ANALISIS EKOLOGI LANSKAP AGROFORESTRI PADA RIPARIAN SUNGAI CILIWUNG DI KOTA BOGOR

Yulius Budi Prastiyo, . Kaswanto, Hadi Susilo Arifin

Abstract


Ciliwung River flows from Bogor district, Bogor city, Depok, to Jakarta. The river faces many problems, especially settlement occupation on its riparian zones. The problem has damaged its natural ecological structures and the agroforestry practices such as mixed gardens, forest gardens, and pekarangan (home garden) in riparian landscape. This research objective is to analyze the structure, function, and dynamics of riparian agroforestry landscape of Ciliwung River in Bogor City. The landscape ecological index analysis approach is used to quantify the structure, function, and dynamics of the landscape. The existing land use in Ciliwung riparian in Bogor City has been dominated by the constructed land, such as settlements and housing. Those land use can be found with an area of 33.78 ha (60.50%) in the upper segment and 34.65 ha (56.54%) in the under segment. Meanwhile, in the middle segment is still dominated by the agroforestry area, such as forest gardens, mixed garden, and pekarangan with an area of 17.59 ha (55.23%). The function of these structures is as the core habitat and movement media of material, energy, animal, and human. The spatial dynamics of the Ciliwung riparian landscape in Bogor City revealed that the more patches of settlements and housing on a landscape, the more patches of pekarangan on the landscape.

Keywords: Agroforestry landscape, Ciliwung River, landscape ecology, riparian areas


Keywords


ecology landscape

References


Adi, B.T.S., Indrawan, A., Prasetyo, L.B. 2012. Analisis Lanskap Ekologi untuk Mengukur Fragmentasi Penggunaan Lahan, Wilayah Hulu Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat. https://jlskindonesia.wordpress.com (diakses 30 Mei 2017).

Arifin, H.S., Wulandari, C., Pramukanto, Q., Kaswanto, R.L. 2009. Analisis Lanskap Agroforestri: Konsep, Metode, dan Pengelolaan Agroforestri Skala Lanskap dengan Study Kasus Indonesia, Filipina, Laos, Thailand, dan Vietnam. IPB Press. Bogor, Indonesia.

Arifin, H.S. 1998. Effects of Urbanization on the Vegetation Structure of the Home Gardens in West Java Indonesia. Journal Japan J. Trop. Agric. Vol. 42 (2): 94-102.

[BPDAS] Balai Pengelolaan DAS Citarum-Ciliwung. 2013. Rencana Pengelolaan DAS Terpadu DAS Ciliwung. Bogor (ID): Departemen Kehutanan.

Congalton, R., Green, K. 1999. Assessing the Accuracy of Remote Sensed Data: Principles and Practices. Lewis Publishers. Washington DC.

Dindaroglu, T., Reis, M., Akay, A.E., Tonguc, F. 2015. Hydroecological approach for Determining the Width of Riparian Buffer Zones for Providing Soil Conservation and Water Quality. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 12:275-284.

Forman, R., Gordon, M. 1983. Lansdcape Ecology. John Wiley & Son; New York.

Hartvigsen, M. 2014. Land Reform and Land Fragmentation in Central and Eastern Europe. Land Use Policy. 36: 330-341.

Khoiriah, I.F., Farda, N.M. 2010. Perbandingan Akurasi Klasifikasi Penutup Lahan Hasil Penggabungan Citra ALOS AVNIR-2 dan ALOS PALSAR pada Polarisasi Berbeda dengan Transformasi Wavelet. http://lib.geo.ugm.ac.id/ojs/index.php/jbi/article/viewFile/11/11 (diakses 30 Mei 2017).

Leitao, A.B., Ahern, J. 2002. Applying Landscape Ecological Concepts and Metrics in Sustainable Landscape Planning. Landscape and Urban Planning 59: 65-93.

McGarigal, K., Marks, B.J. 1995. FRAGSTATS. Spatial Pattern Analysis Program for Quantifying Landscape Structure. Version 2.0. Forest Science Department. Oregon State University.

Noviandi, T.U.Z., Arifin, H.S., Kaswanto. 2016. Manajemen Lanskap Riparian Sebagai Strategi Pengendalian Ruang Terbuka Biru pada Sungai Ciliwung [Seminar Hasil Tesis]. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Purnomo, D.W., Helmanto, H., Yudaputra, A. 2015. Peran Kebun Raya Indonesia dalam Upaya Konservasi Tumbuhan dan Penurunan Emisi Karbon. Pros Sem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon. 1: 66-70.

Republik Indonesia. 1990. Keputusan Presiden Nomor 32 Tahun 1990 tentang Pengelolaan Kawasan Lindung. Jakarta.

Republik Indonesia. 2011. Peraturan Presiden Nomor 93 Tahun 2011 tentang Kebun Raya. Jakarta.

Stevaux, J.C., Corradini, F.A., Aquino, S. 2012. Connectivity Processes and Riparian Vegetation of the Upper Paraná River, Brazil. J South American Earth Sciences. 46:113-121.

Susetyo, B., Widiatmaka, Arifin, H.S., Machfud, Nurhayati. 2014. Analisis Spasial Kemampuan dan Kesesuaian Lahan untuk Mendukung Model Perumusan Kebijakan Manajemen Lanskap di Sempadan Ciliwung, Kota Bogor. Majalah Ilmiah Globë. 16: 51-58.

York, A.M., Shrestha, M., Boone, C.G., Zhang, S., Harrington, J.A., Prebyl, T.J., Swann, A., Agar, M., Antolin, M.F., Nolen, B., Wright, J.B., Skaggs, R. 2011. Land Fragmentation Under Rapid Urbanization: A cross-site analysis of Southwestern cities. Urban Ecosyst 14: 429–455.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.2017.9.2.81-90

Creative Commons License
LanskapIndonesia is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

 

View My Stats