EVALUASI KESESUAIAN LAHAN UNTUK KAWASAN PERMUKIMAN DENGAN METODE MULTI CRITERIA EVALUATION DI KOTA PADANG

Iswandi Umar, Widiatmaka Widiatmaka, Bambang Pramudya, Baba Barus

Abstract


Population growthis linear tothe requrement of settlement area, while the area of the earth is limited. It was caused inappropriate use of the land. This study aims to identify, analyze, and describe dynamics and suitability of land for settlements in Padang. Determination of land suitablity for settlementis using Multi Criteria Evaluation (MCE) method. The indicators used in determining the suitability of land for settlement is the slope, the frequency of flooding, drainage, distrubusi gravel, rock distribution and effective depth. Weighting in the analysis of land suitability based on the opinions of experts from various fields related to as many as 15 experts. Analysis result for land suitability of settlements in the area show that: there were 12.543 ha (18%) very suitable for settlement; 52.390 ha (75,4%) were suitable for settletment; 4.279 ha (6,2%).were compatible with marginal for settlement; and 285 ha (0,8%) were unsuitable for settlement. The area is very suitable for residential areas is very limited, so expect optimal utilization.

Keywords


evaluation;land; MCE; suitablity; settlement areas

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


[Perda] Peraturan Daerah Kota Padang .(2012). Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah (RTRW) Kota Padang 2008-2028. Peraturan Daerah Nomor 4 Tahun 2012. Walikota Padang. Padang

[PPT] Pusat Penelitian Tanah Bogor, 1990. Peta Jenis Tanah.

[RePPProT] Regional Physical Planning Program for Transmigration, 1990. Land System.

[RI] Republik Indonesia, 2007. Undang-Undang No 26 Tahun 2007 tentang Penataan Ruang. Lembaran Negara RI Tahun 2007, No 68. Sekretariat Negara. Jakarta.

[USDA] United States Department of Agriculture, 1971. Guide for Interpreting Engineering Uses of Soils. US. Dept. of Agriculture. Washington DC.

[WCED] World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987. Our Common Future. United Nation World Commission on Environment and Development. Oxford University Pr. London.

Baja, S., 2012. Perencanaan Tata Guna Lahan dalam Pengembangan Wilayah. Penerbit ANDI. Yogyakarta.

Burhanuddin, 2010. Karakteristik Teritorialitas Ruang pada Permukiman Padat Diperkotaan. Jurnal Ruang, 2 (1): 39-46.

Hardjowigeno, S., dan Widiatmaka. 2007. Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan dan Perencanaan Tataguna Lahan. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Hartono, Anggoro, S., dan Buchori, I., 2015. Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan Permukiman Perum Bukit Persada Indah Kelurahan Purwoyoso Semarang. Jurnal Teknis 10(1), pp. 22-23.

Hermon, D., 2012. Mitigasi Bencana Hidrometeorlogi.UNP Press. Padang.

Kaur, E., Palang, H., dan Soovali, H., 2004. Landscapes in Change-Opposing Attitudes in Saaremaa, Estonia. Landscape and Urban Planning 67(2), pp. 109-120.

Kodoatie, R., 2013. Rekayasa dan Banjir Kota. Penerbit ANDI. Yogyakarta.

Kumajas, M., 2006. Inventarisasi dan Pemetaan Rawan Longsor Kota Manado Sulawesi Utara. Forum Geografi 20(2), pp. 190-197.

Marimin, dan Maghfiroh, N., 2010. Aplikasi Teknik Pengambil Keputusan dalam Manajemen Rantai Pasok. IPB Press. Bogor.

Muta'ali, L., 2012. Daya Dukung Lingkungan untuk Perencanaan Pengembangan Wilayah. Badan Penerbit Fakultas Geografi (BPFG)

Mutaáli, L., 2013. Penataan Ruang Wilayah dan Kota. Badan Penerbit Fakultas Geografi (BPFG) Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.

Pribadi, D., Shiddiq, D., dan Ermyanila, M., 2006. Model Perubahan Tutupan Lahan dan Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhinya. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan. Pusat Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi Lingkungan 3 (1), pp. 77-91.

Rachmat, AR., dan Pamungkas, A., 2014. Faktor-faktor Kerentanan yang Berpengaruh terhadap Bencana Banjir Di Kecamatan Manggala Kota Makasar. Jurnal Teknik Pomits 3(2), pp. 178-184.

Sadyohutomo, M. (2008). Manajemen Kota dan Wilayah Realitas dan Tantangan. Penerbit Bumi Aksara. Jakarta.

Sitorus, S.R.P., 2004. Evaluasi Sumberdaya Lahan. Edisi Ketiga. Penerbit Tarsito. Bandung.

Sumadikum, B.P., 2007. Dampak Pertimbangan Ekonomi terhadap Tata Ruang Kota Jakarta dan Bopunjur. Jurnal Presipitasi 2(1), pp. 34-38.

Umar, I., 2016. Mitigasi Bencana Banjir pada Kawasan Permukiman Di Kota Padang Provinsi Sumatera Barat. (Disertasi). Sekolah

Yunus, S.H., 2008. Dinamika Wilayah Peri Urban Determinasi Masa Depan Kota. Pustaka Pelajar. Yogyakarta.

Yang, M., Qian, X., Zhang, Y., Sheng, J., Shen, D., dan Ge, Y., 2011. Spatian Multicriteria Dicision Analysis of Flood Risks in Aging Dam Management in China. International Journal of Enviromental Research and Public Health 8(5), pp.1368-1387.

Zakaria, Z., 2009. Analisis Kestabilan Lereng Tanah. Laboratorium Geologi Fakultas Teknik Geologi Universitas Padjadjaran. Bandung.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19081/jpsl.2017.7.2.148

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management)


Editorial Office:
Pusat Penelitian Lingkungan Hidup (PPLH) 
Gedung PPLH Lantai 4 
Jl. Lingkar Akademik 
Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680 
Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Tel. +62-251-8621262, 8621085 
Fax. +62-251-8622134
E-mail: jpsl-ipb@apps.ipb.ac.id 


This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

JPSL visitor stats View JPSL Stats (since Jan 29th 2016)