Produksi Kacang Tunggak (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp) dengan Input Pupuk Rendah
Cowpea is prospective as a substitute for soybeans, as raw material for tempeh. In this study, low inputs of cowpea production is proposed. This study aimed to determine the effect of manure and nitrogen fertilizer on the growth and production of cowpea. The study was conducted at the Cikabayan Experimental Station, IPB, Bogor, Indonesia, from November 2018 to March 2019, using a split-plot design. As the main plot was goat manure rates consisted of 0, 2.5, and 5 tons ha-1. The subplots consisted of four rates of nitrogen, namely 0, 15, 30, and 45 kg N ha-1. The results showed that the application of manure increased the fresh weight of the leaf, the number of flower bunches, and the number of flowers. The application of N fertilizer increased leaf fresh weight, leaf area index, dry root weight, and shoot/root ratio at five weeks after planting. The combination of organic fertilizer with a dose of 2.5 tons ha-1 combined with 45 kg ha-1 nitrogen fertilizer tends to give better productivity than without fertilizer. Thus, cowpea can be produced using low input of manure and N.
Keywords: leaf area index, leaf weight, flower bunches