary data obtained from the literature study and the primary data was by interviewing six informants. The research period starts from November to December 2018. The results of mapping the initial business model that used BMC, showed several aspects such as: customer segments, value propositions, channels, revenue streams, key resources, key activities, key partners, and costs structure. Environmental analysis used the Delphi method and the result was key trend value was 25.48%, industri strength was 25.19%, <em>market strengths</em> was 24.78%, and <em>macroeconomic strengths</em> was 24.55%. MyPertamina's internal environment influenced by product aspects, infrastructure management, customer interface, and financial aspect. The results of the SWOT analysis of nine BMC unsurts showed that the highest strength was the key partnership and the lowest strength was customer relationship. Meanwhile, the biggest opportunity was value proposition and the lowest opportunity was cost structure. The highest threat was customer segment, and the lowest threat was key partners. The business development model in this research focused on customer segment, key partnership, and value proposition, unsurts developed using the blue ocean strategy method. Prori Vitaliano Latief, Rizal Syarief, Rokhani Hasbullah Copyright (c) 2019 MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27428 Sat, 02 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Perancangan Pengukuran Kinerja di PT Sayuran Siap Saji dengan Pendekatan Balanced Scorecard http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27439 PT Sayuran Siap Saji is one of the fresh cut vegetable supplier companies that are developing. In maintaining existence as a result of increasingly fierce business competition, PT X needs to continue to improve its performance. The objectives of the research were to built performance measurement at PT Sayuran Siap Saji using Balanced Scorecard (BSC). BSC is a management tool in measuring performance comprehensively. This research used descriptive techniques through case studies. Determination of resource persons is done by purposive sampling method, namely five experts from the management of PT Sayuran Siap Saji. The data was collected through in-depth interview techniques, structured interviews using questionnaires and literature study. There were four perspectives that became variables in this research, which were financial perspective, customer perspective, internal business process perspective and growth and learning perspective. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to determined the perspective priority and strategic objectives of Balanced Scorecard. The result showed that in the customer perspective, four strategic objectives were identified and five strategic objectives for each of financial perspectives, internal business process perspectives and learning and growth perspectives were identified. In the customer perspective, enhancement of satisfaction and trust from customers shows the highest contribution, meanwhile in the financial perspective, fulfill the requirements to the supplier shows the highest contribution. In the growth and learning perspective, enhancement of the capabilities and the development of the human resources shows the highest contribution, and in the internal business process perspective, product and production process in accordance with the standards shows the highest contribution to the companies performance. This means that the four strategic objectives of each perspective that have the highest contribution are the basis for determining targets and better strategic initiatives for companies in maintaining and improving their performance Yuni Astuti Tri Tartiani, Ujang Sumarwan, - Sahara Copyright (c) 2019 MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27439 Mon, 09 Sep 2019 15:52:27 +0700 Manajemen Risiko Penyakit Unggas pada Peternak dan Pedagang Ayam Broiler di Jawa Barat http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27440 Livestock products are an important commodity in Indonesia. <em>Broiler</em> chickens are one of the main consumption commodities in the community. The high demand for <em>broiler</em> chickens needs to be accompanied by supervision of product quality. Product quality control is one of them is the management of poultry disease risk. The research objective is to determine the behavior of breeders and traders in mitigating the spread of poultry disease. This study was conducted by mapping the supply chain of live <em>broiler</em> chickens to find out the distribution channel, analyzing the behavior of breeders and traders to determine optimal disease mitigation, and multiple linear regression analysis to determine the causes of death. Research locations were conducted in four regions, namely Ciamis Regency, Tasikmalaya Regency, Subang Regency, and Sukabumi Regency. The results of the study show that the supply chain of <em>broiler</em> chickens is different for each region. The longer the distribution channel, the higher the risk of spreading the disease. breeders and traders generally know poultry diseases and the symptoms of chickens infected with the disease. Knowledge of breeders and traders about bird flu symptoms that are better proven to reduce the risk of death of <em>broiler</em> chickens during handling. More than 64% breeders chose to separate sick chickens form healthy chickens, 22% chose to treat sick chikens, 11%sold all si hicens, and 3% destroyed sick chikens. The majority of traders mitigate the disease only by cleaning vehicles and baskets without disinfectants. The mortality rate of chickens in traders significantly increased along with the increase in the number of purchases and the distance of transportation. Muhammad Ismail, Eko Ruddy Cahyadi, Hartrisari Hardjomidjojo Copyright (c) 2019 MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27440 Mon, 09 Sep 2019 15:52:27 +0700 Aplikasi Seven Tools pada Perbaikan Mutu Roundness Bakso Unyil di PT X http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27443 The roundness quality of small meatballs, called Bakso Unyil, produced by PT X has been considered non-uniform and in-competitive. Hence, roundness quality improvement has been becoming one of the priorities for increasing consumer acceptance. This research aims to identify the causes of the poor quality of Unyil Meatballs roundness and find a solution. The improvement methods were: identification of the causes of low quality of roundness (Plan), improvement trials based on alternative solution (Do), and implementation of corrective actions (Action). A total of 60 meatballs samples were taken from three batches (for each batch of 20 samples). Ishikawa Diagram, and histogram were conducted and analysed. Implementation of alternative solutions to improve roundness quality that have been carried out as follows: 1). adjusting the amount of dough in mixing step, 2). the installation of temperature measuring equipment in the preheater, 3). Usage standardization of ice, 4). improvement of phosphate and salt mixing techniques, 5). removal of baking powder, and 6). turn of blades in mixing cake. Result showed that those improvements were not only improve the roundness quality of Unyil meatballs but also improve the smoothness and reducing wrinkle conditions on the surface of Unyil meatballs Tjahja Muhandri, Andika Putra Pratama, Dase Hunaefi Copyright (c) 2019 MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27443 Mon, 09 Sep 2019 15:52:28 +0700 Analisis Pengaruh Keamanan, Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Kantor Penanggulangan Bencana Kabupaten Majene http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27445 This research was conducted to improve ability quality security, occupational health and safety against the performance of an employe at the Office (OPD) disaster relief District of West Sulawesi Province of Majene. The purpose of this research was aimed to: analyse the influence of job security against the performance of an employe at the Office (OPD) Counter measure Bencana Regency of West Sulawesi Province of Majene, analyzing the influence of Safety against the performance of employees on Office (OPD) Counter measure Bencana Regency of West Sulawesi Province of Majene and outlines the influence of Safety against the performance of an employee at the Office (OPD) disaster relief District of West Sulawesi Province of Majene, as well as analyze that most independent variables which are the dominant influence on the dependent variables. The data used are the primary and secondary data. The population of the research was the entire corporate staff in Office Penanggulangan (OPD) Disaster Countries Majene West Sulawesi Province. The research is as many as 30 employees with sampling techniques. Data collection was done through kusioner, and documentation. Methods of data analysis using descriptive statistical analysis, and multiple linear regression using SPSS program 24.00. The results showed in simultaan (together) shows the difference job security of 30.0%, occupational health of 43% compared with 88.5% Safety or on top of 0.05 is proving the influential third on performance Clerk at the Office of District disaster management (OPD) Majene West Sulawesi province. This indicates there is influence together job security, occupational health and safety against the performance of the Employee so that the purpose of this research through analysis, description and a description of the three variables can influence can match with the results of the analysis particularly in the Office of the District disaster management (OPD) Majene West Sulawesi province - Safriansyah, Muh. Rezky Naim Copyright (c) 2019 MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27445 Mon, 09 Sep 2019 15:52:28 +0700 Kajian Strategi Pemasaran Ubi Cilembu (Kasus di Desa Cilembu, Kecamatan Pamulihan, Kabupaten Sumedang) http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27446 One of areas which producing sweet potato is Cilembu Village, located in Pamulihan Subdistrict, Sumedang Regency. The sweet Potato is famous as ubi Cilembu. The objectives of this research were to identify internal and external factors affecting raw material availability and continuity of marketing system of sweet potato Cilembu and to recommend alternative of effective and efficient marketing strategy of sweet potato Cilembu. This research used purposive sampling and also primary and secondary data. Respondents consisted of 30 people from 107 population of sweet potatoes Cilembu in Cilembu village. Analysis was conducted using IFE and EFE matrix, internal-external (IE) matrix, SWOT and QSPM method. From several strategies by using QSPM method, it had chosen one strategy to boost Cilembu sweet potato marketing by KUCP. The strategy was to encourage efforts in creating processing business medium scale of Cilembu sweet potatoes in order to get competitive processed products. Cordelia Ervina, Musa Hubeis, Nora H. Pandjaitan Copyright (c) 2019 MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27446 Mon, 09 Sep 2019 15:52:28 +0700 Strategi Peningkatan Daya Saing Ikan Bandeng Olahan Di Kota Serang Banten http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27447 Milkfish is a fish belonging to the Chanidae tribe which is spread throughout most parts of Indonesia. The method used in determining respondents is purposive sampling method. Based on the results of the SWOT analysis, there are four strategies were obtained in increasing the competitiveness of processed milkfish include; (a) developing a sustainable milkfish agribusiness system and business, (b) building a business system that is competitive, synergistic, mutually beneficial and technology focused on efficiency, (c) institutional, partnership and integrated development of integrated processed fish SMEs, and (d) government involvement in policies in the form of regulations which favor the improvement of milkfish processed SME s in Serang City.The result QSPM analysis found that the alternative strategy which becomes the main priority to increased competitiveness of processed milkfish in Serang City is building a competitive business system, synergy, mutual benefit and technology focus for eficiency Ahmad Ridloudin, Sapta Raharja, - Suryahadi Copyright (c) 2019 MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalmpi/article/view/27447 Sat, 02 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700