Vol 5, No 3 (2010)

November 2010

Table of Contents


Aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of CGF 40% in hastening the recuperation, as indicated by reduced length of hospital stay, improvement in clinical status, increase in platelets, and reduction in the hemoconcentration. The study group comprised of 84 consecutive DHF patients, 42 male and 42 female subjects, who were randomized into the control group receiving the WHO standard therapy and the intervention group receiving CGF 40% and the standard therapy. Hemoglobin, hematocrite and thrombocyte counts were taken daily until the subjects were free of the symptoms and signs of DHF, and the thrombocyte count read >100.000. The results were analyzed statistically, student t test and quadratic regression, using SPSS 16 software. The average length of recuperation time in the intervention and control groups were 2.76 days and 4.43 days respectively (p=0.000). Recuperation times of subjects with thrombocyte counts <50,000 and >50,000 of the intervention group (3,09 and 2,37 days) and the control group (4,2 and 4,5 days) were different significantly (p=0.016 and 0.000). When analized specifically in the treatment group, the recuperation time of those with thrombocyte counts <50,000U (2.37 days) did not differ to those with >50,000 (3.09 days) with p=0.112. Using quadratic regression, the increase in thrombocytes, reduction in hemoglobin concentrations and hematocrite were faster in the intervention group when compared to the control group, with R2 almost reaching 1. The study disclosed that administration of CGF 40% could reduce the recuperation time and improved the hemoconcentration, which presumably demonstrated the concept of regenerative medicine as indicated by the repairmen of vascular permeability.

Key words: Chlorella  Growth  Factors (CGF),  green algae, dengue  fever, and regenerative

Adi Teruna Effendi, M Sediono, HS Suksmono, B Erwanto, Yekti Hartati Effendi, Mira Dewi, Darwin Karyadi
Gina Apriani, . Hardinsyah, Yekti Hartati Effendi

The purposes of this research were to identify and to analyze behaviour of school-food vendor related to nutrition and food safety in Jakarta and Sukabumi. This research used secondary data from Survey “National Monitoring and Verification Food Safety of Elementary Student Street-food 2008” by SEAFAST and BPOM RI. The subjects of this research are 79 school-food vendors in Jakarta and 29 school-food vendors in Sukabumi. Descriptive statistical method is used to process all the data. Most of the subjects were elementary school graduated (46.3%) and used handcart as tool for sale of street-foods (31.5%). Only 35.2% had attended a food safety education/training program. As the result of it, 48.1% of the subjects had sufficient nutrition and food safety knowledge. There were significant differentiation of nutrition and food safety knowledge between the subjects which had been classified by vendor group, level of education, and participation in food safety education/ training program. As many as 74.1% of the subjects lack of food safety practices. There were significant differentiation of food safety practices between the subjects which had been classified by vendor group, region, and level of education. Spearman’s correlative test shows that there a positive correlation between level of education with nutrition and food safety knowledge, level of education with food safety practices. Pearson correlative test shows that there was no significant correlation between nutrition and food safety knowledge with food safety practices.

Key words: Behaviour, school-food Vendor, food safety.
Ghaida Yasmin, Siti Madanijah

Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the schoolObjectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status. One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criteria (i.e. grade 4th and 5th, morning school, having UKS program and not having canteen). Self administered, structured pre-coded questionnaire were used to collect the data. Nutritional status was assessed using weight and height, and body mass index for age (BAZ) and height for age (HAZ) were then calculated using AnthroPlus software developed by WHO (2009). School children were 8-11 years old (mean 9.37 + 0.66 years), more girls (54%), and mostly had normal nutritional status using both indexes (72% for BAZ and 95% for HAZ). School children were commonly from middle class as indicated by father education (sarjana) and mother (senior high school).  Almost all school children (99%) knew breakfast was important and 81% of them ate breakfast. Only 32% school children brought lunch box everyday although 92% stated their habit to bring lunch box to school. Buying snack in school was also common among school children. Generally school children ate rice 3 times a day (2.95 + 0.97) with fish, meat, chicken (2.47 + 1.14), tempe and tofu (2.22 + 1.10), vegetables (2.25 + 0.76) and fruits (2.37 + 1.31). There was a tendency overweight and obese school children eat more rice although statistically not significant.  On average, school children drank milk more than twice daily (2.34 + 0.98), plain water more than 7 glasses daily (7.34 + 4.10), exercise 3 times weekly (3.02 + 2.16) and no difference were observed between nutritional status and family socioeconomics. School children food habit were strongly supported by mother behavior especially in providing breakfast, lunch box and guiding their children in choosing snack food. School children from middle class in urban Bogor had relatively good food habits which were supported by mother behavior. This study found no relationship between family socioeconomic and nutritional status on school children food habit.

Key words: food habit, nutritional status, elementary school children.
Evy Damayanthi, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani, Lilik Kustiyah, Dodik Briawan
Karlina Nurcahyo, Dodik Briawan
Dadang Sukandar, Ali Khomsan, Faisal Anwar, Hadi Riyadi, Eddy Setyo Mudjajanto
Rita Patriasih, Isma Widiaty, Mira Dewi, Dadang Sukandar

The objectives of this study were : 1) to analyze the consumption of various types of foods (meat, milk, fish, fruit, and others) and the methods of getting the foods among farmer households, 2) To analyze the nutritional status (fathers, mothers and children) among farmer households, and 3) To analyze the health status (fathers, mothers and children) among farmer households. This research was of a retrospective and cross sectional design. This research was conducted in Subang Farming Regency, West Java. There are two types of population (farmer households), namely, those of horticultural region and those of rice field region. The sample size at each location was 261 households, so the total sample was 522 households.  The results of this research show that in general the frequency and quantity of food consumed by the non poor households are relatively better than those of the poor households. Further, as the centers of agricultural production, both regions (rice and horticulture) will produce certain foods in abundance and will affect the patterns of food consumption among the local community and households.  Children’s nutritional status is in general of good category (based on W/A and H/A). Husband’s and wives’ nutritional status is normal. The length of upper respiratory tract infection on wives and children is quite low (<4 days), but among the husbands (non poor households) is quite high (8 days) in the last two weeks. The duration of diarrhea is also low, i.e. only 0-0.2 days in the last two weeks.

Key words: Farmer, food consumption, nutritional and health status
Nani Sufiani Suhanda, Leily Amalia, . Khairunisa, Dadang Sukandar

The relationship of mother’s attitude towards specific food consumption is known to influence children’s attitude and eating behavior. Fish consumption is critical towards children development, such as brain development and overall physical health. The objectives of this research were to elaborate the determinants of children’s appreciation for consuming fish or attitude towards consuming fish. This cross-sectional study was conducted in two different locations in Central Java in a coastal and in a non-coastal area. There are 248 students from the fifth and sixth grades of elementary schools participating as subjects, which is the same as that of their mothers. Observations and interviews were carried out using standardized questionnaires to describe the mother and children relationship that determined children’s appreciation for consuming fish by using path analysis. The results showed that location of residence namely coastal area, family collective eating pattern, mother’s affective attitude towards fish and mother’s higher education significantly improved children appreciation for consuming fish. However, cognitive attitude and conduct to make fish available in family menu did not contribute significantly to children appreciation for consuming fish. It can be concluded that even though mother understands the benefits of fish and makes fish available in family menu, when children unable to feel her preference towards fish, children will not appreciate to consume. Therefore, mother’s preference towards fish needs special considerations, since it positively influence children’s appreciation for consuming fish, which will contribute importantly to children’s well-being.

Key words: Elementary  students,  attitude  toward  consuming  fish,  mother’s  affective

. Waysima, Ujang Sumarwan, Ali Khomsan, Fransiska R Zakaria
Evy Damayanthi, Lilik Kustiyah, Mahani Khalid, Henry Farizal