., Yuliana, Jurusan IKK, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
Vol 1, No 2 (2006): November 2006 - Articles
The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of extension on nutrition-health and other factors on the growth of pre-school children. The design of this study was a quasi experiment. The subjects of this study were pre-school children aged 3-6 year old with some specified criteria, such as having no story of severe malnutrition and low birth weight, having a complete parents, literacy ability of the mother, stated in a health condition/undefect handicapped, and did not follow any programs of early-age children education. The subjects were divided into two groups, namely group of control and group of intervention. The primary data collected consisted of family’s characteristics, child’s characteristics, and children’s care and development environment. Generally, there was no significant difference between pre- and post-test of mother’s knowledge on nutrition-health, both of control and intervention groups; however, there was a slightly difference on child-care on nutrition-health for the two groups. There was a significant difference on mother’s knowledge on nutrition-health between pre- and post- extension on the both groups. About 51.3% of child’s growth was determined by factors of family and children. The factors which had a possitive significant influence were body lenght, and mother’s knowledge on nutrition-health.Keywords : intervention, caring, cognitive, psychomotor, social, emotional.
Vol 1, No 1 (2006): Juli 2006 - Articles
The study was aimed to get data on kind of processing and acceptance level of local soybean products in rural and urban areas in Java Island. The study locations were South Jakarta (Province of DKI Jakarta); Serang and Tangerang (Province of Banten); Bekasi, Bogor and Bandung (Province of West Java); Purwokerto, Semarang and Solo (Province of Central Java); Yogyakarta (Province of D.I.Yogyakarta); Malang, Jember and Surabaya (Province of East Java). The study was a part of a grand study on processing, acceptance, and consumption pattern of local soybean products at various socio-economic level of households in Java Island in 2005. The data were obtained by interviewing and observing 2080 households (consisted of 1280 households in urban and 800 households in rural areas) selected randomly. Soybean products that mostly found in the market and consumed by households of Indonesian people, particularly in Java Island, were tempe, tauco, soy-sauce, tofu, tofu-flower, soy-sprout, and oncom. The mostly ways to process the soy products were stir-frying, deep-frying, toasting, boiling, and ‘bacem’. Besides, there were also some soy products that consumed directly at a household level after factorized processing, namely as soy-sauce and soy-milk. The average time used to process the soy-products varied, depended on the way of processing and number of the product processed. Stir-frying, especially for tempe, tofu, and tauge, was a frequent way done by poor and rich households, both in urban and rural areas. The products that mostly processed by frying in rural household was tempe, tofu and soybean, meanwhile in urban areas were only tempe and tofu. The everage time used by urban households to fry the soy-products was shorter than time used by rural households. It was found that more than 90% of households in rural and urban areas stated “like” and “like very much” tempe, tofu, and soy-sauce. However, the acceptance level of household on tauco, soy-milk, and soy-flower was still low, namely less than 50%.Keywords: handling, processing, acceptance, soy-products.