Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan <p align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/admingizipangan/COVER_LUAR_JGP-_Juli_2017-931.jpg" alt="" width="178" height="211" align="left"><strong>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </strong>-in english translate to Journal of Nutrition and Food-&nbsp;is the official publication of The Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia in collaboration with the Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology (FEMA), Bogor Agricultural University. This journal focuses its’ main research in the fields of nutrition and food. Scientific peer-reviewed articles are published routine, three times per year on March, July and November. According to the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Decree Number 12/M/Kp/II/2015, the Journal of Nutrition and Food is&nbsp;<a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BzgZ-1oM5jwVQzgxSi1LMEZ3Sm8/view" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ACCREDITED</strong></a>&nbsp;since February 11th 2015 (including the issue number submitted in the accreditation process starting from&nbsp;Volume 7, Number 2, July 2012).</p> <p align="justify">The Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan&nbsp;has been indexed in&nbsp;<strong>Clarivate Analytics products (Emerging Sources Citation Index), DOAJ, Science and Technology Index (SINTA), Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),&nbsp;</strong><strong>Google Scholar,&nbsp;</strong>and other scientific databases.&nbsp;The Journal&nbsp;also used Similarity Check to prevent any suspected plagiarism in the manuscripts.</p> <p align="justify">The Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan has a competent Board of Editors in the fields of nutritional and food sciences. The board consists of a variety of institutions related in food and nutrition. This Journal is managed with high commitment despite the number of challenges that are faced. The Editorial team welcomes lecturers, researchers and other scientists to publish their scientific articles here in Journal of Nutrition and Food.</p> Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia en-US Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan 1978-1059 <p><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;">Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</span></p><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a style="text-decoration: none !important; color: #3b5998 !important;" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their <a class="xnimbeqify" style="z-index: 2147483647;" title="Click to Continue &gt; by trivia games" href="#62420613"> work online<img src="http://cdncache-a.akamaihd.net/items/it/img/arrow-10x10.png" alt="" /></a> (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a style="text-decoration: none !important; color: #3b5998 !important;" href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> Food Insecurity, Quality of Life, and Diet Optimization of Low Income University Students in Selangor, Malaysia http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/26562 <p>This study aim to determine the relationship between food security with quality of life and nutritional status among low income students in a public university in Selangor, Malaysia. A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 108 low income students who were chosen by convenient sampling method. Students were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to obtain information on their sociodemographic characteristics, food security status, quality of life, anthropometric data, and dietary intake. Results showed that 69.4% of students were food insecure with 50% reported low food security and 19.4% with very low food security. For quality of life, students scored highest in social relationship domain (68.60±14.53) while lowest in physical health domain (53.87±10.42). There was no significant association between food security and quality of life, ethnic, age, family income, financial assistance, CGPA, and food expenditure (p&gt;0.05). Majority of students (59.2%) had normal Body Mass Index (BMI), followed by 20.4% were overweight, 10.2% were obese, and 10.2% were underweight. There<br />was no significant correlation between nutritional status with food security status (p&gt;0.05). To estimate the minimum daily food expenditure to fulfil all nutrient requirements, an optimum diet model was created by using linear programming model. Result showed that the minimum price of one day menu for male and female student was USD 4.90 and USD 5.20 each. The cost was higher than their average food expenditure (USD 2.90), indicating that students in the university have to spend more money on food sold at the university cafeteria to fulfill their nutrient recommendation. Hence, relevant authorities should take appropriate initiatives so that the food insecurity problem among low income university students can be managed to improve their quality of life and nutritional status.</p> Roslee Rajikan Lee Hui Shin Nurul Izzati Abdul Hamid Siti Masitah Elias Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 14 3 107 116 10.25182/jgp.2019.14.3.107-116 Cluster Analysis of Food Consumption Patterns among Women of Reproductive Age in Indonesia http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/19584 <p>The aim of this study was to cluster the provinces based on the Food Consumption Patterns (FCP) of the Women of Reproductive Age (WRA). This study used secondary data from the 2014 Indonesia Total Diet Study conducted by the Ministry of Health Indonesia. The final subjects included 40.954 healthy WRA aged 15-49 years old. FCP was calculated based on energy adequacy of WRA of nine major food groups for each province. The hierarchical clustering with Ward's method was applied to cluster the FCP of WRA. The results showed that three clusters of FCP were found. The first cluster was characterized by higher intake of cereals and animal foods, but lower intake of tubers, vegetables, and fruits, which implies a high risk of vitamin B6 and C deficiencies. The second cluster was characterized by higher intake of pulses, oil and fat, oily seeds, and sugar, but lower intake of vegetables and fruits as well as animal source foods, which implies high risk in vitamin B1, B3, and B12 deficiencies and overweight. The third cluster was characterized by higher intake of tubers, fruits, and vegetables but lower intake of animal sources foods, pulses, added fat and oily seeds, which implies a high risk in animal protein, fat, calcium, iron, vitamin B2, and folic acid deficiencies.</p> Wardina Humayrah Hardinsyah Hardiansyah Ikeu Tanziha Umi Fahmida Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 14 3 117 126 10.25182/jgp.2019.14.3.117-126 DASH Diet Quality and Status of Mental Emotional Disorder among Hypertensive Women in Rural Area http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/23095 <p>The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between diet quality and mental emotional disorder status with the incidence of hypertension in women in rural areas. The study was a cross sectional study with 143 women (71 with normotensive and and 72 with hypertension) in Pondok Bungur Village, Purwakarta District, West Java, Indonesia. The independent variables were dietary qualities based on customized DASH-like diet and mental emotional disorder status, while the dependent variable was hypertension status. Dietary quality was obtained by non consecutive 2 days 24 hours recall, while mental emotional disorder was collected through SRQ 20. Chi-Square and Mann-Whitney were used for data analysis. The DASH-like diet quality of both groups were low thus showed no significant correlation between the DASH diet quality and HT in the study population (p&gt;0.05), as did the status of mental emotional disorder (p&gt;0.05). However, age may be a cofactor in this study because the age differed significantly between the normal and hypertension group (p&lt;0.05). This study shows that there was no difference in dietary quality between HT and non HT group as well as there were no significant correlation between diet quality and mental emotional disorder with HT status albeit segregation by the age group.</p> Diajeng Rochma Islami Ikeu Tanziha Drajat Martianto Purnawati Hustina Rachman Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 14 3 127 134 10.25182/jgp.2019.14.3.127-134 Fructose Intake Related with Serum Uric Acid Level in Young Adults http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/17160 This study aimed to clarify the correlation of fructose intake with uric acid level and blood pressure in young adults. This study used a cross-sectional design, conducted in Padang, West Sumatera province of Indonesia in 2014. The subjects consist of 109 students of Medical Faculty of Andalas University, aged 18–23 years old, were randomly selected to participate. Data on fructose intake were obtained using food frequency questionnaire. Uric acid levels was determined by the enzymatic colorimetric method. Resting blood pressure was measured twice using a sphygmomanometer. Data were analyzed using Rank-Spearman correlation test. The median of fructose intake was 74.3 g (min 23.4–max 160.2). The median of systolic blood pressure was 117 mmHg (min 100–max 145) and median of diastolic blood pressure was 70 mmHg (min 60–max 90). The mean uric acid levels was 5.2±1.56 mg/dl and 25% of the male subject had high uric acid levels. Fructose intake had no significant correlation with SBP (r=0.026; p=0.851) nor with DBP (r=0.051; p=0.712). However, there was a strong correlation between fructose intake with uric acid level (r=0.660; p&lt;0.001). The study found that fructose intake shows a strong correlation with uric acid level but not with blood pressure in young adult. Desmawati Desmawati Ulya Uti Fasrini Nita Afriani Delmi Sulastri Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 14 3 135 140 10.25182/jgp.2019.14.3.135-140 Kidney Bean Yoghurt is Effective to Improve Immune System and Sleep Quality Among Elderly in Yogyakarta http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/24603 <p>This study aimed to assess the effect of kidney bean yoghurt on the immune system and sleep quality in healthy elderly subjects in Yogyakarta. The study included 17 healthy elderly aged 60-81 years. The study design was a quasi-experimental, before and after design conducted at the Abiyoso Institutional Care for elderly in Yogyakarta from April to May 2018. The subjects were given 200 ml kidney bean yoghurt everyday for 14 days. The immune system status was measured by lymphocyte count and the sleep quality was measured by the PSQI with higher scores in dicating worse sleep quality. Paired t-test was used for data analysis. Lymphocyte count after intervention (28.89±7.09) was higher than before intervention (25.96±7.41), and it was statistically significant (p=0.006). The sleep quality index after the intervention (4.88±1.83) was lower than before intervention (8.06±3.09) and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.001). This intervention study indicates that kidney bean yoghurt significantly improves both immune systems and sleeps quality among our elderly subjects.</p> Natalia Desy Putriningtyas Ari Tri Astuti Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 14 3 141 148 10.25182/jgp.2019.14.3.141-148 Effects of Torbangun Leaves(Coleus amboinicus Lour) Extract on Blood Glucose and Super Oxide Dismutase Activity in Hyperglycemic Rats http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/24133 <p>This research aimed to analyze the yield of torbangun extract, flavonoid content, and antioxidant activity of TE-S and its effect on the activity of SOD enzymes and blood glucose level in hyperglycemic rats as a DM animal model. The water content of simplicia was measured by the gravimetric method. The antioxidant activity of TE-S was determined using the DPPH method, while the total flavonoid was measured using spectrophotometry. The study was a completely randomized design using 25 Sprague Dawley rats. Rats were divided into four groups, namely NG (negative control, hyperglycemic rats), N (normal rats), H-IM (control of metformin drugs 62.5 mg/kg of BW), and H-IT (TE-S 620 mg/kg of BW). The treatment was carried out for 14 days. FBG levels were taken on day 0, 4, 7, 11, and 14, measured using a glucometer, while blood serum SOD levels were measured using ELISA. The study showed the water content of torbangun simplicia was 7.99% and TE-S yield from simplicia was 4.69%. TE-S contains total flavonoids of 3.91% and antioxidant activity (IC50) of 306.28 ppm with a standard of 1 ppm vitamin C. TE-S treatment significantly decreased FBG (p=0.005, α=0.01) and increased SOD levels in hyperglycemic rats. TE-S has the potential to increase blood serum SOD levels by contributing to the availability of antioxidants and decreasing blood glucose levels in hyperglycemic rats.</p><p class="BasicParagraph"> </p> Meilla Dwi Andrestian Muhammad Rizal Martua Damanik Faisal Anwar Nancy Dewi Yuliana Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 14 3 149 156 10.25182/jgp.2019.14.3.149-156 Effects of Leadtree Seed (Leucaena leucocephala) Extract in Inhibiting the Increase of Postprandial Blood Glucose Level in Alloxan-induced Diabetic Rats http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/18829 <p>This research aimed to add evidence on the effect of white leadtree seed extract (Leucaena leucocephala) on postprandial blood glucose level on white male alloxan induced diabetic rats. This research was an experiment with pretest-posttest control group design. The subjects of this research were 25 white male rats, Wistar strain was divided into 5 groups. Group I was the positive control, which was treated with Acarbose, group II was the negative control, and group III, group IV, and group V were treatment groups and were given white leadtree seed extract of 1.5 g/kg of BW, 3.5 g/kg of BW, and 7.8 g/kg of BW respectively. Blood glucose level was checked before and two hours after treatment. The statistical analysis used one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test. The result showed that there were no significant differences between group III, group IV, and group V and the positive control group (p&lt;0.05). The best result of inhibition of the increase in blood glucose level was found in 7.8 g/kg of BW (group V) dosage group with average difference of 186.4 mg/dl. In conclusion, white leadtree seed extract could decrease two hour postprandial blood glucose level in white male alloxan-induced diabetic rats and a dosage of 7.8 g/kg of BW was shown to be the most effective.</p> Ibnu Wadud Pujangga Dorlina Nainggolan Maria Selvester Thadeus Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 14 3 157 164 10.25182/jgp.2019.14.3.157-164