Association between Blood Lead, Nutritional Status, and Risk Factors of Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus: A Study in Female Traffic Police Officers in Yogyakarta

  • Toto Sudargo Department of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
  • Banun Ma’rifah Fathsidni Department of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
  • Dea Farah Zakia Department of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
  • Yuliana Novita Rachmawati Department of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
  • Muhammad Hafizh Hariawan Department of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
  • Rahadyana Muslichah Department of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
  • Rathi Paramastri Department of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
Keywords: blood glucose, blood lead, female traffic police, hypertension, nutritional status

Abstract

The research aimed to investigate the association of nutritional status, blood lead level, and risk factors of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in female traffic police officers routinely exposed to lead in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Fifty-four female traffic police officers aged 20-50 year old participated in this cross-sectional study. As risk factors of diabetes and hypertension, Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated from height and weight data while percentage of body fat (%BF) was measured using Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA). Energy intake (EI) was assessed using 1x24-hour dietary recall. Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) method was conducted to measure blood lead (Pb-S). Blood pressure (BP) was measured using mercury sphygmomanometer while blood glucose (Glu) was measured in laboratory. Pearson’s and Spearman Rank correlation test were performed for statistical analysis. We demonstrated that Pb-S was positively correlated with both systolic and diastolic BP but not with BMI, %BF, and Glu. Meanwhile, there was a correlation between Glu and either BMI or %BF but not EI. Therefore, our study indicates that exposure to lead is correlated with hypertension while nutritional status is more correlated with diabetes mellitus.

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Published
2018-07-16
How to Cite
Sudargo, T., Fathsidni, B. M., Zakia, D. F., Rachmawati, Y. N., Hariawan, M. H., Muslichah, R., & Paramastri, R. (2018). Association between Blood Lead, Nutritional Status, and Risk Factors of Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus: A Study in Female Traffic Police Officers in Yogyakarta. Jurnal Gizi Dan Pangan, 13(2), 87-92. https://doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2018.13.2.87-92
Section
Articles