Penampilan Karakter Hortikultura Beberapa Varietas Tomat Hibrida di Rumah Kaca Dataran Rendah

  • Ady Daryanto Gunadarma University
  • Muhammad Ridha Alfarabi Istiqlal Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Universitas Gunadarma Jl. Margonda Raya No. 100 Pondok Cina, Depok, Jawa Barat 16424, Indonesia
  • Ummu Kalsum Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Universitas Gunadarma Jl. Margonda Raya No. 100 Pondok Cina, Depok, Jawa Barat 16424, Indonesia
  • Ratih Kurniasih Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Universitas Gunadarma Jl. Margonda Raya No. 100 Pondok Cina, Depok, Jawa Barat 16424, Indonesia

Abstract

Urban farming activities are needed to support food security, nutrition, and vitamins for families in urban areas. Information on the characteristics of tomato varieties for urban farming in the greenhouse is still limited. The objective of this research was to evaluate the horticultural characteristics of several hybrid tomato varieties grown in the lowland greenhouse. The experiment was carried out using a randomized complete block design (RCBD) on 5 hybrid tomato varieties with 3 replications at Gunadarma University’s greenhouse, Depok City, West Java, from October 2018 to January 2019. There were significant differences for all quantitative characters among 5 varieties. Tymoti and Tantyna varieties showed good performance at lowland and had good size for vegetable tomato type. Agatha and Ultima varieties showed a fruit size decreasing to 40% in lowland greenhouse. Rewako variety was not suitable for lowland because of the highest flower dropping and lowest fruit setting. Plant growth, young fruit color, and fruit shape in the longitudinal section are important identification keys of tomato variety.

Keywords: determinate, indeterminate, Solanum lycopersicum, urban farming

Published
2020-08-28
How to Cite
Daryanto, A., Muhammad Ridha Alfarabi Istiqlal, Ummu Kalsum, & Ratih Kurniasih. (2020). Penampilan Karakter Hortikultura Beberapa Varietas Tomat Hibrida di Rumah Kaca Dataran Rendah . Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy), 48(2), 157-164. https://doi.org/10.24831/jai.v48i2.30502