Vol 6, No 1 (2011)

MARET 2011

Table of Contents


Some test results hedonic by ordinary people who consume the dadih in West Sumatra in 2009 on dadih made from cow's milk using Lactobacillus casei culture couldn’t be accepted because it was still too acidic than dadih from buffalo milk. One solution to reduce the sour taste is to combine the bacterial culture L. casei with other lactic acid bacteria that produce flavor relatively low acidity. The study aimed to determine the characteristics of probiotic dadih using a combination starter L. casei, L. plantarum and B. longum during storage at room temperature (ambient) and cold temperature. The study was designed using randomized block design with 6x3 factorial patterns of three groups as replication. Treatment A (combination of probiotic bacteria) that L. casei (A1), B. longum (A2), L. plantarum (A3), L. casei: L. plantarum 1:5 (A4), L. casei: B. longum 1:5 (A5) and L. casei: L. plantarum: B. longum 1:4:1 (A6), and factor B (storage conditions), namely: (B1) room temperature (27oC), and (B2) cold temperature (4-10oC). The results showed that viability and the total lactic acid bacteria in all formulas of cow's milk dadih during storage at room temperature and cold temperature of more than 106 cfu/ml which could be categorized as a probiotic products. The combination of C1L5 (L.casei: B.longum 1: 5) has the lowest acidity value and excellence in character color, flavor, and was generally preferred by the panelists. In terms of flavor and texture characteristics of cow's milk dadih with a combination of C1L5 had a level of hedonic as with other formulas.       Keywords: dadih, cows milk, probiotic, storage
Sri Usmiati, . Juniawati
Sri Purwaningsih, Rahmatia Garwan, Joko Santoso
The using of fish by-products has not been optimally developed in food processing. The objective of this research was to study the using of catfish's head flour as a part of material in formulating crackers to increase its calsium content. The method for making this flour was based on thermal process using drum dryer. The physical and chemical properties were analysed. Crackers was formulated by using catfish's head flour with trial and error method. The formulations were then F0 (0:100), F1 (7,5:92,5), F2 (12,5:87,5), F3 (17,5:82,5), and F4 (22,5:77,5). F1 and F2 crackers were chosen formulations based on organoleptic test. The result of chemical analysis were respectively: moisture 2,4-3,3% (wb), ash 3,7-4,97% (wb), protein 9,9-11,4% (wb), lipid 19,2-20,5% (wb), carbohydrate 63,9-69,6% (wb), and energy 480-484 kkal (wb). F1 crackers contained 0,3634% of calcium (wb) while F2 crackers contained 0,3147% of calcium (wb). The phospor's content in F1 and F2 crackers were respectively: 0,2362% (wb) and 0,3147% (wb). The contribution of calcium content in crackers were calculated based on RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) for children, adolescents, and adults. F1 crackers fulfilled calcium’s RDA respectively : 25,8% for children; 15,5% for adolescents, and 19,3% for  adults. F2 crackers fulfilled calcium’s RDA respectively: 39,9% for children; 23,9% for adolescents, and 29,9% for adults. The amount of crackers that should be consumed was at least as much 44 gram/day. Key words: catfish's head flour, crackers, calcium content
Herviana Ferazuma, Sri Anna Marliyati, Leily Amalia

A new approach based on glycemic index was suggested in choosing foods as a source of carbohydrate. A study on glycemic index of selected Indonesian food has been conducted such as breadfruit which is a source of carbohydrate. The objective of this study was to analyze glycemic index value of breadfruit products such as fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies. These processing was choosen based on common method of breadfruit cooking in Indonesia. Breadfruits from Kudus were selected. That breadfruit had processed into four kinds of breadfruit products namely fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies. The foods were analyzed the nutrient composition of the four breadfruit products. Six healthy subjects (3 males and 3 females) with BMI between 18.5 and 22.9 kg/m2 were selected. GI value of four breadfruit products determined by standard method (Miller 1996). Measurement of GI was conducted after approval of the Ethics Committee (No. LB.03.04/KE/4914/2010) received. Proximate analysis showed that nutrient contents of the products were as follows : moisture content (wet based, wb) of breadfruit products such as fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies were 51.01%, 71.75%, 79.91%, and 4.24% respectively, protein content (dry based, db) were 1.22%, 2.11%, 3.2%, and 3.53% respectively, fat content (db) were 20.07%, 0.61%, 0.73, and 30.12% respectively, carbohydrate by difference content (db) were 73.36%, 90.30%, 90.78%, and 64.37% respectively, and total dietary fiber content (db) were 16.5%, 25.76%, 30.47%, and 4.36% respectively.  The result showed that glycemic index of fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies were 82, 89, 85, and 80 respectively. Those four products were classified as high GI category. Statistical analysis showed that treatment did not affect the GI value.

Key words: glycemic index, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, breadfruit cookies
Rakhmawati FKR, . Rimbawan, Leily Amalia
Sri Nur Amalia, . Rimbawan, Mira Dewi

Severe malnutrition and linear growth retardation during early childhood were prevalent in developing countries. Objectives of this study was to study adolescent characteristics with the severe malnutrition and linear growth disorder history in early age. A followed-up study were caried out among 93 adolescents aged 10-17 years in Bogor. Subjects admitted to Nutrition Clinic Bogor at the age of below three years, suffered from severe malnutrition as well as stunted at first enrollment. Data collected including weight and height, socio economic status, parent’s weight and height, subject’s characteristicts and secondary data at first enrollment to the clinic from medical records including weight, height, diagnozed, parent’s characteristics. As many as 36.6% subjects were categorized as normal base on height for age (HFA), higher among males (45.3%) than females (32.3%). Higher proportion of normal HFA adolescent were found on farmer or driver father, house keeper mother and mother with junior high school education background. There was no relationship between aged at first enrollment to nutrition clinic as well as puberty status with HFA during adolescent. As many as 52% of adolescents achieve normal HFA whose mother’s height > 150 cm, in the opposite 73.8% of stunted teenage with mother’s height <150 cm. Conclusion : There is a linkage achieving linear growth among adolescent experienced severe malnutrition and linear growth disorders during early childhood with parental employment, maternal education and maternal height.


Keywords: linear growth, follow-up, adolescent, stunted
. Arnelia
Drajat Martianto, Hadi Riyadi, Rizma Ariefiani

Malnutrition is an ecological problem in the sense influenced by various aspects, as explained in the framework of UNICEF (1988). Indonesia as developing country at present still faced such a problem. Eco-nutrition is important to understand related factors affecting malnutrition in Indonesia to find out more effective programs. Eco-nutrition have three key areas : public health (access to quality water, sanitation and health services), socio economic (livelihood assets) and malnutrition. The purpose of this research was to study the linkages between socioeconomic and public health factors with the problem of underweight, stunted, and wasted in Indonesia.This research was conducted using cross-sectional study design, analyzed the 424 districts/cities in Indonesia. Data prevalence of underweight, stunted, wasted, level of education and public health factors (access to quality water, hygiene behavior, utilization of Posyandu, complete immunization coverage, incidence of diarrhea, and the incidence of acute respiratory infections (ARI) obtained from Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas ) 2007. Socio-economic data (level of poverty and GDP/capita) obtained from the Central Statistic Agency (BPS). Statistical test of Pearson correlation and stepwise linear regression method were implemented to understand factors affecting underweight, stunted, wasted and correlation among variables. The study shows that factors affecting underweight were educational level, poverty level, hygiene behavior and use of Posyandu. While factors affecting stunted were GDP/capita, education level, poverty level, hygiene behavior, and utilization of Posyandu. Factors affecting wasted were hygiene behavior, utilization of Posyandu and complete immunization.

Key words: underweight,   stunted,   wasted,   socioeconomic   factors,   public   health,

Dian Hani Ulfani, Drajat Martianto, Yayuk Farida Baliwati
Hadi Riyadi, Drajat Martianto, Dwi Hastuti, Evy Damayanthi, Kukuh Murtilaksono
Dodik Briawan, Ermita Arumsari, . Pusporini
. Elida, Lucy Fridayati
Ikeu Tanziha
Narita Kusumawardhani, Drajat Martianto