KETERKAITAN PRODUK DAN PELAKU DALAM PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS HORTIKULTURA UNGGULAN DI PROVINSI ACEH

Suyanti Kasimin

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that affect the level of production and horticultural income in Aceh Province. Moreover, some obstacles encountered in the development of agribusiness were analyzed and the relationship of actors in leading horticultural agribusiness development in Aceh was examined. Sample was 81 respondents, consisting of farmers, middlemen, agricultural extensions, community leaders, and researchers. T-test, regression and slices of opinion between the various stakeholders were used in this research. The results showed that horticultural production is influenced by the availability of the means of production and technology, while revenue is affected by the sales price and the cost of marketing. Products linkage appeared to be low due to low farmer access to inputs, high pest and disease, and the low sale price. Linkage between actors was also low due to the high dependence of the upstream actors towards downstream actors, the discontent of upstream actors against the payment system of downstream actors, and distrust of downstream actors towards product quality and continuity. Hence, it is necessary for the improvement of policy development and eradication of pests and assistance the means of production, improved selling prices, product quality, and market information.

Keywords: agribusiness development, superior holiticulture, locality and synergic


ABSTRAK

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi tingkat produksi dan pendapatanhortikultura di Provinsi Aceh. Selain itu, juga ditelaah beberapa kendala yang dihadapi dalam pengembangan agribisnis serta menelaah keterkaitan pelaku dalam pengembangan agribisnis hortikultura unggulan di Aceh. Sampel berjumlah 81 responden, terdiri atas petani, pedagang perantara, penyuluh  pertanian, tokoh masyarakat, dan peneliti. Uji t, regresi berganda dan irisan pendapat antara berbagai pemangku kepentingan digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi hortikultura dipengaruhi oleh ketersediaan sarana produksi dan teknologi, sedangkan pendapatan dipengaruhi oleh harga jual dan biaya pemasaran. Keterkaitan produk terlihat rendah disebabkan rendahnya akses petani terhadap sarana produksi, tingginya serangan hama dan penyakit, serta rendahnya harga jual. Keterkaitan antar pelaku juga rendah karena ketergantungan yang tinggi pelaku hulu terhadap pelaku hilir, ketidakpuasan  pelaku hulu terhadap sistem pembayaran pelaku hilir, serta ketidakpercayaan pelaku hilir terhadap kualitas dan kontinuitas produk. Oleh kareba itu, diperlukan kebijakan untuk peningkatan pembinaan dan pemberantasan hama penyakit serta bantuan sarana produksi, perbaikan harga jual, mutu produk, dan informasi pasar.  

Kata kunci: pengembangan agribisnis, hortikultura unggulan, lokalitas dan sinergitas


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17358/jma.10.2.117-127

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