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Issue Title
 
Vol 2, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

The development of baiting system was very advanced, however it was very expensive thus the use of it was limited on certain community. Based on those conditions, it was needed a researches on local resourches basis or low cost material baiting system in order to be applicated in building protection included simple home. This researches consisted of laboratory and field test. The laboratory test was performed to determine preference baiting media (pulp, sawdust, Pinus merkusii wood, WMD (wood monitoring devices) from Pinus radiata and reliability tested between disodium borax decahydrate and chitosan against Coptotermes curvignathus. After the determination of baiting system and reliability, field test was performed on termite attacked building. Field test consisted of termite presence detection,observatory station, determination of consumption rate and baiting system resistance. The laboratory results showed the most preference baiting system was WMD with persentage weight loss was 40.5%. The comparation of reliability between disodium borax decahydrate and chitosan showed that termite mortality of disodium borax decahydrate was higher than chitosan, meanwhile reliability results showed oltherwise. Chitosan field test showed eating consumption level was decreasing at 75th days and on 135th days eating consumption level was rached 15 gr/day. It meaned there was a decreasing of termite population cause of termite baiting system.

 

Keywords :  Pulp, disodium borax, chitosan, baiting, Coptotermes curvignathus

Abstract   PDF
Yudi RISMAYADI, ARINANA .
 
Vol 2, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

Mahoni wood (Swietenia macrophylla King) contains holoseloluse and lignin. This research has been conducted to using lignin from  mahoni wood for made polyurethane  Isolate lignin is product isolation mahoni degradation with method increasing 4 gram isolate lignin into 150 ml ethylene glycol content 25 gram solution NaOH. The result of degradation used to synthesis polyurethane, then content of LT-PEG with methylen 4.4 difenil diisocyanaate (MDI) become polyurethane.  To identified isolate lignin and product degradation lignin has been conducted to characterized with UV and FTIR method. The result shows that the specified spectra at maximum wavelength at 280 nm and 248 nm. While result from FTIR spectra shows that spevtra at wavenumber 1296 cm-1 and 1249 cm-1 is shows of propile guaiasil group. The function group propel siringile. While lignin from kind at siirngile, while the spectra at 1354 cm-1. The result synthesis polyurethane to characterized by the mechanical properties analysis with Tensile tester machine. It is therefore mechanical properties shows that Tensile strength and Young modulus bigger wuth enhancing lignin of content into polyurethane but percentage elongation increase.

 

Keywords :  Mahoni wood, isolate lignin, degradation lignin, polyurethane

Abstract   PDF
Mohammad WIJAYA, I Made ARCANA
 
Vol 4, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

Physical and mechanical properties of jabon wood particleboards were studied. The wood particle from lower, upper parts of trunk and branches of jabon tree were used. The wood wettability was observed at lower, upper part of trunk and branches of 2.5 years old jabon tree from Cihideung Ilir village, Bogor. The quality of particleboard in terms of density, moisture content, thickness swelling, modulus of elasticity, modulus of rupture, internal bond, and screw holding power were tested accordance with JIS 5908:2003. In general partikel bord made of jabon wood from upper, lower of trunk and branches of jabon were as follow: density (0.61 g/cm³, 0.58 g/cm³, 0.65 g/cm³), moisture content (9.9%, 9.7%, 9.3%), thickness swelling (44.8%; 52.3%; 30.6%), modulus of elasticity (9716.1 kg/cm², 7997.4 kg/cm², 12954.3 kg/cm²), modulus of rupture (82.6 kg/cm², 71.3 kg/cm², 90.8 kg/cm²), internal bond (5.06 kg/cm², 3.02 kg/cm², 6.12 kg/cm²) and screw holding power (30.6 kg/cm², 38.8 kg/cm², 47.5 kg/cm²), respectively.  The quality of jabon wood were not affected by the precentage of adhesive used. There were a variability in wettability of  jabon wood between parts of tree. The wettability of jabon wood of upper, lower trunk and branches were 1800.4, 2126.1 and 2169.7 mm, respectively. Furthermore, the variabilities were also happened in almost all physical dan mechanical properties of the particleboard. The higher the wettability the higher the quality of the particleboard, means that wettability as a good indicator for quality of  jabon woods particleboard.The quality of particleboard made of woods from branches were better than others.  

 

Keywords: particleboard, jabon, wettability,gluability

Abstract   PDF
Surdiding RUHENDI, Erwinsyah PUTRA
 
Vol 2, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

Wood products exposed outdoor could be weathered, especially in the tropical region with high in sun light intensity, rain intensity, and relative humidity. An effort that could be done to protect and enhance wood performance is finishing. The purpose of this research is to understand the durability of finishing layer of the finished wood exposed outdoor. The effects of surface condition of boards (planed and unplaned), sawing pattern (quarter sawn and plain sawn), and type of wood finishes (Ultran Lasur UV and Ultran Politur P-03 UV) were studied. The experimental results showed that finishing layer of Meranti batu was the lowest in durability.  The results also indicated that durability of finishing layer depicted by unplanned and plain sawn boards were lower than that of the planed and quarter sawn board. The finishing layer was considered to provide a good protection to the surfaces of board against failures. The presence of failure due to microbial disfigurement and cracking on the surfaces of the finished samples (in average) were 15% and 18% consecutively. On the other hand, the percentages of failure were observed to be 95% due to microbial disfigurement and 81% due to cracking for the unfinished wood. Comparing the two exterior wood finishes used in this experiment, it was found that Ultran Politur P-03 UV provided almost the same protection against microbial disfigurement and cracking compared to Ultran Lasur UV.

 

Keywords :     Exterior  finishing layer,  microbe stain, surface crack, surface check

Abstract   PDF
Wayan DARMAWAN, Itan Iskova PURBA
 
Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

The objectives of this research were to determine and to compare the physical and mechanical properties of OSB made of strands from three small diameter fast growing species, namely  Akasia (Acacia mangium Willd.), Ekaliptus (Eucalyptus sp.), and Gmelina (Gmelina arborea Roxb.). There were 3 models of OSB produced which bonded by 2 types of adhesive, namely Phenol Formaldehyda (PF) powder type, isocyanate (IC), and the face and back layers bonded by powder PF and the core layer bonded by IC. OSB was made of  three plies, with 9 mm target thickness and ratio of strands weight in face : core : back was 1:1:1. Mat forming methods in face was lengthwise and  the core was widthwise. Level of adhesive 7% based on oven dry strands weight, pressed at 25 kg/cm2 for 15 minutes at 160 °C. Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) A 5908-2003 for particle board 24-10 type was used as standard. Results of this research showed generally physical properties consist of density, moisture content, and thickness swelling fulfilled JIS A 5908-2003 standard. Unfortunatelly, the dimensional stability should be improved, the range 24 hours water absorption was about 22.35–44.63%. For mechanical properties, which consist of internal bonding, modulus of rupture (MOR) and modulus of elasticity (MOE) which be evaluated in dry condition both lengthwise and widthwise generally fulfilled JIS A 5908-2003 standard. However, there were values of  MOR and MOE which be evaluated in wet condition both of lengthwise and widthwise did not fulfill JIS A 5908-2003 standard. The best performance of OSB was which bonded by IC for all the wood species. Using PF powder at the

face and back layers and IC in the core layer of OSB generally increased their physical properties (dimensional stability) but decreased their mechanical properties.

 

Keywords  : Physical and  mechanical properties, OSB, small diameter fast growing species, adhesive

Abstract   PDF
Arif NURYAWAN, Muh. Yusram MASSIJAYA, Yusuf Sudo HADI
 
Vol 3, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

Nowadays wood supplies from natural forest are decreasing.  Many efforts had been done to overcome this problem. One of them was by developing plantation forest, however it has not optimized yet because of many problems. Lately wood supplies were fulfilled by community forest woods.  One of them is cinnamon (Cinnamomum spp.). The research objective was to gain information on anatomical, physical, mechanical and chemical properties of C. burmanni Blume and to analyse its utilization based on these properties. Wood samples used were three logs of 15 years old with 25 cm diameter. It showed that wood texture was fine, between sapwood and heartwood was not distinguished well. Specific gravity was 0.56, while MOE, MOR, and  compressive parallel to grain were 55.731 kg/cm2, 742 kg/cm2, and 392 kg/cm2, respectivelly. Solubility in ethanol benzene was 4.07%, cellulose content  was 48.53%, hemicellulose was 15.71% and lignin was 22.72%. Based on those properties, it could be recommended that C. burmanni wood was suitable enough for furniture, pulp, and light construction purposes.

 

Keywords :              community forest, Cinnanomum burmanii Blume, wood properties, wood utilization.

 

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Istie Sekartining RAHAYU, Imam WAHYUDI, Yoki Putra YOLANDA
 
Vol 4, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

Enhancement of surface appearance of wood products in wood working industry has been done by application of wood stain.  However, the use of wood stains has been recently limited due to emission of a hazardous material.  Through this work a new technique of ammonia fuming has been experimented.  The purpose of the research work was to investigate the effect of ammonia fuming and wood characteristics on the surface appearance of nangka wood (Artocarpus heteropyllus).  The experimental result showed that ammonia in the volume of 2 liter could change significantly the natural color of (16 x 8 x 2) cm size nangka wood after 24 hours of fuming.  Increasing in the period of fuming to 48 hours did not provide any difference in color compared to the 24 hours of fuming, however the 48 hours fuming generated deeper changes in color on the surfaces of the wood.  Heartwood of nangka was observed to generate more significant changes in color compared to the sapwood.  Fresh wood produced a darker color than air-dried wood.  The wood treated by ammonia fuming showed an increase in resistance against termite and decayed fungi attacks.

 

Keywords   :  ammonia fuming, finishing, heartwood and sapwood, preservation

Abstract   PDF
Wayan DARMAWAN, Istie S RAHAYU, Dodi NANDIKA, Widyana LUZA
 
Vol 4, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

The use of wood as a construction material is still the primary choice for most Indonesian people. For the purposes of structural construction, it would require a long span of wood, whereas stock in the market is limited, so usually it is overcomed with joint technique which can be done with type of joint and connector. Kind of joint that is needed to be considered seriously is tensile, shear and moment joint. Nail joint is relatively cheap and easy to be done. Variables which are used to see and predict the level of allowable load for a nail joint are diameter and number of nails. Therefore, the objective of this research was to know the influence from the variables to the strength of joints under uni-axial compression loading from 3 wood species. The results showed that double shear connections strength of nangka wood (allowable load per nail and also total load) has the highest value compared with rasamala and sengon. Nangka wood also reached the highest value for maximum crushing strength. Maximum crushing strength had positive relationship with double shear connections strength. Based on the result of this research, maximum crushing strength is applicable to predict the strength of nails.

 

Keywords   : allowable load, maximum crushing strength, nails, double shear connections, tensile joint

Abstract   PDF
Sucahyo SADIYO, Imam WAHYUDI, Yeyet .
 
Vol 3, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

Connection is the weakest point of the structural building system. Structural construction building system must ensure that there is only a tensile force or just axial compression that is working on the connection. Data on the lateral design values (Z) double shear connection wood beam with nails of steel side plates for various types of tropical Indonesian wood have not studied much. Average moisture content (MC) for the main member varies from 13.3 to 22.5% while average specific gravity (r) from 0.27 to 0.76 and then wood density from 0.31 to 0.89 g/cm3. From this average value of MC, SG and wood density the lowest is sengon and the highest is rasamala wood. Average allowable load of compression parallel to grain ( ) and parallel tensile ( )is sengon, but the highest is bangkirai. There is a general tendency that and is linier to r of those wood. is approximately 2 times greater than its .  The number of nail (4-10 pieces) did not give effect of average Z, but with the nail diameter 4.1 to 5.2 mm Z increased significantly and this value decreased on 5.5 mm diameter nail. Average Z also increases with increasing of ρ for  displacement 1.50 mm (Indonesian Standard PKKI NI-5 1961)) and 5.0 mm (breaking load). The increasing of Z happens because ρ effect. At 5.0 mm displacement the increase of Z is not as sharp as that of 1.5 mm. Power regression type is the best equation to predict Z of wood density for several diameters of nails.

 

Keywords :    Allowable load of tensile parallel to grain, density, displacement, double shear connection, lateral design values

Abstract   PDF
Sucahyo SADIYO, Naresworo NUGROHO, Surjono SURJOKUSUMO, Imam WAHYUDI
 
Vol 4, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

The acidity of wood and panel product was important factor to impact on metal corrosion and give effect on adhesive curing time.  The objective of this research was  to explore of pH and buffering capacity from nine tropical woods.  Method to determination of pH and buffering capacity  reffers to Johns and Niazi (1980) experiment. The result of this research showed that nine tropical woods which observed had different acidity and buffering capacity. The range of wood acidity had pH 4-7.  The correlation value of pH and buffering capacity from this research about 4-5 for base and acid buffering.

 

Keywords:  acidity of wood, pH, buffering capacity.

Abstract   PDF
Apri Heri ISWANTO, Tito SUCIPTO, Fauzi FEBRIANTO
 
Vol 4, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

Pangsor (Ficus callosa WILLD) and kecapi (Sandoricum kucape MERR) are usually planted in garden and rural forest. The objective of this study was to determine its specific gravity (SG), maximum crushing strength (σc//), longitudinal modulus elasticity (EL), and Poisson’s ratio (n).  The compression test  was conducted referring to  ASTM D143-94(2000) using UTM Instron 3369 which is equipped with two biaxial clip on extensometers.  The result showed that vertical and horizontal position of wood in the trees statistically significant influenced on SG and σc//.  Horizontal position in Pangsor wood affected its EL, but the other position in both species were not significantly different.  There were poor correlations between SG with EL and σc//.   Poisson’s ratio value of both woods were in a range 0.0045 – 0.275 for longitudinal-radial direction (nLR), and 0.0151 – 0.1289 for longitudinal-tangensial direction (nLT).

 

Keywords :    Longitudinal Modulus of Elasticity, Maximum Crushing Strength, Poisson’s Ratio, Pangsor wood, Kecapi wood

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Lusita WARDANI, Effendi Tri BAHTIAR, Ignasia Maria SULASTININGSIH, Atmawi DARWIS, Lina KARLINASARI, Naresworo NUGROHO, Surjono SURJOKUSUMO
 
Vol 3, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

This paper presents the effect of extractive and abrasive material of tropical timber (Damar Laut, Mersawa, and Oil Palm wood) and of composite products (Fiber Board and Cement Board) on the  wearing of high speed steel and tungsten carbide cutting tools. The extractive content provides a significant contribution on the chemical wearing of the cutting tools. Oil palm wood and Mersawa wood contain extractives which are more corrosive compared to other wood species tested. Mechanical wear  resistance is influenced by the abrasive material contained in the wood, especially silica, both in wood and wood composite products. Mersawa wood caused the cutting tools wear faster than other types of solid wood. Cement board as a composite product caused the damaged of the cutting edge of high speed steel tool due to high abrasive materials contained in the the cement board. Tungsten carbide tool has higher wear resistance than high speed steel tool.

 

Keywords : wear resistance, high speed steel, tungsten               carbide, silica, extractive

Abstract   PDF
Wayan DARMAWAN, Irsan ALIPRAJA
 
Vol 3, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

The purpose of this study was to analyze the phisycal and mechanical properties of binderless particleboard using bamboo as raw materials. Andong bamboo (Gigantochloa pseudoarundinaceae) used in this study was taken from Bogor area. Bamboo was converted using hammer mill and air dried subsequently. The particle zise was passed of the 20 mesh screener. Three types pretreatment were used to prepare the particle, namely : 1) water boiling for 30 and 60 minutes, 2) oxydation using hydrogen peroxyde, and 3) combination of water boiling for 30 minutes and oxydation using hydrogen proxide. As a control, conventional particleboards using 10 % melamine formaldehyde (MF) resin based on dry particle weight was produced. The particle which has pretreated then utilized to produce binderless particleboard with board density of 0.75 g/cm3. The pressing conditions were 180 oC in temperature, 25 kgf/cm2 in pressure for 20 minutes. The board characteristics were tested according to JIS A 5908 2003. The results indicated that particleboard made from  particle with oxydation pretreatment performed superior characteristics compared to those of particleboard made from particle only with water boiling pretreatment. Dimensional stability and modulus of elasticity of board with oxydation pretreatment were excellent. Its was superior compared to that of conventional particleboard using melamine formaldehyde as adhesive.

 

Keywords : Bamboo, Binderless Particleboard, Oxydation, Hydrogen Peroxyde

Abstract   PDF
SUHASMAN ., Muh. Yusram MASSIJAYA, Yusuf Sudo HADI, Adi SANTOSO
 
Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

Botanical Garden including information on their physical  and   mechanical  properties,   natural  durability,   distribution,

prospect and other supporting data; (2) to analyze the lesser-known wood species that could be used for  construction materials and then recommend them to be developed through Industrials Plantation Forest. The steps of the study were first collection of data on timber species from herbarium catalogue; second collection of data on the properties of wood from various sources; third, observation of stem morphology in the field. The result of the catalogue study showed that there were 291 timber tree species grown in Cibodas Botanical Garden which were comprised of 14 major commercial timbers, 74 minor commercial timbers, and 142 lesser known timbers. These timber species were also distributed in other parts of Indonesia. Observation in the field then generated 49 lesser-known wood species that could be used for construction materials based on their stem form and branch height. From the reference and catalogue study, it was found that there were 14 wood species belongs to strength class I to III with natural durability ranges from very durable to moderate. These woods were then evaluated based on their morphological features and prospects. Finally, it was found that only ten wood species that were suitable to be used for construction materials, i.e. Acmena acuminatissima (Blume.) Merr. & Perry (Kelat); Adenanthera microsperma Teijsm. & Binn. (Saga); Baccaurea parviflora (Muell. Arg.) (Setambun); Casuarina junghuhniana Miq. (Cemara Gunung); Garcinia parvifolia and G. beccari (Manggis Hutan); Gymnostoma sumatranum (Joogb. ex de Vriese) L.A.S. Johnson (Cemara Sumatra); Mimusops elengi L. (Tanjung); Neonauclea lanceolata and N. obtusa (Ki Anggrit). However, the result of this study needs to be supported by further study on their wood properties since the present data were mostly qualitatives. Further research concerning their silviculture, growth rate, and susceptibility to the diseases were also needed to be done.

 

Keywords : Lesser-known timbers, Cibodas Botanical Garden.

Abstract   PDF
Ika WAHYUNI, Wahyu DWIANTO, Yusup AMIN, Teguh DARMAWAN
 
Vol 4, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan

The use of modern devices and human activity today have increased noise problem. The applicaton of acoustic panels in building construction could be as an alternative to overcome this problem. The purpose of this study was to investigate acoustical properties of sound absorption coefficient and sound transmission loss from wood wool or excelsior board. Three fast growing species, sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria), african wood (Maesopsis eminii), and mangium (Acacia mangium) lumbers were processed to obtain wool particles. Two different categories of board density and types of resins were used in this study. Sound absorption coefficient was determined using the impedance tube method, while that for the determination of transmission loss based on the reverberation room method. The results showed that the board density of 0.8 g/cm3 had good sound absorption for low and high frequencies compared with board of 1.0 g/cm3. In the medium frequencies those boards reflected the sound. Wood wool cement bonded board was good in sound absorption for high frequency. In the range low to high frequencies, the boards with isocyanate adhesive were good in transmission loss value compared with cement bonded boards. Meanwhile, the boards with density of 1.0 g/cm3 possessed transmission loss value higher than board of 0.8 g/cm3.

 

Keywords:     acoustic panel, wood wool board, fast growing species, sound absorption, transmission loss

Abstract   PDF
Lina KARLINASARI, Dede HERMAWAN, Akhiruddin MADDU, Bagus MARTIANTO
 
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