Vol 1, No 2 (2006)

November 2006

Table of Contents


This research attempts to analyze psychosocial aspect, physical activity, and food consumption of the elderly living in the community dwelling.  Research locations were chosen purposively in three POSBINDU (The Services Post for Elderly) located at areal of Bogor City, namely: Kelurahan Budi Agung (represents city-high income society), Kelurahan Baranangsiang (city-moderate to low society), and Kelurahan Situ Gede (boundary between city to rural-low income society).  A simple random sampling was applied to select the subjects. One hundred ninety-seven (197) subjects aged range 60-85 years old (mean age 68.4 years) were selected in those places and completed the survey between August 2004-July 2006. A cross –sectional design and one point approach was followed (Singarimbun & Effendi, 1995). A structured questionnaire was developed to collect data about psychological aspects (family and community support; health behavior; level of depression; life satisfaction), and food consumption limited to some nutrients essensial for elderly. For physical activity assessment, each subject rated his/her capacity involved in housekeeping. A descriptive, Chi Square, One Way ANOVA and Tuckey tests were applied to analyze the data.  The research results showed that there is no significance difference among elderly in three sites in terms of psychological aspect. However, there are significance differences in health behavior and physical activity. The worst health behavior and physical activity conditions were found among elderly in Kelurahan Situ Gede caused by the social-economic differences. In terms of food consumption aspects, the significance differences exist in intake of vitamin A, vitamin B, and calcium among the subjects.


Keywords: elderly, psychosocial, physical activity, food intake, community dwelling.
Rusilanti ., Clara Meliyanti Kusharto, Ekawati S. Wahyuni
Yuliana ., Ali Khomsan, Soemiarti Patmonodewo, Hadi Riyadi, Deddy Muchtadi
Chairunita ., Hardinsyah ., Cesilia Meti Dwiriani
Muhammad Aries, Drajat Martianto

The objectives of this study are to determine the substitution level of defatted rice bran flour substituted to wheat flour, to know the impact of defatted rice bran flour substitution to physical,  chemical and organoleptic characteristics of simulated chips, and to compare defatted rice bran flour with whole rice bran flour as substituted raw material in making of simulated chips to physical, chemical, and organoleptic characteristics.  The substitution of defatted rice bran increased content of water, ash, protein and fiber, but fat, carbohydrate and energy decreased compare with control simulated chips (a = 0.05).  Organoleptic test of simulated chips with some levels of defatted rice bran flour substitution showed that acceptance of panelist  to color has mode ranged from not like to like; mode of aroma ranged from neutral to like; and both of taste and crispiness has mode ranged from not like to like.  Percentage of panelist that accepted simulated chips color in some level of defatted rice bran flour substitution ranged from 20% to 96.7%, aroma 76.7% to 90%, taste 50% to 100% and crispiness 53.3% to 100%.  The substitution of defatted rice bran flour will decrease acceptance of panelist to color, aroma, taste and crispiness (a = 0,05).  Simulated chips substituted by defatted rice bran flour and whole rice bran flour shows that the content of water, ashes, carbohydrate, energy, insoluble dietary fiber and total dietary fiber of simulated chips were not significantly difference (a = 0.05), but there was a significantly difference for fat and soluble dietary fiber. The organoleptic test showed that the color, aroma and taste of simulated chips were not significantly difference, but there was a significantly difference for crispiness (a = 0,05).


Keywords: defatted rice bran flour, whole rice bran flour, simulated chips
Evy Damayanthi, Dwi Inne Listyorini
Clara Meliyanti Kusharto
Dewan Ketahanan Pangan