Pembangunan, Deforestasi dan Perubahan Iklim (Development, Deforestation and Climate Change)
Natural resources utilities to fulfill human’s needs have been occurring massively since a concept of “progress” became human’s dreams. To achieve the progress, development concept that means as serious efforts to avoid damage and strive into betterment has emerged. The first development ideology that was emerged and developed was modernization. Industrialization as main character of modernization caused improvement in various aspects of life. From environmental aspect, economic improvement achieved has caused various environmental impacts that harmful to human’s life, such
as deforestation, forest degradation and climate change. Since 1980’s, deforestation has extended to a very complex environmental issue globally. Deforestation could be seen as a side effect of a particular policy or political action. On the other hand, deforestation caused other various environmental
problems, such as global warming. Global warming occurred since there was an increase of greenhouse gases concentration in the atmosphere. The relation among development, deforestation, and climate change was analyzed through analysis on power relation and conflict of interest among
actors involved. The analysis showed that various strategies in development and environmental impact mitigations that conducted by developing countries were actually a form of powerand knowledge domination of developed countries. Through international institutions, they are offering
atonementconcepts in various schemes which imply particular missions that basically they still want to obtain profits from developing countries without taking the risks from the execution of the schemes.
Keywords: development, modernization, deforestation, global warming, power relation