Natural Regeneration Population of Batang Rattan (Calamus zollingeri Beccari) in Nupabomba Village, Production Forest Area, Central Sulawesi

Titi Kalima, Diana Prameswari

Abstract


This research aimed to obtain information on the abundance and natural regeneration population of Calamus zollingeri Beccari and identify dominant trees in the site. The study used the descriptive method with a survey technique.  A transect of 520 m consisting of 13 plots of 20 × 20 m was established. The number of individuals, the lengths, and diameters of the stems for the seedlings, young, semi-mature,  and mature cutting rattan were recorded along with the surrounding vegetation. Relative density, the frequency of rattan plants and trees were summed to obtain the important value index (IVI) of each growth rate.  The results showed that the natural regeneration population was quite abundant, i.e.  738.46, 296.15, 132.69, and 25.00 stems ha-1 for seedlings, young, semi-mature, and mature rattan, respectively as a response to logging in which a number of the seedlings tended to increase after logging. The trees associated with C. zollingeri were Baccaurea rasemosa, Celtis philippensis, and Fagraea fragrans. The existence of seedling regeneration is a guarantee to the sustainability of C. zollingeri in the future. Therefore, forests with rattan need to be developed to improve the preservation, utilization, and conservation of its genetic resources, as well as enhancing the community awareness

Keywords


superior local rattan, Calamus zollingeri, exploration, natural regeneration

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agus A, Kunut AA, Sudhartono A, B Toknok B. 2014. Keanekaragaman jenis rotan (Calamus Spp.) di kawasan hutan lindung wilayah Kecamatan Dampelas Sojol, Kabupaten Donggala. Warta Rimba 2(2):102–108.

Arifin YF. 2008. An Inventory of types and habitat of rattan in the forest of the highland and the lowland of Borneo South. Faculty of Forestry. Lambung Mangkurat University. Banjarbaru. South Kalimantan. Biota 13(3):141–146

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2011. Kabupaten Donggala Dalam Angka. Kerjasama Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah dan Penanaman Modal Kabupaten Donggala. (Donggala District in Numbers. Cooperation of Local Development and Planning Agency and Investment Development Donggala District). Donggala: Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Donggala.

Badan Standar Nasional. 2017. Jenis, Sifat, Kegunaan dan Persebaran Rotan. (Species, Characteristic, and Uses of Rattan). SNI 7208-2017.

Curran L, Trigg S, Mc Donald A, Astiani D, Hariono Y, Siregar P, Caniago I, Kasischke E. 2004. Lowland forest loss in protected areas of Indonesia Borneo. Science 303:1000–1003. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1091714.

Dendang B, Handayani W. 2015. Struktur dan komposisi tegakan hutan di Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango, Jawa Barat (Structure and forest stand composition at Gunung Gede Pangrago National Park, West Java). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Masyarakat Biodiversitas Indonesia 1:691–695.

FAO. 2011. Indonesia: Call to revamp trade and export of rattan. Etherington T, Muir G, Mitchell R. Lazarev A, Fanego D, editors. 7 Non-wood news Vol. 22.

Gautama I. 2008. Analisis biaya dan proses pemanenan rotan alam di desa mambue Kab Luwu Utara. Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat 3(1):1–110.

Groombridge B, Jenkins M. 2002. World Atlas of Biodiversity. California: University of California Press Berkeley.

Hidayat S. 2014. Kondisi vegetasi hutan lindung Sesaot, Kabupaten Lombok Barat, Nusa Tenggara Barat, sebagai informasi dasar pengelolaan kawasan (Condition of protection forest vegetation of Sesaot, West Lombok district Nusa Tenggara Barat as basic information of area management). Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacaea 3(2):97-105. https://doi.org/10.18330/jwallacea.2014.vol3iss2pp97-105.

Hong LT, Rao VR, Amaral W. 2001. Research on rattan genetic resources conservation anduse: the perspective and strategy of the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute Unasylva. P.52–56.

ITTO, Ministry of Forestry Republic of Indonesia 2007:Inventory of standing stocks in natural forest and plantation; Development of sustainable rattan production and utilization through participation of rattan smallholders and industry in Indonesia: 29p.

Kalima T, Jasni. 2015. Prioritas penelitian dan pengembangan jenis rotan andalan setempat (Research and development priority of local important rattan species). Di dalam: Prodising Seminar Nasional Masyarakat Biodiversitas Indonesia1(8):1868–1876. Masyarakat Biodiversitas Indonesia. Program Biosains, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta Jurusan Biologi, FMIPA, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Kalima T. 2004. Permudaan alami spesies rotan di Kawasan Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun, Jawa Barat (Natural regeneration of rattan species at Gunung Halimun National Park Area, West Java). Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam 1(3):356–365.

Kawasan Pengelolaan Hutan Produksi (KPHP), 2013. Buku Rencana Pengelolaan Hutan Jangka Panjang Kphp Model Dolago Tanggunung Di Kabupaten Parigi Moutong, Kabupaten Sigi,

Kabupaten Donggala Dan Kota Palu Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Balai Pemantapan Kawasan

Hutan Wilayah XVI Palu.

Kessler et al. 2002. Checklist of Woody Plants of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Blumea Suplement 14:1–160.

Kessler M, Keßler PJA, Gradstein SR, Bach K, Michaela S, Pitopang R . 2005. Tree diversity in primary forest and different land use systems in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Biodivers Conserv 14:547–560. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-004-3914-7

Kidyoo AM, McKey D. 2012. Flowering phenology and mimicry of the rattan Calamus castaneus (Arecaceae) in southern Thailand. Botany 90(9):856–65. https://doi.org/10.1139/b2012-058.

KPHP Model Dolago Tanggunung. 2013. Rencana Pengelolaan Hutan Jangka Panjang KPHP Model Dolago Tanggunung, Kabupaten Donggala Dan Kota Palu Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah (Long Term Forest Management Plan of KPHP Model of Dolago Tanggunung Donggala district and Palu city North Sulawesi province). Palu: KPHP Donggala Tanggunung

Martono D. 2010. Rattan cultivation technique, research and development of forest produce in Bogor (in Indonesian). A paper presented in: Workshop on Facilitating Enterprise Development of Forest Produce Other than Wood(HHBK), August 24, 2010, Palangka Raya

Murdjoko A, Marsono D, Sadono R, Hadisusanto S. 2016. Tree Association with Pometia its Structure in Logging Concession of South Papua Forest. Jurnal Managemen Hutan Tropika 22(3):180–191. https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.22.3.180.

Jasni K, Kalima T, Malik J, Abdurachman. 2012. Atlas Rotan Indonesia. Jilid 3. Bogor: Pusat penelitian dan Pengembangan Keteknikan Kehutanan dan pengolahan Hasil Hutan.

Mogea JP. 2004. Preliminary studi on the palm flora of the Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Biotropia (18):1–20.

Prameswari D, Kalima T. 2018. Reintroduksi Jenis Spesies Daemonorops robusta Warb. Ex Beccari di Hutan Produksi Dolago Tanggunung, Nupabomba, Sulawesi Tengah. Di dalam Prosiding Seminar Nasional Silvikultur V dan Kongres Masyarakat Silvikultur Indonesia IV: 315-325. Lambung Mangkurat University Press.

Purnomo H. 2003. A system dynamic model for developing policy options of sustanaible and equitable forest management. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika IX(2):45–62.

Ruslandi, Halperin J, Putz FE. 2012. Effects of felling gap proximity on residual tree mortality and growth in a dipterocarp forest in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 24(241):110–24.

Rustiami,H. 2011. Revision of Calamus and Daemonorops (Arecaceae) in Sulawesi (Thesis). Bogor : Program School of Postgraduate Study, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.

Senoaji G. 2010. Studi Kesesuaian Lahan untuk Penentuan Kawasan Lindung Konak Kabupaten Kepahiang Propinsi Bengkulu. Jurnal Kehutanan Universitas Bengkulu.

Shaanker R U, Ganeshaiah KN, SrinivasanK, Ramanatha RV. Hong LT. 2004. Bamboos and Rattans of the Western Ghats–population biology, socio-economics and conservation strategies; Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE); Bangalore: 203p

Siebert SF. 2000. Sustainable harvesting of wild rattan: viable concept or ecological oxymoron?. http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/x9923e/x9923e12.htm#TopOfPage

Siebert SF, Belsky JM. 2002. Livelihood security and protected area management. International Journal of Wilderness 8:38–42

Siebert SF. 2004. Demographic effects of rattan cane collecting and implications for sustainable harvesting. Conservacy Biology 18:424– 431.

Siebert SF. 2005 The abundance and distribution of rattan over an elevation gradient in Sulawesi,

Indonesia. Forest Ecology and Management 210:143–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.02.015.

Soerianegara I, Indrawan A. 2005. Ekologi Hutan Indonesia. Bogor: Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Stiegel S, Kessler M, Getto D, Thonhofer J, Siebert SF. 2011. Elevational patterns of species

richness and density of rattan palms (Arecaceae: Calamoideae) in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Biodivers Conservacy 20:1987–2005. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-011-0070-8

Sunderland TCH, Dransfield J. 2002. Species profiles of rattans. In: Rattan: Current

Issues and Prospects for Conservation and Sustainable Development. Dransfield J, Tesoro FO & Manokaran N, editors. Rome: FAO.

Uslinawaty U, Rosmarlinasiah A. 2014. Morphology and level of abundance of Rattan Papalia protected forest district In South Konawe. Biowallacea 1(2):90−96.

Wahyudi A, Jannetta S. 2011. Potensi dan permudaan alam rotan penghasil jernang di kawasan Taman Nasional Bukit Tigapuluh, Riau. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam 8(3):237−243. https://doi.org/10.20886/jphka.2011.8.3.237-243.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN : 2087-0469

E-ISSN : 2089-2063

Creative Commons License
This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


visitors since November 2016