Effect of Tree Litter Application on Lowland Rice Yield in Bangladesh

  • Kazi Liaquat Hossain
  • Mohammad Abdul Wadud
  • Edi Santosa

Abstract

The effect of tree litters on rice yield (cv. BR11) was evaluated in the study. Four kinds of tree litter, i.e., ipil-ipil or lamtoro (Leucaena leucocephala (Lamk) De Witt), sissoo (Dalbergia sissoo), akashmoni (Acacia auriculiformis) and mander (Erythrina orientalis) were incorporated into the soil 15 days before transplanting at rate of 5 ton/ha supplemented with inorganic fertilizers (83 kg N, 48 kg P205­,42 kg K20, 10 kg S and 3.6 kg Zn/ha). In the control plots only recommended inorganic fertilizer were applied. Results showed that tree litter application had a significantly positive effect on the yield parameters such as plant height, panicle length, tillers per hill, filled grain and index of 1000-grain weight. Grain yield of plots treated with ipil-ipil, sissoo, akashmoni and mander was 5.61, 4.49, 4.95 and 5.36 ton/ha, and the yield increased over control plots 39.6, 11.7, 23.1 and 33.3%, respectively.  It is worthy to note that addition of tree litter to inorganic fertilizer produced significantly higher yield than inorganic fertilizers solely. Among the tree litter, ipil-ipil and mander had the greatest increase in rice yield, while akashmoni was intermediate and sissoo was the least.

 

Key words: Agroforestry residues, rice, sustainable agriculture and tree-based cropping

How to Cite
Hossain, K. L., Wadud, M. A., & Santosa, E. (1). Effect of Tree Litter Application on Lowland Rice Yield in Bangladesh. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy), 35(3). https://doi.org/10.24831/jai.v35i3.1324