DINAMIKA HASIL TANGKAPAN BARONANG (Siganus sp.) PADA RUMPON HIDUP SECARA SPASIAL-TEMPORAL DI PESISIR ULOULO KABUPATEN LUWU

. Suardi, Budy Wiryawan, Am Azbas Taurusman, Joko Santoso, Mochammad Riyanto

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Biological-Fish Aggregation Devices (Bio FADs) is FADs which designed used seaweed as an attractor.  Bio FADs in this study were made using two species of seaweed i.e Eucheuma cottonii, called cottonii FADs (FC) and Gracilaria sp. called gracilaria FADs (FG).  The purpose of this study was to analyze the dynamics of Siganus sp catch around Bio FADs based on species, abundance, and ecological characteristics spatially and temporally. The research was conducted in Uloulo coastal waters of Luwu district from October 2014 to August 2015.  Fish samples were collected by using scoop net on both types of FADs which were installed in three different habitats as observation stations. The Shannon-Wienner (H') diversity index is relatively moderate in spatially and temporally. ANOSIM  shows that the abundance of fish catches between habitats is significantly different (R = 0,268; p = 0,001).  River estuary habitat has the highest abundance of catches which is about 14.77 ind/m2.  Furthermore, the abundance of catches between monsoon was significantly different (R = 0,110; p = 0,001)The highest abundance of fish catches in the west monsoon (WM) is about  20,67 ind/m2. SIMPER analysis shows that Siganus canaliculatus is the main species based on habitat and season. The contribution of Siganus canaliculatus is quite high in seagrass habitat which is about 96.38%. Keywords: Bio-FADs, dynamics of catch, Siganus sp.

ABSTRAK

Rumpon hidup atau Biological-Fish Aggregation Devices adalah rumpon yang didesain menggunakan rumput laut  sebagai atraktor. Rumpon hidup pada penelitian ini  dibuat dengan menggunakan rumput laut jenis  Eucheuma cottonii sehingga disebut rumpon cottonii(RC) dan Gracillaria sp  atau rumpon gracillaria (RG). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis dinamika hasil tangkapan ikan baronang (Siganus sp.) di sekitar rumpon hidup berdasarkan jenis, kelimpahan, dan karakteristik ekologis secara   spasial  dan temporal.  Penelitian  ini dilaksanakan di perairan pesisir Uloulo Kabupaten Luwu dari bulan Oktober 2014  sampai  Agustus 2015. Sampel ikan  dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan serok  pada kedua jenis rumpon   yang dipasang di tiga habitat yang berbeda sebagai stasiun  pengamatan.  Indeks diversitas Shannon-Wienner (H') secara  spasial dan temporal relatif moderat.  Hasil ANOSIM  menunjukkan  bahwa  kelimpahan hasil tangkapan ikan antar habitat berbeda  sangat nyata,   (R = 0,268; p = 0,001).  Habitat muara sungai memiliki kelimpahan hasil tangkapan tertinggi yaitu 14,77 ind/m2. Selanjutnya kelimpahan hasil tangkapan  berdasarkan musim berbeda  nyata (R = 0,110; p = 0,001).  Kelimpahan hasil tangkapan ikan  tertinggi  pada musim barat (MB) yaitu 20,67 ind/m2 .Analisis SIMPER  menunjukkan  bahwa Siganus canaliculatus sebagai spesies utama   berdasarkan habitat dan musim. Kontsribusi Siganus canaliculatus  cukup tinggi  pada habitat padang lamun yaitu  sebesar  96,34% .

Kata kunci:  rumpon hidup, dinamika hasil tangkapan, Siganus sp.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jmf.10.1.45-57

Copyright (c) 2019 Marine Fisheries : Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



Marine Fisheries
, Jurnal Teknologi dan Manajemen Perikanan Laut, Department of Fisheries Resources Utilization,
Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Technology,
Bogor Agricultural University.
Jl. Lingkar Kampus, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680.
Phone (0251) 8622935, Fax (0251) 8421732, Email: marfish.journal@gmail.com


 

 
Lisensi Creative Commons
Marine Fisheries is licensed under
a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.